In Pennsylvania, there are only 7 species of tree frogs out of approximately 800 species worldwide. Technically speaking, a tree frog is not one that lives in trees. The ability to climb trees is provided by a claw-shaped bone and unique toe pads in the toes of real tree frogs. These toe pads have been lost by species that dwell below earth.
There are 16.8 million acres of forest area in Pennsylvania, and several animal species call these regions home. Pennsylvania also boasts more than 4,000 lakes, reservoirs, and ponds in addition to 83,184 miles of streams and rivers. Trees provide a huge home for tree frogs since they must be near water and must dwell in trees.
After all of that, let’s have a look at the tree frogs of Pennsylvania!
12 Types Of Tree Frogs In Pennsylvania
The northern cricket frog, spring peeper, eastern gray tree frog, mountain chorus frog, western chorus frog, upland chorus frog, and new jersey chorus frog are the seven tree frogs found in Pennsylvania.
In Pennsylvania, you may find these small tree frogs all around the state.
Spring Peepers are generally seen on the forest floor amid the leaves. They do, however, have substantial toe pads that they employ when climbing trees.
They reproduce and deposit eggs in ponds and other small bodies of water in the spring. The baby tree frogs spend around three months as tadpoles after hatching before emerging from the water.
The name “Spring Peepers” refers to their characteristic spring chorus. They are said to resemble the “peep” of young chickens. They are most frequently heard in the early spring! WATCH BELOW!
Northern Cricket Frog
A little species, the northern cricket frog is. It simply measures between 5/8 to 1 3/8 of an inch. In Pennsylvania’s southeast, you can find it. Its range stretches westward to the borderlands of Texas and eastward from Long Island to the Florida panhandle.
The cricket frog has warty, rough skin resembling a toad, in contrast to other tree frogs. It has a black stripe on either side of its gray body. On its head, it bears a black triangular form.
The ability of cricket frogs to blend in with the grass along to the beach thanks to their colour makes them challenging to notice.
When swimming, it favors tiny streams and shallow ponds. It prefers forested regions with abundance of shelter and spends the most of its time there.
The cricket frog can jump far because to its long legs. This talent is used to collect insects, frequently in midair.
A neck pouch is used by the male frog to make calls. The frog’s name probably derives from the sound it makes, which is like to a cricket. The call lasts for 20 to 30 beats and begins gently before picking in pace.
Pennsylvania is home to the American Bullfrog, which may be found in many of the state’s natural water sources. Common living spaces include ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, creeks, and backwaters.
Bullfrogs are found in artificial water sources and are so territorial that they have been known to drive away other frog species. These animals are well-known for their low-pitched mating cry, which may be heard as dusk falls.
The biggest species of frog in Pennsylvania and North America is the American Bullfrog. This species is huge in every way, including its enormous head, sturdy torso, and powerful, muscular legs. Bullfrogs have a white to yellowish bottom and are green to brownish in hue. On the side of its cheek, its huge, uncovered tympanum is seen.
The dorsal skin of this frog is smooth with a few little bumps. Its back may be covered in microscopic black spots. This species is frequently confused with the green frog, although the positioning of the dorsolateral fold can help tell them apart.
The American Bullfrog ambushes victims and consumes a variety of foods. They consume tiny birds, crayfish, lizards, snakes, and rodents among other things. This frog is a scavenger and will consume whatever it can. Bullfrogs are territorial and have a thriving population.
They are known to drive other frogs from their environment and are regarded as invasive in some places. The most frequent predator of this species is large water fowl, however people often eat bullfrogs for their delectable legs.
Gray Tree Frog
This amazing tree frog can gradually alter its color to blend in with the surface it is perched on. And you thought the only animals that can alter their color are chameleons! They might be brown, green, or gray. They frequently have a speckled colour on their back that resembles lichen.
In Pennsylvania, gray tree frogs may be found almost anywhere. They may be found in a broad range of woody environments, including backyards, woodlands, and swamps.
Until it’s time to reproduce, they remain on the trees. Gray Tree Frogs like to mate and lay their eggs in fishless forest ponds. Swamps and garden water features will also be utilized.
Keep an ear out for a high trill that lasts for approximately a second and is most prevalent in the spring and summer.
Cope’s Gray Tree Frogs and other gray tree frogs are virtually identical. Listening to their breeding cries is the only method to distinguish between the two. Visit this link to find out more.
Eastern Gray Treefrog
With a size range of 1 1/4 to two inches, the Eastern Gray Treefrog is bigger. As the name implies, it is frequently gray in hue. Brown or green are other options. It may be easily identified because to a black spot on its back. It has a brilliant yellow or orange underside. There will be warts and rough skin.
Nearly the entire state of Pennsylvania is home to it. Sightings are disputed when it comes to the Allegheny Mountains. With the exception of Maine and southern Florida, it covers the most of the Eastern United States.
Small trees or bushes around or emerging from permeable bodies of water are preferred by gray tree frogs. Most of the time, it stays in the trees. It descends at night to reproduce and call.
The frogs start calling from up in the woods. It eventually descends to the ground close to the nesting area. In the spring and early summer around dusk, they call most frequently.
Eastern American Toad
In a range of environments, the Eastern American Toad may be found all throughout Pennsylvania. This species will live in habitats such as grassy fields, wooded places, and rocky mountains in the deep wilderness.
For breeding, they favor wet locations with shallow seas. If it satisfies its demands for habitation, it can also be found in residential settings.
Because they are nocturnal, this species hides in crevices and under natural objects. Although it has a robust population, daytime sightings are uncommon. It may exist in both hot and cold areas. This species is also known as “The Hopping Toad” because it hops rather than leaps.
The hue of an Eastern American toad might be brown, olive, or brick red. Its body is covered with designs that are yellowish. Some toads have a stripe running down the middle of their backs, and others have light-colored bellies with spots on the chest.
They have a few warts inside each of the dark patches on their back. The warts might be dark brown, red, yellow, or orange in color.
Large eyes with a golden iris protrude far above the toad’s head. This species mates in March, and male sounds are audible. It sings for around 30 seconds, during which time its neck enlarges to the size of its head.
This toad feeds on invertebrates including worms, mosquitoes, and other insects. Ina gardens can aid in reducing the number of pests. It hunts with skill and may grab prey by flicking its tongue roughly two inches in front of its face. Instead of being at the back, it has its tongue in the front. In Pennsylvania, this species has a thriving population and is active all year long. In the winter, they hibernate.
Mountain chorus frog
More frequently than not, one hears the mountain chorus frog. These nocturnal frogs may reach lengths of 1-1 1/4 inches and have excellent leaping abilities. In actuality, they prefer to move by leaping.
It is located in the southern section of the state west of the Allegheny Mountains, with Pennsylvania serving as its northernmost range. It can be found from Alabama through southern Ohio.
It can be either green or light brown. It has a bright underside. On its back, it bears two black stripes that curl inward to form an x pattern. Over each eye is a stripe as well.
Although the foot pads of the chorus frog are present, they are significantly smaller than those of the peeper and eastern tree frog.
Mountainous or wooded settings are preferred by the mountain chorus frog. Mountain streams and creeks provide its water. It can also be found far from any body of water, though.
With the arrival of spring showers, mountain chorus frogs start calling. They often make their calls close to the water while hiding in the grass or the foliage at various hours of the day and night. The high-pitched squeak of the mountain chorus frog.
In most cases, they forage on the ground, snatching insects off weeds and plants.
The lowland, open habitat of the Fowlers Toad is near flowing waterways like rivers or streams. They may be found in roughly half of Pennsylvania, where they are dispersed. It can occasionally be found in locations with a transient water source, like marshes.
At night, it is active and roams the gardens and landscapes. They will take a nap during the day in caves and other hiding places. Wintertime hibernation lasts until the temperature rises, at which point it is over.
This toad is swift and lean. It features dry skin that is brown, gray, or occasionally green in hue. The frog’s back is covered with yellow spots and a white stripe.
This Eastern American toad, which resembles a frog, has three warts hidden among its black blotches. It makes a low, sheep-like mating cry that lasts for three to four seconds.
Its primary food source is insects, and it hunts primarily at night. Since light attracts insects, you can find these toads in regions with a lot of light. This species is not threatened and is rather common.
Since it spends the most of the day underground and close to densely forested areas, it is frequently invisible. The majority of its exploration occurs while people are asleep and can occur in residential areas.
Western chorus frog
The western chorus frog reaches a length of 3/4 to 1 1/2 inches. Outside of the mating season, it is hard to find. It is nocturnal and, when not looking for a mate, spends the most of its time in hiding.
Its skin is tan, light brown, gray, green, or gray. It has an off-white tint for its tummy. On its back, it has three stripes, and there are two more on either side near the nostrils.
It is located west of the Allegheny Mountains, as the name would imply. It is situated halfway between the mountain range and the state boundary of Ohio.
Its diverse habitat consists of grasslands, swamps, and agricultural regions. Both moist and dry soil are favorable for chorus frogs. During the winter, they hide out in abandoned burrows, dense grass, or beneath big boulders.
Western chorus frogs start singing early in the year, frequently before the ice has melted, and they reproduce close to water sources. One to two seconds pass during the call, which is repeated multiple times. From February through June is the breeding season.
They consume larvae of insects as well as other tiny invertebrates.
The Northern Green Frog is a very aquatic species that is widespread in Pennsylvania. This frog inhabits streams, bogs, rivers, and other bodies of water, preferring to dwell near shallow water. The species is quite active. Most of the time, it will venture out at night, but on occasion, it will forage during the day.
Their low, twangy sounds can be heard close to shallow water in the spring, when mating takes place. If it doesn’t get too cold, they won’t burrow and won’t go into hibernation.
Frogs that are green might also be brownish or tan. They have various-sized black dots all over them. They are a medium-sized species that are distinguished by having green heads and lips. Males will have yellow throats, while females will have necks that are darker and more speckled.
Its tummy is white with stripes extending from it. The Bullfrog and this frog are quite similar, however the dorsolateral folds on the green frog reach above the eardrum.
Both vertebrates and invertebrates are prey to the green frog. They eat a range of species that are in or close to aquatic habitats. Among the prey items for this species are fish, crayfish, dragonflies, and water striders. Because they are so widespread and are an easy species for beginners, green frogs are kept as pets.
Upland chorus frog
The mountain chorus frog and the upland chorus frog are quite similar. They may be found around Allegheny Mountain. They are only 3/4 to 1 1/2 inches in size.
Color and markings might differ. Typically, they are light brown, gray, or green. Their bodies are marked with a black stripe on either side. The legs feature bars or black patches.
They favor meadows, marshes, and wooded areas. They frequently hang out in the water during the mating season and breed close to bodies of water.
In Pennsylvania’s vernal pools, a species of wood frog that is extensively dispersed over North America, is found. It is renowned for its great frost resistance and terrestrial nature. Long-distance migrants, this species may also be found in freshwater marshes, ravines, and other habitats on the uplands.
Adults migrate to the wooded areas during the summer to hibernate. One of the first species to appear after the snow melts is the wood frog.
It is a tiny frog that comes in many tones of brown, tan, and rust. It has a distinctive appearance with black markings that surround its eyes and continue to its snout. It has a green, white, or yellow stomach. Its appearance aids in blending with leaf litter, and its quick, lengthy jumps aid in hiding in the vegetation.
The food source for wood frogs is insects, and they hunt often. They will pursue after prey while having their mouths open and sticking out their tongue and jaw. Due to its resilience to freezing, it remains active for longer periods of time.
This species may be found on land or in water, and it has a thriving population. Some populations have been dispersed by urbanization, and this species depends heavily on wetlands for reproduction.
As you can see, Pennsylvania is home to a sizable number of frogs, many of which are worth looking for. Some, like the Mountain Chorus Frog, have intriguing mating cries, while others, like the leopard frogs, have intriguing colors and patterns.
We advise finding a professional breeder to get one of these incredible animals captive-bred if you want to keep it as a pet so you don’t disturb the habitat.
This concise instruction should have been enjoyable for you and assisted with your questions, we hope. Please share this list of the eight frogs found in Pennsylvania on Facebook and Twitter if we were able to assist you in finding your new pet.