Types of Betta Fish

Bettas (Betta splendens) are some of the most stunning freshwater aquarium fish, with their stunning colors and magnificent fins.

Differentiating between the different types of betta fish can be difficult for the uninitiated. Tail shapes, colors, and patterns vary across bettas. How do you know which one is which?

Read on if you’re unfamiliar with the different betta fish species. I’ll explain how their physical features differ to yours. Despite their differences, bettas are guaranteed to make a stunning show in any aquarium!

Crowntail

The betta fish Crowntail is very popular. The fins are named for their spiky appearance, similar to that of the crown.

Because of the long length of the fin’s rays and minimal quantity of webbing, you’ll be able to tell a crown tail betta by looking at it. It is not a crowntail if the webbing goes farther than 2/3 up the tail’s ray. The webbing of most breeders is only halfway complete.

Veil Tail

The most often encountered type of Betta in the aquarium trade is the Veil tail. Their tail drags behind the body, swooping up and then curving back down.

You can find them in practically any pattern and color combination since they are bred by the millions. It might be difficult to locate marble and koi patterns, yet they do exist.

Veil tails prefer a moderate stream in their tank, and they do not like strong swimmers.

Short-finned varieties are not as aggressive.

Albino Betta

The albino betta fish is without a doubt the most difficult to find. The albino betta fish has no pigmentation and is completely white, with eyes that have a pink or reddish tint, much like other animal species’ albinos.

Some individuals doubt the existence of albino betta fish, with most documented albino fish being white or cellophane variants that were confused for albino since they have black eyes; if the betta has black eyes, it is not an albino.

Since albino betta fish are highly susceptible to UV radiation, which often causes the fish to go blind at a early age, breeding them is quite difficult.

Crowntail Betta

One of the most common freshwater fish is the crowntail betta. This species was first bred by Ahmad Yusuf in Indonesia about 25 years ago and is still relatively young.

When the webbing stretches more than 2/3 up the tail, it is classified as a separate variety, the Combtail Betta, because of the long spikey crown appearance of its fins.

Females look considerably different from males, who have stunning colors and long fins and tails. The female generally has lighter colors and a shorter tail, which gives her a less majestic overall appearance.

Combtail

The rays in a combtail’s tail are likewise longer than its webbing, as with a crowntail betta. Combtails, on the other hand, take advantage of it more subtly. The webbing and the fin’s ray seem to be about the same distance.

The fan-like caudal fin is a characteristic of the combtail betta fish. It has a wide range of angles, seldom exceeding 180 degrees.

Halfmoon

The tail of a halfmoon Betta is 180° wide and round. The tail’s silhouette resembles a semicircle (or half moon) because the trailing edge is round.

The dorsal fin, unlike a veil tail, is also quite huge and has a rounded rather than swooped appearance. Underneath the fish’s belly, the anal fin creates a large curtain. The fish looks like a blooming flower (to me, at least) because all three fins overlap each other.

In addition to the veil tail and crowntail, this variety is readily accessible in pet shops.

Depending on the individual fish, it may be more aggressive than veil tails.

The halfmoon tail is seen in the majority of butterfly Bettas. Since the anal, dorsal, and caudal fins overlap each other like flower petals, this makes the pattern even more beautiful.

Black Betta

Due to their deep black color, melano betta fish are the most popular of the three. Breeding them, on the other hand, may be difficult because the recessive gene that causes them to be so dark also makes female melanos infertile.

Although the females of the black lace betta fish are not infertile, they aren’t as dark as the melano. The metallic, or copper, black betta has scales that are only partially metallic in color, much like the black lace betta.

The black opal, black devil, and black ice types are just a few of the bi-color or marble betta fish species available.

Veiltail Betta

This is another widely available variation of the tail style.

A long, flowing downwards swooping tail distinguishes the male of this variation. It comes in a number of different hues and has an stunning overall appearance.

You should know that Betta fish comes in one of the simplest to breed varieties, as they are a dominant tail type over other types.

The female is once again distinct from the male. She does not possess any of the male’s remarkable characteristics, although she may sometimes be colorful. Females have less pigmentation and shorter fins and tails than males.

Double Tail

Two separate tails separate at the base of a double tail betta. The tails are not simply cleaved in two. The tails of the caudal peduncles connect there instead.

The dorsal and anal fins of double tail betta fish are also larger. However, when compared to other betta types, their bodies are often shorter.

Dumbo/Elephant Ear

The pectoral fins of Dumbo Bettas are abnormally large and have wide, ruffled margins. They may be up to 5 times bigger than typical.

The pectoral fins of bettas are typically used for a lot of their swimming. They’re constantly fluttering their ruffled fins as a result. With a huge feathered fan, it appears to be a dancer.

Since they’re difficult to breed, these fish can be difficult to come by in typical retail outlets.

Since their large pectoral fins may make swimming a bit tougher, make sure to provide them with a gentle current.

Blue Betta

The royal blue and turquoise blue bettas have a vibrant and rich blue coloring, with a hint of green in the case of the turquoise. Steel-blue bettas are grayish-blue in color and have a “blue wash” appearance.

Clear/Cellophane Betta

The clear betta fish has transparent skin with no pigmentation, and is frequently confused with the uncommon albino betta fish.

The color of these fish is a soft pink, however it is the color of the fish’s innards that can be seen via their skin. The skin tone has no bearing on the hue.

While these betta fish have no pigmentation in the tails or fins, they often appear to have green or blue tails; however, this is just the hue of light that passes through the water they are navigating.

Plakat Betta

Plakat bettas have short and spherical tails, which is unusual for most betta fish. They’re practically an outlier among the rest of the group. As compared to other forms, their fins are also rather short. The male, on the other hand, retains his gorgeous colors.

The classic form of this betta type would have been discovered in the wild. The Thai word plakad, which translates to “fighting fish,” is the source of the name plakat. These fish were often utilized in combat and raised on farms.

Spadetail

Its name comes from the caudal fin, which is shaped like a spade. Its tail has a gradually narrowing base.

The caudal fin has a single point rather than a round shape, which distinguishes it from a round tail betta.

Rosetail

Bettas with halfmoon tails were used to breed Rosetails. Their caudal fins are ruffled, with extra rays and branching. Their tails may stretch out to 180 degrees like a halfmoon, although the additional rays make it fold back and forth on itself.

They really do appear to be petals or a frilly gown.

The extra fin can slow down the fish’s swimming because it weighs them down.

And it’s simple to get the extra fin on things in the tank. Make sure there are no sharp or harsh edges on that gorgeous tail, as it might be damaged.

Others contend that the cost of these elegant tails is too high. Because dragging that huge tail is so difficult, Rosetails may become lethargic. Instead of swimming, they prefer to hide in a secluded area.

Rosetails’ tails also occasionally break the rays. As a result, they are more likely to be infected.

Tail biting is a type of behavior that they may develop. Its own tail is literally bitten off by the fish. The causes of tail biting are a source of great dispute, although it is clear that rose and feather tail Bettas are bitey all too often.

Rosetails are also more susceptible to life-threatening illnesses due to tail biting.

In addition, they may have a lower mortality rate than other types. This is possible due to substandard breeding methods that concentrate on producing a specified tail form rather than producing healthy fish.

They were developed from halfmoon Bettas, so they may be quite aggressive.

Chocolate Betta Fish

The common name for a well-liked kind of betta fish with a brown or tan body and stunning orange fins is ‘chocolate.’

Surprisingly, the color chocolate is not an officially recognized betta fish color, despite its popularity. These fish are bi-color brown and orange bettas, which should be referred to as such.

The chocolate bettas’ coloring matches that of mustard (see below) betta fish, which adds to the confusion.

Halfmoon Betta

Halfmoon Betta is a name that pretty much explains itself. Like the half-moon, the tail is wide and forms a half-circle.

This variety is only found in captivity, and it is not known to exist in the wild.

Betta shows often include Halfmoon Bettas, which are bred by experts. The Halfmoon Betta was first created in the 1980s and quickly made its way across Europe.

These fish are difficult to breed and have more aggressive tendencies than other species.

Orange Betta Fish

The Common Goldfish is the most common orange fish that people associate with. Solid orange betta fish, which look like goldfish in color, are however uncommon. A bright tangerine color is usually seen in orange bettas.

Full color-spectrum lighting in your fish tank is required if you want to keep orange betta fish, as poor lighting often makes them seem reddish rather than their true orange/tangerine color.

In addition, the orange dalmatian is a second betta fish that falls under the common orange color category. The fins of these fish are bright orange and they have a pale orange color. They are technically classified as a bi-color fish.

Over-half Moon

The fins of over-halfmoon bettas are similar to those of halfmoon bettas. The caudal fin will spread out over 180 degrees when flared, making it resemble a circle that is greater than half a circle.

Keep in mind that over-halfmoon bettas are frequently more aggressive than other bettas when it comes to aquarium maintenance. To avoid posing a danger, choose tank mates wisely. To prevent aggression, just keep a single male betta fish in a tank. The behavior of a male betta will not be affected by adding a female betta.

Feather Tail

A rosetail gone completely berserk is like a feather tail. They have a rosetail’s appearance with a crowntail’s demeanor. They have additional rays that resemble a rosetail, as well as fingers and webbing on the ends of their fins, giving them the appearance of feathers.

They are really lovely, as far as I can tell. As they go, their fins flutter around, making you feel like you’re drawn in.

Feather tails, like rosetails, are susceptible to ragged fins, shattered rays, tail biting, and shortened lifespans.

Green Betta

Solid green betta fish may range in color from turquoise to a deep green that appears almost black in certain lights. All green bettas have a metallic wash that shimmers in the light, which is the most common characteristic.

Elephant Ear Betta/Dumbo Betta

This is a one-of-a-kind fish that doesn’t belong to either the tail or color groups. Its pectoral fins are what makes it unique.

The shape of Elephant Ear Bettas, also known as Dumbo Bettas, is rather unusual. The fins of this variation are frequently quite humorous, and they have brilliant striking colors.

The two pectoral fins, which look like elephant ears, are given the name.

In addition, they are found in the wild, with a more muted green and grey and brown coloration. Bright blue, turquoise, red, and yellow are among the aquarium trade’s more vivid hues.

Half Sun

Selective breeding of crown tail and halfmoon bettas resulted in the half sun betta. It has an expanded caudal fin webbing, similar to the crown tail, and a 180-spread like the halfmoon.

A half-grown Siamese fighting fish may be lovely, but it can be quite vicious. To keep in the fish tank, be selective about betta varieties.

Mustard Betta Fish

Betta fish with mustard are abundant. They have a dark-colored body with a transparent orange tail and fins, similar to the chocolate betta.

Mustard betta fish have a blue or green body with a black tail on its outer tips, whereas chocolate bettas have a brown body.