Types of Snails

Snails are a common and widely distributed species. You can find them practically everywhere because they are extremely adaptable creatures. Fields, gardens, riverbanks, and suburban areas are all places where snails may be found.

Mollusks are snails, and they belong to the Gastropoda class. We can identify specific features that gastropod mollusks have, such as a soft body and a hard shell, since they are gastropod mollusks.

Their muscular foot, which aids in creeping movement, is also impressive. While land snails are the most widely recognized snail species, our planet hosts a diverse range of species.

It’s worth noting that there are over 40,000 snail species in the world. Land snails, freshwater snails, and sea snails all exist. The living and eating habits of snails are explained by their categories.

By dividing the snails into groups, this page will investigate several of them.

The Giant African Land Snail (Achatina Fulica)

The huge African land snail is one of the world’s largest snail species, measuring almost 2.75 inches tall (6.9 cm) and 7.87 inches long (19.8 cm).

This snail species may now be found on all continents, with the exception of Antarctica, despite its indigenous origin in Africa.

The most often encountered invasive snail species in its native habitat is the huge African land snail, which is well-known for wreaking havoc on agricultural plants and crops. It’s also been shown to spread plant diseases, in addition to being a transmitter.

It is the most harmful of all snails, with a brown, heavy shell with the greatest concentration of dangerous metals of any snail species. This kind of animal is a herbivore, which means it eats a wide range of flora, fruits, greens, and paper products.

The Giant African Land Snail can eat a range of additional substances in addition to sand, tiny stones, skeletons, and eggshells as a nutritional supplement. Snails, snail eggs, and other dead creatures are occasionally consumed by them, albeit this is uncommon.

Apple Snail

This is one of the most popular freshwater snail species to buy when it comes to aquariums. It comes in a range of hues, including gold, blue, and even tiger.

Because this kind of snail may reach up to six inches in length, it is advised that you have a huge tank if you want to maintain it. They have a predisposition to eat the plants in your tank, so it’s best to keep minimal amounts of flora there.

Mediterranean Green Snail (Cantareus apertus)

This land snail may grow up to 4.72 inches in length and is also known as a green garden snail or green snail.

It’s a rainforest dweller that originated in Europe and Africa. This species has been labeled invasive in the United States, and it may harm agriculture, our health, the ecosystem, and trade.

Leafy veggies, crops, grasses, and plants are the primary foods of this herbivorous species.

Sea Snails

Sea snails are a diverse collection of saltwater snail species. Gills are found in most sea snails, allowing them to breathe underwater. Yet, certain animals have lungs that allow them to breathe.

They are very adaptable since they may change their habitat from the sea to the shore. They come in a variety of forms, sizes, and colors. Sea snail examples include the crown conch and Atlantic moon snail.

The Roman Snail (Helix pomatia)

Escargot is a common delicacy found across Europe and is a huge, edible snail. Yet, it is now found in practically every corner of the globe, including the United States.

Two-thirds of the Roman snail’s total weight is made up of ivory, which has turned to a medium brown shell. Plants, fruits, vegetables, blossoms, and other botanicals are among the foods this snail eats.

Garden Snail

The garden snail, often known as Helix aspersa, is a common species that has also been dubbed the European Brown Garden snail. It’s a prevalent snail that affects a wide range of plants and crops all over Europe and other areas of the globe.

It has a soft body, yellow- or cream-colored shells with brown spiral stripes, and is covered in mucus. It is generally less than 1.3 inches long. Although the snail still protects itself even when it isn’t inside of it, the shell on the garden snail is utilized when it isn’t eating or feels threatened.

When garden snails are found on farms, it is because they eat plants. Trees, tree barks, cereals, and flowers are all sources of food for them.

Brown-lipped snail (Cepaea nemoralis)

The white-lipped snail is a snail of this type. The brown-lipped snail has a brown band around the aperture of its shell, which is the only distinction. It has a wide range of colors, such as yellow, pink, brown, and red.

Except for the far north of Scotland, it is most often found in Britain. It eats nettles and buttercups, among other things.

The brown-lipped snail prefers rotting plants, so gardeners should be safe with it as it can eat fresh ones.

White Lipped Snail

White lipped snails are a common kind of terrestrial snail. The white band at the top opening of their shells is a distinguishing feature they have. There are five brown bands on their shells, which you can see.

White-lipped snails come in a variety of colors, the most common of which are yellowish or pinkish.

Hermaphrodites, which live in damp environments, are the most common species of snail. Hogweed, nettles, and ragwort are all consumed by the white lipped snail.

Milk Snail (Otala lactea)

The milk snail is a huge, edible snail that is found exclusively in Europe and parts of North Africa. It is commonly known as the Spanish snail. As a result, it’s known as the Spanish snail.

Greens like cruciferous vegetables, salad greens, and yucca plants, as well as fruits and veggies like papaya plants, fennel, and lilies, are among the main foods of this snail species.

In some areas, such as the Mediterranean basin, snails from the milk are eaten as a delicacy.

Orchid Snail

These are a tiny sort of snail that prefers to wreck greenhouses and orchards, and they get their name for this. The shell is a reddish-brown color, but the creature beneath it is a blue color.

They’re also tiny, typically measuring just one-third of an inch. These snails may sneak inside and underneath the pot even if you have pots with numerous plants in them, so be careful.

Apple Snails (Ampullariidae)

Large, freshwater snails that may grow up to 5.9 inches when properly maintained are commonly referred to as apple snails.

This species is mostly considered an aquarium pet due to its appearance. Gold, blue, tiger-stripe pattern, and white are some of the colors available.

Vegetables, fish food pellets, brine shrimp, frozen foods, and dead fish or insects are all eaten by apple snails.

Because of its capacity to climb out of the water and eat a gardener’s crops, this snail type is considered a pest in Asia.

Common Whelk

A big snail known as the common whelk. It can grow to be 3.9 inches high and 2.4 inches broad in shell. It prefers sandy seabeds as its natural habitat and stays around coastal areas.

The color of this snail’s conical shell varies. Others are yellow or red-brown, while others may be white. Wavy lines run through their shells, creating a pattern. Whelks, like other carnivorous animals, consume worms, crabs, and mollusks.

Snail with a Golden Apple Shell (Pomacea canaliculata)

The channeled apple snail, also known as the aqueous snail, is a South American species of aquatic snail that is popularly known.

It has, on the other hand, spread across the globe. In Southeast Asian nations such as Thailand and Vietnam, it is regarded as a major commercial pest.

Immature, growing rice plants, taro and other root vegetables are eaten by golden apple snails. Algae and debris are consumed by juvenile snails, on the other hand.

Mystery Snails (Pomacea bridgesii)

Mystery snails are a great addition to any aquarium because of their colorful shells and capacity to clean up waste and excess food. They are perhaps one of the most well-liked freshwater snails for aquarium enthusiasts.

They are safe to keep with other fish, shrimp, or plants because they do not eat healthy plants.

Mystery snails eat fish pellets, biofilm, and blanched greens like cucumber, kale, spinach, and zucchini in addition to algae.

Common Periwinkle

Little marine snails, known as periwinkles, Their spiraling lines and sharp ends give them an oval appearance. They have a range of grey to grey-brown shells. Common periwinkles reach lengths of up to an inch when fully grown. They’re frequently found along the coast, between rocks.

These snails can live on land for up to several days and keep their shells closed to stay wet. They are small, but they are adaptable and can handle difficult situations. Algae is a common food for them.

The Colombian Ramshorn Apple Snail (Marisa cornuarietis)

This gigantic freshwater snail is commonly used as a biocontrol agent in both aquariums and the wild, and it’s also known as the paradise snail. South and Central America are home to this snail species. Algae, vegetation, other snails, and dead animals are the primary sources of nutrition for this omnivore.

Common Whelk (Buccinum undatum)

The white, red, or yellow shell of the common whelk is a large edible marine snail.

Since it feeds on the bivalve remnants abandoned by the starfish, this species benefits greatly from starfish feeding.

Several fish and crustaceans prey on the common whelk in turn. They’re also available as a menu item in some regions of the globe.

Violet Sea Snail

This snail’s beautiful shell distinguishes it from other bubble raft snails. Tints and tones of light and dark purple make up its shell.

These snails are found in a variety of climates, especially warm-water habitats. They stay near the water’s surface and migrate in huge groups.

They’re about an inch and a half long. Various types of jellyfish are eaten by the violet sea snail. They first appear as males early in their lives. They become females when they reach adulthood.

The Periwinkle Snail (Littorina littorea)

Snails like these are tiny and tasty, and they can only be found on the stony beaches of the northern Atlantic Ocean. This snail was once thought to be a vital source of food in Scotland.

Now, it is served in a variety of restaurants around the world, including African and Asian cuisines. Another advantage of the snails is that Periwinkle snails are often employed as a fish capture bait.

The periwinkle snail, like other omnivores, prefers to eat algae; however, if tiny creatures such as benthic larvae are accessible, it may consume them as well.

Nerite Snails (Neritina natalensis)

This algae-eating species may be kept in freshwater tanks and is considered a good algae eater. Nerite snails also eat waste fish food, dead plants, and other materials that accumulate at the bottom of the aquarium.

They aren’t suited for shrimp tanks because their excrements include bacteria that is beneficial to the shrimp’s digestive tracts, and they don’t consume healthy plants.

Geography Cones

The most poisonous snail, as well as a component of the predatory snail family, is the geography cone or conus geographus. With sizes ranging from 4 to 6 inches long, it is the most deadly of the hundreds of cone snail species. Many shell collectors appreciate their white and brown shells.

Their venom includes a variety of toxins that immediately paralyze their fish prey. Humans are also at great risk when they get loose. There is no antivenin for cone snail stings, according to National Geographic. Venom wears off after a period of time, and caretakers are frequently left to care for the victims.

Assassin Snails (Clea Helena)

Since they consume pest snails in any tank, assassin snails are nice critters that eliminate the issue.

These are effective at keeping snail populations in check in the areas where they live. Assassin snails, which are native to Southeast Asia, are predators that eat a variety of other species.

While keeping them in the same enclosure with them, the fact that they may consume dwarf shrimp if given a chance should be kept in mind.

Because they are primarily inclined to eat other snails, keeping them alongside fish and live plants is not a cause for concern.

They will not eat snails of their own species, despite their voracious appetite for other snails.

Rabbit Snails (Tylomelania)

Because of its enormous size, distinctive hue, and rabbit-like face, the rabbit snail is a one-of-a-kind freshwater snail that aquarium hobbyists are increasingly adopting.

Rabbit snails have rough and wrinkled skin, unlike most snails that have soft and gelatinous skin, hence their moniker elephant snails.

Soft algae, dead plants, detritus, and other items at the bottom are the preferred foods of this species native to Sulawesi, Indonesia. They assist in maintaining your water tank clean.

Channeled Apple Snail

This snail has a bright yellow shell that makes it easily visible and is often called the golden apple snail. South America is home to the golden apple snail, however it may be found all over the globe.

Several people consider them pests since they feed on rice, especially in Southeast Asia. The environment adaptability of golden apple snails is exceptional. They’re also able to reproduce quickly.

Pond Snails (Lymnaea stagnalis)

Pond snails are regarded as helpful by some people, while annoyances by others. Algae, dead plants, detritus, and excess fish foods are the main foods of pond snails.

While they reproduce quickly when there is abundant food for them to eat, they are safe to keep with healthy plants. To limit the supply of food to pond snails, water should be changed frequently.