What do Sharks Eat

Sharks are among the sea’s most active hunters. Sharks consume a wide range of foods since they are one of the ocean’s top predators.

Every oceanic mammal, from tiny fish to huge whales, has fallen victim to a shark. But what specifically do sharks eat?

Do they favor marine animals over fish? Let’s look through a shark’s diet and discuss where they often obtain their food.

What Do Sharks Eat?

Sharks are vicious predators with a startlingly varied diet. The Elasmobranchii subclass of sharks has more than 500 distinct species, and new ones are always being found. Based on their sizes, morphologies, diets, and many other distinctive traits, these species are divided into 30 groups.

Sharks are a varied range of creatures, but they typically follow one of just two dietary patterns. All known species of sharks are either planktivores, which means they mostly consume microscopic kinds of plankton, or carnivorous, which means they predominantly eat bigger marine creatures like fish, seals, and turtles.

Many shark species are also apex predators, which means they are at the top of their food chain with little to no competition for food.

Although there is a large variety of prey available to apex predator sharks, it’s vital to remember that not all sharks are vicious, predatory opportunists. Some species, like basking and whale sharks, calmly filter feed mostly on plankton.

Different Types Of Sharks And Their Diet

Although it is often believed that all shark species consume whatever food that comes their way, individual species really have diverse tastes.

Blue sharks appear to have a need for squid, but hammerhead sharks must only eat string rays to survive.

Great white sharks, makos, and tiger sharks target more challenging food including seals, sea lions, porpoises, and different seabirds, but they still rely on tuna and mackerel to sate their appetites if their day’s hunting is unsuccessful.

In order to capture their prey and satisfy their carnivorous feeding instincts, they employ expert hunting skills. Tiger sharks are arguably the least choosy of all shark species because they also devour turtles, crabs, and sea snakes.

The great white shark approaches its victim from below as part of its hunting strategy. The entire animal is subsequently swallowed by their enormous teeth as they swim upward in a swift movement. They employ this method to catch waterfowl, penguins, and seals. Other sharks, including the, use this strategy.

Despite being one of the biggest shark species, whale sharks only eat plankton. They have unique jaws that enable them to ingest big mouthfuls of krill while filtering out saltwater, making it considerably simpler for them to fill their stomachs.

Similar strategies are used by basking sharks and megamouth sharks as well; all three species are known as planktivores. They are also known as filter feeders, and the only other use for their teeth is as grills.

The hammerhead shark consumes squids, octopuses, and other sharks, and appears to have a preference for stingrays and soft-bodied cephalopods.

Crustaceans are a favorite food of the spiny dogfish, who pick them up from the ocean floor and then crush them with their rows of teeth.

Bull sharks are unpredictable, violent sharks that have been known to snag other sharks in their path! Nurse sharks use their lips to draw food from crevices in the ocean floor, including squid, octopus, shrimp, crabs, coral, and sea urchins.

Bethnic sharks are animals that live on the ocean floor and utilize their unique jaws to crush and swallow crustaceans, which is what they feed. Sharks are known to lie on the sand, ambush their prey, and pull them inside while twisting them up.

Thresher sharks, on the other hand, utilize their pointed tails to paralyze and sting their prey, which facilitates simpler eating.

Although the majority of sharks are carnivores, they do not hunt humans. The majority of assaults on people are provoked occurrences or mishaps, and they would much rather consume fish and marine animals.

For everyone’s enjoyment, Kidadl has meticulously crafted a ton of fascinating, family-friendly facts. If you enjoyed reading about what sharks eat, you might also be interested in learning about what oysters eat or hammerhead shark facts.

What Do Carnivorous Sharks Eat?

The typical diet of a carnivorous shark consists of fish, mollusks, and crustaceans. Along with huge fish species like tuna, mackerel, and even smaller shark species, large species also eat marine mammals including dolphins, seals, sea lions, and porpoises. Even seabirds are consumed by certain people.

Some sharks are picky eaters with particular tastes. For instance, blue sharks (Prionace glauca) and tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) prefer squids and turtles, respectively, whereas hammerhead sharks (Sphyrnidae family) virtually exclusively eat rays.

Sharks that are carnivores are expert hunters and employ a variety of tactics to capture their prey. Enormous species have the ability to swallow whole prey or break them apart with powerful jaws to take large portions. While sawfish (Pristiophoridae) twist their capture inside the sand, thresher sharks (Alopias) paralyze its victim with their tail.

Many of the sharks that live on the ocean floor are predators that hide in their surroundings or ambush prey.

Other benthic sharks eat exclusively crustaceans, which they squish between their jaws to kill. On the other hand, it is typical for certain animals to hunt in groups, collaborating to obtain greater plunder than if they were hunting alone.

These are frequently the smaller shark species that can subsist on lower amounts of food.

Because sharks frequently target older, weaker, or ill people as their preferred prey, their hunting behaviors aid in the survival of the fittest or those who are most adapted to their environment. In this sense, the most resilient do not survive while the strongest do.

Sharks that are carnivores can swiftly tear through the flesh of their victim and even puncture the bones thanks to their keen teeth. Depending on the requirements of each species, their teeth can be smooth or serrated and utilized to grasp, cut, or crush a victim.

Tiger sharks have jagged teeth that make it easier for them to break open the hard shells of crustaceans than white sharks, which have triangular tusks that are sharpened.

What is a shark’s favorite food?


Sharks often consume whatever is readily accessible to them because they are marine animals. They prey on a variety of marine creatures, including fish, crabs, mollusks, and mammals like penguins, seals, and dolphins since they are carnivorous by nature. Others love eating turtles, while some sharks even consume marine birds!

Older sharks tend to hunt larger animals, and seals and sea lions appear to be their preferred prey. Although the gregarious character of dolphins may provide many challenges for them, they also like eating porpoises and dolphins.

They choose huge fish like mackerel and tuna when it comes to eating fish, yet they may eat lesser shark species if necessary.

How Do Carnivorous Sharks Hunt Their Prey?

The bodies of carnivorous sharks are excellently suited for effective and covert prey capture. Depending on their size, species, and the prey animal they are hunting, they are known to employ a range of tactics, from just eating them whole to tearing them apart with their huge jaws packed with rows and rows of razor-sharp teeth.

Sharks that are carnivores consume their food right away because they enjoy consuming live meat. They will hunt in packs to make sure every part of their victim is devoured while pursuing bigger prey like turtles and dolphins.

Amazingly, several shark species may spend a month or longer between meals, making them tough creatures that seldom perish from malnutrition. Food shortage is typically not a problem for carnivorous sharks because they are among the best hunters in the ocean and frequently have an abundance of prey creatures to select from.

How much do sharks eat?

Sharks aren’t particularly good at eating their food, despite possessing powerful jaws and keen teeth. In the case of fish, they often swallow their prey whole or in bigger portions.

The shark is satisfied for a long time since these portions, which are rather huge, take a while to digest correctly. As a result, they only eat 0.5–3.0% of their body weight each day, with some sharks gorging themselves on larger prey before becoming full, while others swallow larger animals whole.

Sharks’ metabolism functions at a significantly slower rate than ours since they are naturally cold-blooded. It takes them a long time to develop an appetite since they expend energy so slowly.

Their inefficient chewing technique and sluggish metabolism are additional causes of their poor digestion. They are also skilled at throwing out any unsavory food they may have consumed by doing so through their mouth.

Larger sharks may take enormous meals all at once, keeping them full for weeks. Additionally, they accumulate oil in their livers, which aids in keeping them alive when they are unable to obtain prey.

What Do Planktivorous Sharks Eat?

These sharks don’t fit the stereotype we often have about these creatures since they passively consume plankton. However, it is accurate to say that some of the larger sharks favor plankton over meat. These include the megamouth shark, the basking shark, and the whale shark (Rhincodon Typus) (Megachasma pelagios).

Their method of eating involves sucking up water and filtering the food via long filaments like whale beards. When enough plankton gathers in the filaments, sharks capture them and ingest them.

The peregrine shark typically filters 2 million liters of water per hour, but only extracts 2 kg of plankton. Although they have teeth, they are quite little and are not used during the eating process.

All sharks are essentially carnivores to some extent. Despite what would seem impossible, they only ingest 0.5 to 3.0 percent of their body weight each day since they have poor chewing skills and take a long time to digest their food.

Sharks have a completely different digestive system than mammals, which accounts for their slower digesting. Their intestines are extremely short, and they feature a spiral valve inside only a little segment. Food is kept in this last section of the stomach after it travels from the mouth to start the digestive process.

If the shark believes that it has consumed any harmful food, the stomach does not allow for digestion; instead, the food is evacuated via the mouth.

How Do Planktivorous Sharks Eat?

The three species of planktivorous sharks that are now recognized feed passively while drifting slowly through the water and use distinctive gill rakers—special appendages that function somewhat like suction filters.

It’s interesting to note that they work similarly to how baleen whales utilize their baleen plates to draw in vast volumes of water and microscopic aquatic organisms.

In place of teeth, gill rakers—long, slender, comb-like structures—are constructed of cartilage. Planktivorous sharks, like the basking shark, ingest plankton and other small organisms by sucking water into their mouths. These little creatures are then caught in the “teeth” of the comb-like gill rakers.

Planktivorous sharks consume the remaining creatures trapped in their gill rakers after filtering the water over their gills.

What type of fish do sharks eat?

Larger fish like tuna and mackerel tend to be the fish that sharks favor. They enjoy eating mollusks as well, with squid and octopus topping their list of preferred prey.

But the kinds of fish that sharks eat vary from species to species, with size being a key consideration. While larger sharks hunt larger fish, smaller sharks hunt smaller fish. In actuality, the biggest shark species relies entirely on krill to feed its stomach.

Sharks can cut, grind, and pierce their prey with the assistance of their diverse array of teeth. They aid them to cut their prey into smaller pieces so that it may be swallowed. They can be smooth, sharp, or serrated.

Large sharks frequently get into difficulty for preying on the calves of dolphins and porpoises. Dolphins roam in huge packs and leap to protect one of their own if they sense harm. These enormous groups are highly skilled in roughhousing sharks, and if they are violent enough, they may even succeed in killing them.