Type of Lobster

Are you a person who enjoys lobsters quite a lot? If you said yes, you ought to be familiar with the many kinds of lobster that are available at your establishment.

What percentage of lobsters are different from one another? There are several varieties of lobster that are found in various parts of the world, but unfortunately not all of them are edible. You will learn everything there is to know about them by reading this article. Keep reading!

Characteristics common of lobsters

Because lobsters must molt, or lose their shells in order to develop, certain seasons correspond to the hard shell and other seasons correspond to the soft shell. They do this by injecting water into their own flesh, which causes it to swell up and build a shell with more space inside of it. The taste of this meat is distinct despite its high water content.

Different preparation methods are required for hard shell and soft shell lobsters. This is due to the fact that soft shell lobsters are more delicate than hard shell lobsters and are also more difficult to transport. There are two primary varieties of lobster: those that live in cold water and those that live in warm water. If you want the flesh from the claws of the lobster, you should look for one that was raised in cold water.

As a result, Fishermen’s Net will categorize the many species of lobster based on the specific conditions of the water in which they are found.

Different Types of Lobster

If someone mentions lobsters to you, there is a good chance that you will either think about British troops or become hungry. However, there is a great deal more to lobsters than first appears to be the case.

The only things that may kill these peculiar arthropods are illness or a break in their exoskeleton. They are theoretically immortal. As a consequence of this, the dish that you are contemplating may perhaps be older than you!

One more thing that you might not be aware of is the fact that there are a great many distinct species of lobsters in the world. These arthropods belong to a total of 15 distinct genera, and they may be further broken down into between 80 and 90 distinct species.

Lobsters are sometimes subdivided into a number of distinct varieties on the basis of their outward appearance, such as the shape of their claws or the temperature of the water in which they live.

This classification system serves the purpose of making it easier to differentiate between the various The following list includes 11 of such sorts, some of which may come as a surprise to you.

Clawed Lobsters

The lobster with claws is the most common type, and hence the one that comes to mind first when thinking about lobsters. They have a total of five pairs of limbs, and out of those five pairs, they have three pairs of claws.

The fishing business places a particularly high value on these lobsters because they are the ones that are eaten the most frequently and because they are the ones that are most likely to be presented to you on a platter if you place an order at a ritzy restaurant.

Lobsters from both Europe and the United States fall under this category.


This genus is home to around 15 different species, including three that were unearthed from their fossilized ancestors. These lobsters, also known as scampi, are very significant to the fishing industry; the Australian and New Zealand varieties of scampi are the ones that are collected the most frequently.

They do not exhibit sexual dimorphism, and the sizes and functions of their claws are same across the species.

Blue Lobster

False lobsters are really a sort of crayfish that may be found all throughout Australia. They are most commonly referred to by their more popular name, the common yabby. In spite of possessing a body that is quite similar to that of a lobster, these little crustaceans are able to flourish in surroundings containing either warm or cold water.

The common yabby was brought to the Indian subcontinent, Southern Africa, and portions of Europe along the Mediterranean due to its popularity in the commercial fishing industry.


The term “spiny” refers to the sharp spines that cover the body of these giant lobsters, which are shaped like cylinders and cover the whole animal. Their antennae are long and whip-like, and their eyes are quite little and pigmentless, although they have a lot of them.

Reef Lobsters

There are 11 different species of reef lobsters, which are all classified under the genus Enoplometopus. Although reef lobsters are also of the clawed kind, they are distinct from clawed lobsters in one important respect: instead of having claws on all three of their limbs, reef lobsters have a single, huge pair of claws on the first of their three legs.

They have brilliant coloring, and some of them even have splotches of purple or lavender on them.


Nephropides caribaeus is the sole species in the genus Nephropides, and it lives in the western sections of the Caribbean Sea. The genus Nephropides contains no other species.

It may reach a length of around 7 inches and is covered with odd-looking tubercles all over its body. It is a species of deep water that lives in the murky depths of the ocean.

Clawed Lobster

There are just two common species of clawed lobster: the American lobster, sometimes known as the Maine lobster, and the European lobster. Despite being the most identifiable, there are only these two kinds.

These lobsters have five sets of limbs, and out of those five sets, three of their limbs contain claws. If you order lobster at a restaurant or buy one in a store, the lobster will probably have claws if it is a clawed lobster.

It is important to take note of the fact that a third species of clawed lobster, known as the cape lobster, may be found in incredibly low numbers close to the coast of South Africa. Although just around a dozen living individuals have ever been seen, their skeletons have been preserved and can be seen in museums all over the world.


There are four different species that belong to this genus, and each one can only be found in the western Atlantic Ocean. Among them are the em>i>Eunephrops bairdii, /i>/em>which is the classic red lobster and can be found about 230-360 meters deep in the ocean, and the em>i>Eunephrops cadenasi,/i>/em>which has a cylindrical body and enlarged first claws.

Other species include em>i>Eunephrops manningi/i>/em>, which is found in the Florida Straits, and em>i>Eunephrops luckhurst/i>, which is found in the Atlantic Ocean.

Spiny Lobsters

The term “clawless lobster” refers to any species of the crustacean that does not have any claws on the anterior portion of its body; this category includes a number of different species. The term “spiny” refers to the extremely robust and disproportionately large antennae that are characteristic of these crustaceans; this trait is where the term originates.

These crustaceans are nocturnal in their behavior and feed on algae, snails, crabs, and several other tiny organisms that reside on the bottom of the ocean floor. If they are found nearby, it indicates that the ecosystem is robust and has a variety of life forms, which is a good sign.

The mass movement that spiny lobsters engage in following rainstorms in their habitat is the phenomenon for which they are most known.


There are around five known species of lobsters that live in the deep water, and they all belong to the family Thaumastochelidae. Three of these species are found in the genus Thaumastocheles, while the other two are found in the genus Thaumastochelopsis.

Recent research led to the identification of a fifth species, which is now generally accepted to be a member of the Nephropidae family of lobsters.

These animals are completely blind, which is an evolutionary feature that developed as an adaptation to deep-sea existence. In addition, just one of their chelae is very long and spiny, setting them different from other types of clawed lobsters.

Slipper Lobsters

Slipper lobsters are easily identifiable by the absence of front claws and the presence of elongated antennae. It appears as though their features have been compressed due to the fact that they have a flattened appearance.

Because of the fact that they spend the day buried in the mud rather than lazing in cracks and crevices like other lobsters do, these crustaceans are not highly prized for their culinary potential.

False Lobster

As a result of the striking similarity in appearance shared by many species of crustaceans, numerous species are frequently misidentified as being related to lobsters even if they are not.

Many different kinds of crayfish are frequently mistaken for lobsters, and some of these crayfish have even been given popular names that include the word “lobster” (such as the “blue lobster” described earlier).

Furry Lobsters

The fuzzy lobster is the type of lobster that Jim Henson would create if he had the ability. These strange creatures get their group name from the small hairs that cover their limbs, giving them a unique appearance. In a similar vein, the fact that they like to live in environments with rocks and corals has led to their being referred to as “coral lobsters.”

Traditional fishing methods have not been successful in catching any of the individuals of this species, despite the fact that their range extends as far as the Pacific and Indian seas. Instead, fisherman are required to capture them using a spear or by hand.

Hoploparia and Nephropsis

There are no living species on Hoploparia; all of its inhabitants are extinct and could only be identified via careful examination of remains. There are over forty distinct species of fossil lobsters, and they were predators that lived during the Jurassic and Paleogene eras.

These fossil lobsters were discovered in sediments spanning Europe, Argentina, Canada, and the United States.

The genus Nephropsis, on the other hand, is home to 15 different species that have been found in different regions of the world.

Squat Lobsters

Squat lobsters are a one-of-a-kind hybrid of lobsters and shrimp, however they are not considered to be “real” lobsters since they are more closely related to other crustaceans, such as crabs and hermit crabs, on the family tree.

They make their nests in the many fissures and crannies that can be found in rocks, but when searching for food, they burrow into the sand.

The variety and diversity that is seen in its coloring is one of the aspects that makes them particularly attractive. Even though there are hundreds of different species of squat lobsters, the “yeti crab” is one of the most well-known of all of them.

True Lobster

True lobsters are distinguished from other crustaceans by a number of unique genetic and morphological characteristics that set them apart from other species.

These discrepancies may frequently be traced back to the genetic level. As a consequence of this, numerous subspecies of the real lobster have been confused with other crustacean species, but not to the same extent as other crustaceans have been confused with lobsters.

Warm or Cold Water Lobster?

Lobsters are classified as either warm water or cold water kinds depending on their anatomy as well as the temperature of the water in which they are gathered.

This is true even though all lobsters go through seasons in which their shells are soft and then rigid. Let’s have a look at the different kinds of lobsters that fit within each group.

Cold Water Lobster

These lobsters belong to the family Nephropidae and are also referred to as “real” or “clawed” lobsters due to the three pairs of claws that are prominently displayed on their bodies.

When going out to dine or shopping at a market, encountering one of these clawed monsters has become an expected part of the experience. The fact that the claw meat is more popular than the tail meat contributes to the cold-water lobster’s status as a delicacy in many parts of the world.

Canadian lobster

The Atlantic Ocean off the east coast of Canada is where Canadian lobster is caught for consumption. You may either obtain a hard shell or a soft shell, and it all depends on when it was collected.

The Canadian lobster harvesting season is split up into two halves so as not to disrupt the population of lobsters when they are molting in the summer.

According to TasteLobster.ca, this kind of harvesting helps to prevent significant drops in the lobster population.

French Blue Lobsters

The French Blue Lobster, also known as the Breton Lobster, the Bretagne Lobster, or the Brittany Lobster, is famous for having a dark blue shell that, when cooked, develops a brick red color.

In spite of the fact that they are well known as a delicacy native to the Brittany region, the majority of them are brought into the region from either Ireland or Scotland. Because they reside in waters that are only a few feet deep, their flesh is dense and imparts a pronounced taste of the sea.

The flavor, according to devotees of Breton lobster, is very emphasized; this is a lobster for people who adore shellfish!

Maine lobsters​

Lobsters found in Maine and Canada belong to the same species, which is scientifically referred to as Homarus americanus. The lobsters from Maine and Canada would most likely be your top choices if you want the flesh from the claws.

Warm Water Lobster

Because they are actually a species of large crawfish and do not belong to the family Nephropidae, which is comprised of lobsters, these varieties are collectively known as the “rock lobster,” “spiny lobster,” or “false lobster.” This is due to the fact that the family Nephropidae is comprised of lobsters.

They have 5 appendages, however their front paws do not have any claws on them. Instead, what most people think are their front legs are actually a big pair of antennas that extend from their head.

Pacific Lobster​

The front claws of a rock or spiny lobster, sometimes known as a Pacific lobster, are not well defined. They are typically between one and five pounds when they are ready to be harvested, although they can go as large as fifteen pounds.

They are good sources of lobster tail and, usually speaking, are available at a lower cost than cold water lobster. According to PacSeaFood.com, the winter months are when the greatest number of these lobsters are caught and harvested.

South African lobster​

The South African lobster is a species of warm-water lobster that differs from other lobsters in having long appendages rather than claws that act as antennae. Lobsters have broad tails, which allow them to swiftly retreat when they are scared but cause them to move slowly while they are moving forward.

Even though South African lobsters are not related to other species of lobsters that dwell in cold water, they do inhabit cold water. They mature more slowly than Caribbean lobsters and have a flavor all their own because to the muscular aspect of their tails, which gives them their name.

California Lobsters

The Monterey Bay area in California all the way down to Mexico is home to a kind of spiny lobster known as the California Lobster. This species is one of the biggest.

They may go as long as 60 centimeters (24 inches) in length and are caught both for commercial and recreational purposes. Since the Chinese market is willing to pay up to three times as much as the local market, ninety-five percent of them are sent there. On the western coast of the United States, these lobsters have the greatest commercial significance.

Australian lobster

There is a choice between green and red lobsters when purchasing an Australian lobster.

The Jasus Verrauxi is a one-of-a-kind species of lobster that is caught off the coast of Australia’s northwest corner. Most lobsters have colors ranging from red to brown, and their tails are frequently speckled.

This particular lobster is well-known for having a flavor that is soft and subtle, in addition to having a stunning green shell. Each of these delectable tails clocks in at a weight of between eight and ten ounces. ​