Spiders In NJ

Do you dread spiders? Do you get tingling in your spine and shivers running up and down your back at the mere sight of them? Did you know that your phobia of spiders may be genetically based? Your hair may even stand on end if one is in the room.

According to research, you can be so afraid of spiders because of a childhood trauma or because of your ancestry. Whether you like them or not, if you live in New Jersey you will undoubtedly run into a few. Strangely enough, a lot of people incorrectly refer to spiders as insects or bugs.

Due to their eight jointed legs and two unique body segments, they are truly an arachnid. They are linked to crayfish, which implies they are also related to lobster, which is another startling truth. They are not your typical insect that persists in your house, then.

The majority of people are unaware that spiders have a function. Spiders catch and eat insects like flies, moths, cockroaches, earwigs, and mosquitoes. You might find it simpler to relax on your porch if you don’t have that spider hanging out in your window.

The fact that they managed to capture something that can make you insane while attempting to appreciate nature is a plus. You must educate yourself since not all spiders are made equal.

Common Spiders Found In New Jersey

Unlike the black widow or the brown recluse, an innocent orb-weaver lacks the ability to render you helpless. However, as many people kill spiders unintentionally, you must know which species are dangerous to have around and which ones are okay to keep.

Although a spider infestation should be taken seriously, those who are peacefully residing in their natural environment shouldn’t be killed. Here are the top 11 spiders that we encounter in the Garden State.

Missing Sector Orb Weaver

The silver-sided sector spider, Zygiella x-notata, is another name for the missing sector orb weaver. It belongs to the Araneidae family of orb-weavers and is renowned for being solitary. It is widespread over most of the world, including New Jersey, despite being mostly found in Europe.

Males normally measure approximately 7 millimeters in length, while adult females range in length from 5 to 11 millimeters. The characteristic silvery sheen on their abdomens is whence they get their name. Females have black patterns on the abdomen, and the cephalothorax has a yellowish-brown color.

Of all the spiders in New Jersey, the missing sector orb weaver creates one of the most recognized web patterns. The top half of the web typically lacks a sector. Every day, a missing sector orb weaver will create a new web to capture prey.

Although you may frequently locate it close to human dwellings, it seldom bites people and doesn’t represent much of a hazard.

Wolf Spider

One of the most well-known spiders in New Jersey is the wolf spider.

They may be located practically anywhere and in any type of environment. I am aware that I frequently observe them when turning over rocks or logs. Sadly, there are so many different types of wolf spiders that it would be hard to include them all here, especially given how similar most of them all appear.

It’s interesting to note that Wolf Spiders don’t use webs to capture prey. Instead, they watch for passing insects before chasing them down. Some wolf spiders may dig a tunnel and wait inside while they await prey to pass by. The majority of wolf spiders are nomadic and always live and hunt alone.

Wolf Spiders are among the arachnids with the best vision. Additionally, they have retroreflective tissue in their eyes that glows when you shine a light in their direction.

When threatened, wolf spiders will bite, albeit not necessarily with venom. They are therefore not regarded as hazardous to people. The few indications of a bite may include slight discomfort, swelling, and itching.

American Grass Spiders

The American grass spider is probably something you’ve seen thousands of times but never knew its full name. Their bodies may measure up to 20 mm in length, making them on the bigger side. They’re easy to spot because of the way their eyes are arranged.

They have a total of eight eyes, which are divided into three different rows. There are two eyes in the first row, four in the center, and two more eyes on the bottom tier. The eight legs of these spiders are predominantly brown with a darker pair of bands running longitude.

The mixture may contain some yellowish-brown hue fluctuations, nevertheless. They have two spinnerets, which are rather noticeable on their back part, and they utilize them to spin their webs.

Additionally, the bands on their legs are rather obvious, which makes it simpler to recognize them. The poison they inject if they bite you won’t be harmful to people. A single puncture, however, paralyzes their prey, and they fall victim to their web of pain.

Xysticus Auctificus

One of the spiders in New Jersey known solely by their scientific name is Xysticus auctificus. It approximately translates to “the growing scraped crab spider” if you tried to translate it into English. It is found all throughout North America and is a member of the crab spider family Thomisidae.

Males only reach adult lengths of 3 to 5 millimeters, while females reach a maximum length of 10 millimeters. They often have shorter, thicker legs than flower crab spiders.

They mostly have an orangish-brown appearance, despite the fact that the abdomen is often cream-colored. They also have a faint V-shaped pattern on the cephalothorax and black markings on the belly.

Like other crab spiders, Xysticus auctificus is a hunter who actively pursues prey without the use of webs. Instead, it glides slowly across the ground or through vegetation, grabbing any nearby victim before biting it with venom.

Cellar Spider

You know that one spider in the basement corner that seems to be there all the time?

The Cellar Spider is most likely what it is. In New Jersey, homes and buildings are frequently infested by these long, slender, and fragile arachnids. Some of these spiders wind up getting sucked into the vacuum every time I vacuum my basement.

When their web is disturbed by touch or has trapped enormous prey, cellar spiders take an exciting action. They begin vibrating quickly, which has caused them to occasionally be referred to as “vibrating spiders.”

They engage in this action to avoid being seen by predators or to improve their chances of catching a bug that stroked their web, which would further entangle their victim.

It is advantageous to have cellar spiders around since they have been seen to hunt down and eliminate deadly spiders.

Hacklemesh Weavers

The hacklemesh weaver prefers to stay outside, either in a woodpile or under leaf litter, thus they won’t often enter a house. If you lift a stone in your yard, you might even be able to see them. These are forest critters, and they enjoy the dim, moist surroundings that nature provides.

However, during the damp months of fall and winter, if they do manage to get inside your house, it will be through your cellar or basement. These spiders are not venomous and are not aggressive. Sadly, they have a terrible reputation because of how similar they appear to the brown recluse.

The distinction is the black “violin” silhouette on their bodies. They frequently lack symmetry and intrigue, so the webs they create won’t inspire surprise or amazement in you.

This spider may be recognized by its color, which can range from red to brown, and by the hair that covers its body. These spiders range in size from 6 to 11 mm on average, and they are distinguished by their broad, bubbling hind side.

Basilica Orb Weaver

The basilica orb weaver is the most well-known name for Mecynogea lemniscata. It is one of New Jersey’s orb-weaving spiders with the brightest decorations. Although it is mostly prevalent in the east, it also occurs in a few central and western states.

Female basilica orb weavers are bigger than males and range in length from 5 to 9 millimeters as adults. The abdomen is not spherical like that of other orb weavers, but rather seems rectangular.

The lengthy abdomen has inlays of orange, brown, yellow, and black that are bordered by slender red and white lines on the dorsal side. The carapace, meanwhile, resembles a cat’s eye with brown rims, an orange iris, and a black line running down the middle.

Although they are Araneidae, basilica orb-weavers create dome-shaped webs to ensnare victims. It’s interesting that they just build new webs when necessary rather than repairing broken ones. There is no medicinal significance to their bite.

Black Widow

The most poisonous spiders in New Jersey are black widows!

They are also most likely the most well-known and identifiable spider in the world. The red mark in the shape of an hourglass that emerges on the females is recognizable by almost everyone.

They are not aggressive creatures despite having venom that is 15 times more potent than that of a rattlesnake and is extremely lethal. The Black Widow RARELY attacks people and only bites in self-defense if her web is disrupted.

However, you should be aware that the venom damages your nervous system if you are one among the few unfortunate individuals who are bitten each year.

Many individuals react severely to it, whereas some people are very minimally impacted. If you are bitten, get medical assistance right away since the neurotoxic venom from the bite can be lethal to young children if left untreated.

Black Widows favor poorly light regions, basement nooks, closets, and crowded spaces.

The best areas to look for them are on ledges that are overhanging, behind benches or stones, next to the entrances of rodent tunnels that have been abandoned, or close to sheds. They like dry places because they dislike wetness.

Yellow Garden Spiders

These yellow garden spiders, often known as banana spiders, are interesting. They may be fairly enormous, measuring up to an inch. The female is almost always three times as conspicuous as the male. These critters are expert weavers of webs, and their circular web is beautifully constructed.

This is due to the claws on each foot, which enable them to create these intricate patterns. While they have a dazzling yellow color, the spider’s base has a dark reddish-brown to black color. Both are rather remarkable, albeit the female is more vibrant.

Despite having poison, the yellow garden spider won’t hurt you. But they use it to aid in capturing their prey.

They can be bees and all other common insects due to their sheer size. A fascinating detail about this spider is that it makes sure birds can see its webs by weaving them in a zigzag fashion.

They want larger creatures to see this region they’ve worked so hard to create and steer clear of it. This spider may consume the web and spend the entire night spinning a new one with a different pattern if it becomes bored or wants to switch up the décor.

Rabid Wolf Spider

The Lycosidae wolf spider family includes the rabid wolf spider, Rabidosa rabida. This huge spider is widespread over most of the eastern United States, including New Jersey. Its erratic motions, which give the impression that it is rabid, give rise to its moniker.

Males are around 13 millimeters long and adult females range in length from 16 to 21 millimeters. Some females can grow to a maximum size of 25 millimeters. Except for two dark brown stripes running down the cephalothorax and one dark stripe running down the middle of the abdomen, these spiders have a mostly yellow appearance.

Rabid wolf spiders hunt actively and do not utilize webs to capture prey, like other members of their family. Despite their enormous size and intimidating moniker, people are not much at risk from their bite.

Trapdoor Spider

Unlike the majority of spiders in New Jersey, trapdoor spiders do not spin webs.

Instead, they create silk-covered tunnels that are buried, and to seal their entry, they install a hinged door. You can see how they got their moniker “Trapdoor” from this.

Spiders that live in trapdoors may move quickly and have two huge teeth for capturing food. Therefore, the victim is in serious peril once it gets close to the tunnel because the Trapdoor Spider will catch it.

Trapdoor Spiders, fortunately, are not hostile and typically go underground before any humans approach them.

When a bite does happen, it usually just causes little discomfort and poses no threat.

Cross Orb Weaver

The cross-orb weaver is another member of the orb family. They can easily weave magnificent webs thanks to the strength of their legs.

The bigger of the species, females can grow to a maximum length of 20 mm. Males only grow to a maximum of 13 mm. The range of hues is fairly wide since they may range from yellow to gray. The cross mark that develops on the dorsal abdomen is one of the most frequent features that may be used to identify this spider.

These spiders are intriguing because they spin incredibly large and intricate silken webs. Researchers have discovered webs up to 40 cm in diameter, which is significant for such a little critter. Although the cross orb can bite you, it won’t be harmful.

It won’t be a fun experience, though. They are larger than you and may strike hard if you get into a fight.

Dark Fishing Spider

The black fishing spider, also known as Dolomedes tenebrosus, is a member of the Pisauridae family of nursery web spiders. These spiders are common over most of the central and eastern United States as well as Canada, including New Jersey.

Female adults can grow to a maximum length of 2.5 cm. Males, on the other hand, are often only around half that size. Their legs are covered with black patches and spines, and they have a mostly light brown appearance. Usually, you may recognize them by the distinctive dark W-shaped marks on their belly.

Spiders that hunt at night do not construct webs to capture their prey. Instead, they catch insects and even tiny fish from the water by using their lengthy legs as fishing lures. Additionally, they have the ability to swim under the water to locate food or sprint briefly across the water’s surface.

Despite the fact that they can bite humans, they normally flee from them and their bites are not harmful medically.

Giant Lichen Orb Weaver Spider

In the forests of New Jersey, you may see giant lichen orb weavers on trees covered in lichens, which is how they received part of their name.

These spiders produce GIANT webs with a diameter of up to 8 feet (2.4 m). The “giant” aspect of their moniker derives from this. I would hate to accidently step through this web!

Due to their nocturnal habits and preference for hiding during the day, they are protected from birds and other predators.

American Nursery Web Spider

The brown, long-legged Nursery Web Spider is a species that is unique to the eastern United States. The American Nursery Web Spider has long, thin legs, a light brown body, and some yellowish markings along its abdomen.

It is frequently mistaken for Wolf Spiders. This species’ bites are not harmful and only result in very minor adverse effects.

Knowing When To Call For Help

Even though 98 percent of spiders are not dangerous, finding them in your house might be unsettling. The presence of a single spider is not alarming, but if you encounter several of them, you should get assistance. You should address this problem soon away since some spiders, like the recluse, have the ability to do harm to life or limb.

Local home’s spider problem may be identified and eliminated with the assistance of your New Jersey pest control specialists. Even if the majority of the information you hear is more hype than reality, it is still preferable to acquire assistance and establish a formal identification.