Yellow Fungus Bearded Dragon

There appears to be a lot of discussion online about whether or not there is a treatment for yellow fungus.

There is no known cure for Yellow Fungus or Yellow Skin Disease, according to some bearded dragon owners, while others are adamant that the condition may be cured if it is discovered early and given prompt, vigorous treatment.

To treat and diagnose Yellow Fungus in bearded dragons as soon as possible is a point on which both sides of the argument appear to agree.

In light of this, your greatest chance of ensuring a long life for your bearded dragon is to be aware of the symptoms of Yellow Fungus in advance, enabling the earliest possible identification.

Continue reading to discover more about Yellow Fungus symptoms, treatments, and much more, or use the Quick Navigation table below to get to to a particular section.

What is Yellow Fungus Disease?

All reptiles are at danger from YFD, but bearded dragons are more at risk because of this virus. Green water dragons, veiled chameleons, Uromastyx, and green iguanas are also more susceptible to getting YFD. This highly infectious infection is mostly brought on by primary, obligate fungus that attack immune-compromised reptiles.

Particularly, fungi from the genera Nannizziopsis, Parannizziopsis, Ophidiomyces, Onygenaceae, Clavicipitaceae, and others have been implicated as the major pathogens in YFD.

Additionally, Nannizziopsis guarroi and Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola are two fungi that have been linked to YFD in bearded dragons and deep fungal dermatitis in snakes, respectively.

The Clavicipitaceae family of obligatory pathogenic fungus is responsible for the granulomatous glossitis, pharyngitis, dermatitis, and visceral mycosis in a variety of reptiles. These obligate pathogenic fungi may also cause YFD.

On the basis of phylogenetic analyses utilizing molecular technology, it is significant to highlight that fungus formerly identified as CANV have lately been transferred to the family Onygenaceae.

While the lesions that characterize YFD vary significantly depending on the host species and environmental conditions, they are comparable for all related fungus. Initial yellow in color, these lesions or crusts develop into brown plaques that may fracture and exude pus or come off to reveal pink skin irritation.

Over several months, lesions might change from yellow crusts to brown plaques. The head and mouth are where YFD lesions are most frequently found, however they can appear elsewhere on a reptile and may even cover the entire body. YFD brought on by Nannizziopsis species

Since the condition may not first seem severe, it can be challenging for pet owners to recognize early warning symptoms. Nannizziopsis spp. is frequently found infected in bearded dragons with YFD.

Because the fungal infection spreads to muscle, bone, and internal tissues in bearded dragons, the illness is exceedingly serious in these animals and sometimes deadly.

Bearded Dragon Has Yellow Skin and Other Symptoms

The most noticeable sign that most people will notice is the bearded dragon’s skin darkening from yellow to black over time. The following are possible signs of yellow fungus in bearded dragons:

unnatural shedding usually one of the initial warnings. Afflicted people may shed more often, and affected regions resemble an unfinished shed. skin rubbing together. Crusts, which frequently only have a few scales at first, might be yellow or tan in color. Any bodily part may be impacted.

Swelling. It’s conceivable for the infection’s local location to swell, but this can also happen to a whole leg.

Ulceration. the skin’s outer layer might peel off, leaving a raw, exposed region.
Sharpening of scales Scar tissue will seem flattened and significantly lack the scale architecture of healthy tissue.

Scale darkening or hyperpigmentation The yellow-tan regions may eventually look darker and black, signifying a persistent infection.

scaling roughness, or hyperkeratosis. The skin may get rougher as the inflammation lasts longer.
scaly patches. Skin may become necrotic (non-viable or dead). It is crucial that these lesions be removed, which in certain circumstances requires amputation of the affected limbs.

Anorexia. As the illness internalizes, affected animals could lose their appetite.

decreased growth. Suboptimal development may be a clear sign of trouble, as it is with any systemic disease.

fractures with pathology. Deep infections have a tendency to migrate from the skin to the bone, especially around the mouth and limbs. Even with modest “regular” treatment, infected bone can be very fragile and will shatter most easily.

Lethargy. General indicators of being unfrugal will surface as the illness worsens.

Death. Bearded dragons are slain by CANV.

How Do Bearded Dragons Get Yellow Fungus?

Between the moment of contraction and the first observable sign of Yellow Fungus, weeks or even months may elapse. Consequently, it might be challenging to identify the infection’s precise source at times.

This is particularly difficult when dealing with a newly acquired pet or an attentive dragon. A bearded dragon can get the yellow fungus infection in a number of ways.

Causes of Yellow Fungus Disease

It is thought that an apparently healthy lizard might be the source of infection when it is in an asymptomatic carrier stage.

When the yellow fungal sickness first manifests, it penetrates via the skin and starts feeding on the keratin found in the scales. More lesions may appear randomly scattered throughout the skin as the infection develops and spreads throughout the skin.

As the infection progresses, it will invade deeper layers of fat and muscle before finally damaging the lungs, liver, and spleen.

These people are exceedingly unwell and have a very terrible prognosis since they have a systemic fungal disease. Unfortunately, it’s not always easy to tell how severe an illness is from the outside. Postmortem examinations are used to diagnose a lot of deeper infections.

Yellow Fungus Bearded Dragon Prevention Measures

You may take some measures to prevent your bearded dragon from getting Yellow Fungus! Check out the advice provided below for some preventative measures you may take to help safeguard your bearded dragon against Yellow Fungus.

Become a good husband. As previously said, it is a good idea to establish a pattern of regularly bathing and sanitizing your bearded dragon’s environment with a sanitizer.

Replace/disinfect the substrate, wash and fully sanitize all accessories, spray down and clean the walls, and replace/disinfect all accessories.

Make sure your dragon is receiving adequate UVB as well as that the cold and warm sides of their tank are maintained at the proper temperatures.

Clean up after your dragon. While some may contend that washing a bearded dragon is pointless, others will contend that it keeps them healthy and hydrated. You must determine for yourself where you stand in this debate.

If you ever want to give your bearded dragon a bath, limit how frequently you do it to once per week (unless they’re shedding), and use warm water and extremely gentle baby soap.

Make sure the water doesn’t come up to their shoulders, and always be prepared to supervise. The length of a bath cannot exceed 20 minutes.

Set Your Bearded Dragons Apart. You can still keep your bearded dragons apart because Yellow Fungus is nearly hard to find during contraction.

Even if they are from the same clutch, bearded dragons should not be kept together for a number of reasons in addition to the risk of disease transmission.

If you have two similarly big female bearded dragons, that is the only circumstance in which you could responsibly house your bearded dragons together.

Never keep a male dragon in the same home as another dragon. Males will compete with one another and constantly bug females to mate. Simply put, it’s unhealthy, and the results might be catastrophic.

Many owners think that their bearded dragons will get along and enjoy each other’s company as adults regardless of whether they were pals as infants or from the same clutch. This is not at all the case.

Bearded dragons are reclusive animals that like to be left alone.

Additionally, placing infants in the same space raises the risk of harm since infants frequently bite each other and leave bruises behind that might develop into Yellow Fungus.

Cleanse everything you own. Some bearded dragon owners have said that after introducing new elements to their surroundings, such as hammocks or pebbles, their animals became ill or contracted Yellow Fungus.

As a result, every new attachment must first be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before being placed in the habitat.

Unfortunately, some shops are just thoughtless… Fortunately, quick cleaning is all that is required to protect our bearded dragons from such carelessness.

Treating Yellow Fungus Disease For Reptiles

It is crucial to speak with a veterinarian as soon as possible given the seriousness of YFD. Delays in treatment can hurt and lead to inadequate therapy.

While systemic antifungals, topical antifungals, and/or antiseptic treatments will certainly be used in the course of treatment, severe instances may necessitate surgical removal of the lesions from your reptile [9]. Your reptile could also require supportive therapy.

Your vet will also provide you advice on feasible lifestyle modifications you and your reptile might adopt to raise both of your quality of life and reduce the likelihood of recurring illnesses.

This requires pinpointing the precise disease affecting your reptile, with today’s technology advancements enabling more specialized clinical diagnostic approaches.

What to Look for in the Early Stages of Yellow Fungus

Dragons that have just contracted the disease will have discolored scales and sores that seem dry and crusty.

Additionally, shedding, which may become more frequent at this stage of the illness, can be used to maintain these problem areas.

Take Them to a Reptile Vet ASAP

Bring your dragon to a reputable reptile vet as soon as possible to determine for sure whether they are affected with Yellow Fungus or not.

When they get there, the veterinarian will probably remove a portion of the scales that are affected in order to do certain tests to determine whether it is Yellow Fungus or another fungus.

If the tests reveal that your bearded dragon has Yellow Fungus, you can probably anticipate the veterinarian to recommend Voriconizole or another antifungal medication that will act to eradicate the fungus.

It should be mentioned that the high concentration of yeast in Voriconizole may eventually have an adverse effect on the health of your bearded dragon’s kidneys; as a result, you should be ready to give them nutrients and a lot of water to maintain the health of their organs.

What to Look out for during the Later Stages of Yellow Fungus infection

You’ll probably see some of the early infected patches becoming black and withering away during the latter stages of Yellow Fungus.

As the fungus develops on them, it’s conceivable that the limbs or the tail may fall off. At this point, wounds may also start to discharge a fluid resembling pus.

And last, at this point, the dragon is probably still cranky, sluggish, and eating too little or not at all.

Is Yellow Fungus Contagious to Humans?

Since Yellow Fungus is predominantly a reptile infection, it presents very minimal risk to people.

Nevertheless, while not being zoonotic (able to transfer from animals to humans) in nature, there have been a few documented cases of the disease infecting people with severely weakened immune systems.

As a result, it is recommended that you take sensible hygiene steps to safeguard yourself.

As a result, wash your hands thoroughly after touching your bearded dragon, wash and disinfect any surfaces that it comes into contact with outside of its vivarium, wash your clothing in hot water if your dragon has touched them, and so on.

Home Remedies for Yellow Fungus in Bearded Dragons

Can’t arrange an appointment right soon OR don’t have the funds to visit the veterinarian right away?

While you wait to visit the vet, use the solutions listed below to keep your bearded dragon’s Yellow Fungus under control.

Baths with betadine. The brand of betadine we’re using here won’t do anything to combat the fungus, but it will keep your dragon clean and may even be able to get rid of the shedding fungus.

It should be noted, though, that frequent washing might actually hasten the growth of the fungus, so attempt to bathe your dragon once every few days for no more than 5 to 10 minutes.

Additionally, after every wash, be sure to completely dry your dragon with a clean towel since any residual moisture may encourage the fungus to grow.

34 cup of betadine should be combined with each gallon of water for the ratios.

Lamisil. Your bearded dragon’s damaged scales should get daily applications of a topical antifungal medication, but only on dry skin.

While some claim that Lamasil and betadine baths are all it takes to cure your dragon of Yellow Fungus, others who use the same regimen report no improvement in the condition.

Every dragon is probably unique, hence Lamasil’s efficacy will fluctuate from situation to situation.

Lamasil’s ability to treat the yellow fungus will largely depend on how quickly it is discovered.

unpasteurized raw honey Although it may seem strange, raw, unpasteurized honey is excellent for aiding in the healing of any wounds, particularly those caused by fungal diseases where the skin simply peels off.

Apply the honey on your reptile and then wrap it in gauze to let it absorb for a few hours if you are having trouble keeping it on.

Is it safe to use an Antifungal Cream for My Bearded Dragon?

Yes, a lot of bearded dragon owners have had positive results using antifungal lotions on their pets.

Simply apply it to the problematic region twice daily, making sure the dragon is completely dry before doing so. If necessary, sponge-dry the dragon.