Spiders In Mississippi

Mississippi has a long history that highlights both the state’s natural beauty and significance to the growth of the United States. After all, the magnolia flower, which flourishes all across the state, gave rise to the moniker “Magnolia State.”

Mockingbirds and alligators are only a couple of the many flora and creatures that call the state home. Numerous spider species, including orb weavers and wolf spiders, are also found throughout the state. Here is a list of the top 10 spiders in Mississippi, which can be found all around the Magnolia State.

Wolf Spider

One of the most well-known spiders in Mississippi is the wolf spider.

They may be located practically anywhere and in any type of environment. I am aware that I frequently observe them when turning over rocks or logs. Sadly, there are so many different types of wolf spiders that it would be hard to include them all here, especially given how similar most of them all appear.

It’s interesting to note that Wolf Spiders don’t use webs to capture prey. Instead, they watch for passing insects before chasing them down. Some wolf spiders may dig a tunnel and wait inside while they await prey to pass by. The majority of wolf spiders are nomadic and always live and hunt alone.

Wolf Spiders are among the arachnids with the best vision. Additionally, they have retroreflective tissue in their eyes that glows when you shine a light in their direction.

When threatened, wolf spiders will bite, albeit not necessarily with venom. They are therefore not regarded as hazardous to people. The few indications of a bite may include slight discomfort, swelling, and itching.

Mabel Orchard Orb Weaver

The Tetragnathidae family of long-jawed orb weavers includes the Mabel orchard orb weaver, Leucauge argyrobapta. These vibrant spiders are common across the United States, including Mississippi, and as far south as Brazil.

Male Mabel orchard orb weavers are 3.5 to 4 millimeters long, compared to the 5.5 to 7.5 millimeters that female Mabel orchard orb weavers are. They have long, narrow legs and big mouthparts, just as other long-jawed orb weavers.

The cephalothorax is brown, and their legs are green with black stripes. The Greek term argyrobapta, which describes their silvery abdomen with orangish-red patterns and bands of yellow, black, and green, loosely translates as “dipped in silver.”

The only spider species identified by Charles Darwin is the Mabel orchard orb weaver. It frequently weaves a horizontally oriented web to attract insects, like as mosquitoes. It injects digestive enzymes into its victim during eating to disassemble the body.

Cellar Spider

You know that one spider in the basement corner that seems to be there all the time?

The Cellar Spider is most likely what it is. In Mississippi, homes and structures are frequently infested with these long, slender, and sensitive spiders. Some of these spiders wind up getting sucked into the vacuum every time I vacuum my basement.

When their web is disturbed by touch or has trapped enormous prey, cellar spiders take an exciting action. They begin vibrating quickly, which has caused them to occasionally be referred to as “vibrating spiders.”

They engage in this action to avoid being seen by predators or to improve their chances of catching a bug that stroked their web, which would further entangle their victim.

It is advantageous to have cellar spiders around since they have been seen to hunt down and eliminate deadly spiders.

Southern House Spider

In many households, the southern house spider is an unwanted visitor. For most individuals, they resemble a brown recluse too much to accept them. Given its notoriety, it seems sense to desire to squash the spider. The majority of these spiders are found in dwellings, particularly in tiny cracks.

These spiders are brown like the brown recluse and have a little marking on their cephalothorax. You probably don’t want to approach this area of the body of the brown recluse because of its much more obvious marking.

Although the southern house spider can bite people, the bite won’t hurt much. Their bites will leave a lump and perhaps some minor discomfort. But the ache generally goes away rather fast.

Sylvana Jumping Spider

The jumping spider species Colonus sylvanus, often known as the sylvana jumping spider, belongs to the Salticidae family. These spiders are common in Mississippi, the eastern United States, and as far south as Panama.

Sylvana jumping spider adults are generally less than 7.5 millimeters long, with females being somewhat larger than males. They mostly exist in two distinct morphs.

One morph has a cream abdomen covered with reddish dots and a tan appearance. The second morph has a brown abdomen with two white lines running down the middle and a reddish-brown cephalothorax.

Jumping spiders from Sylvana are probably arboreal since they like to hang out in trees. Their name is derived from the Latin words silva, which means “forest,” and Sylvanus, the Roman deity of forests. They ambush other spiders and insects by leaping from a distance. They are safe for people to be around because of their modest size.

Black Widow

The most poisonous spiders in Mississippi are black widows.

They are also most likely the most well-known and identifiable spider in the world. The red mark in the shape of an hourglass that emerges on the females is recognizable by almost everyone.

They are not aggressive creatures despite having venom that is 15 times more potent than that of a rattlesnake and is extremely lethal. The Black Widow RARELY attacks people and only bites in self-defense if her web is disrupted.

However, you should be aware that the venom damages your nervous system if you are one among the few unfortunate individuals who are bitten each year. Many individuals react severely to it, whereas some people are very minimally impacted.

If you are bitten, get medical assistance right away since the neurotoxic venom from the bite can be lethal to young children if left untreated.

Black Widows favor poorly light regions, basement nooks, closets, and crowded spaces.

The best areas to look for them are on ledges that are overhanging, behind benches or stones, next to the entrances of rodent tunnels that have been abandoned, or close to sheds. They like dry places because they dislike wetness.

Trapdoor Spider

Although the trapdoor spider of the Ummidia genus is just slightly longer than 2 inches, more than an inch of its length is made up of its body rather than its legs. These spiders are distinguished by their glossy legs and carapace, as well as their black or dark brown bodies with a velvety belly.

If you don’t take the size into consideration, it’s simple to mistake these for tarantulas. But they are difficult to find. As their name implies, these spiders like to reside in burrows that they create with the help of their strong legs. They build a door that swings open, allowing them to charge out and pounce on passing prey.

Typically, locations with greenery and forests are where one may find these spiders. Although these spiders may appear frightening, their bite is not particularly dangerous. There will be some little discomfort and a mark left behind, but that’s about it.

Southern Black Widow

One of Mississippi’s most dangerous spiders is the southern black widow, Latrodectus mactans. The southern black widow, a member of the Theridiidae family of cobweb spiders, is mostly found in the southern United States but may be found across North America.

Males are between 3 and 6 millimeters long in adults, compared to adult females’ lengths of 8 to 13 millimeters. Their legs are comparatively long. The apex of the abdomen of females is marked with a unique red hourglass shape. They have a glossy, black appearance.

To catch prey, female southern black widows weave thick silk into three-dimensional cobwebs. Because they occasionally consume male spiders after mating, they are known as “widow spiders.”

The victim’s nervous system is attacked by their bite, which is significant medically. Respiratory problems, nausea, and muscular pains are a few of the typical bite symptoms.

Brown Recluse

In Mississippi, you may find these poisonous spiders both inside and outside.

Yes, they are so ubiquitous in houses and other structures that you can’t even get away from them there. They love poorly light spots, such as closets, untidy rooms, dark cellar nooks, or even inside your shoe or bed!

Fortunately, Brown Recluse only attack you when provoked and bites are quite rare.

Unfortunately, because they reside indoors, bites frequently happen when you unintentionally roll or stomp on them while you’re asleep. Since the bite is painless, you might not even notice that you were bitten right away.

In addition to rashes, nausea, fever, and slow-healing, necrotic wounds, bites can occasionally result in secondary infections. Necrosis (cell death) swiftly sets in, producing a horrifying “flesh-rotting” wound that is extremely painful.

Carolina Wolf Spider

Although it is not the biggest spider in Mississippi, the Carolina wolf spider is undoubtedly one of the biggest. Typically, the body of this wolf spider is mottled and brown to dark brown in color with even darker markings. They do, however, have some distinctive markings that assist distinguish them from other spiders.

For instance, they will have a cephalothorax with two black marks that go down the rest of the cephalothorax and cover the topmost eyes on their “heads.” On the sides of their abdomen, some males may have orange.

These spiders have enormous bodies and imposing legspans, but when a female is carrying an egg sac or her young on her back, she can appear even larger.

These wolf spiders prowl at night and are nocturnal scavengers. They may be found in hiding places outside, such long grass and the shadowy corners of houses. They can also be discovered near logs or under rocks.

A wolf spider bite can be uncomfortable and result in localized edema. If a person is allergic to the venom of the animal that bit them, the bites might be considerably more dangerous. In that situation, the individual who was bitten may feel more severe symptoms such as headaches, rashes, nausea, and cramping.

Puritan Pirate Spider

The puritan pirate spider, Mimetus puritanus, is a member of the Mimetidae family of pirate spiders. Given that it mostly preys on other spiders, it is one of Mississippi’s most peculiar spiders. It covers a considerable portion of the eastern United States.

Males are typically smaller than females, with adult specimens typically measuring approximately 7 millimeters long. They have spines on their long, curving legs, as well as triangular-shaped abdomens.

While predominantly brown or beige in color, they also have two distinctive white patches close to the back of the abdomen, along with little red and black patterns.

Puritan pirate spiders don’t make their own webs, as the name suggests. Instead, they have a reputation for stealing other spiders’ webs. While they frequently misjudge their target and end up being devoured by their intended victims, they do assault and consume other spiders. Their bite is not regarded as dangerous to people.

Giant Lichen Orb Weaver Spider

In the forests of Mississippi, you may see giant lichen orb weavers on trees covered in lichens, which is how they received part of their name.

These spiders produce GIANT webs with a diameter of up to 8 feet (2.4 m). The “giant” aspect of their moniker derives from this. I would hate to accidently step through this web!

Due to their nocturnal habits and preference for hiding during the day, they are protected from birds and other predators.

Dark Fishing Spider

A particularly huge spider with a legspan that may extend to more than 4 inches is the dark fishing spider. This spider is not only large, but it also worries people since it moves quickly and occasionally ventures far from the water, unlike most other fishing spiders.

Due to their resemblance to wolf spiders, these animals frequently scare people. The bodies of these spiders are frequently bottle-black and bottle-brown, with distinct W-shaped markings on the abdomen.

The designs occasionally incorporate a bright hue, like white. The tibia of the spider has bands of black and brown hue instead of the femur’s black chevrons on a brown backdrop.

These spider bites are quite uncommon. Most fishing spiders are not interested in interacting with people. Nevertheless, if you do get bitten, the pain is reportedly comparable to a bee sting.

American Nursery Web Spider

The Pisauridae family of nursery web spiders includes the American nursery web spider, Pisaurina mira. These spiders are typically found in Mississippi in regions with thick weeds or bushes. They are also found in the eastern part of North America.

Male American nursery web spiders are smaller than females and can reach adult lengths of 19 millimeters. They often have exceptionally lengthy legs and tan or brownish bodies. Due to their similar appearance, they can occasionally be mistaken for brown recluse spiders by certain individuals.

American nursery web spiders create webs to store their eggs, as suggested by their name. They do not, however, use their webs to ensnare animals. Instead, they actively engage in sit-and-wait ambush techniques to hunt insects.

Immediately following mating, females frequently consume males as well. Males developed the habit of binding the legs of females with silk in order to avoid being eaten. There is no medical significance to their bite.

Spinybacked Orb Weaver Spider

Many folks are completely unaware that they are spiders! They are highly different from other spiders found in Mississippi because to their hard exoskeleton and protruding spikes.

Spinybacked Orb The lifespan of a weaver is quite brief. The eggs hatch sometime in the late winter or early spring, and by late spring, the young are fully developed. The terrible thing is that they pass very soon after depositing their eggs.

They build their webs at night, like the majority of spiders. The intriguing thing is that they have to create a new web EVERY DAY since they consume their old one every morning.

The way that Spinybacked Orbs build their webs differs slightly from other spiders’ methods. Actually, they add tiny silk balls to the web to prevent damage from bigger insects and birds.

Pantropical Huntsman Spider

The largest spider in Mississippi is the pantropical huntsman, which was unintentionally brought to the United States through international commerce. These spiders have an extremely long lifespan and may reach sizes of up to 5 inches or more in their leg spread. Additionally, their body is around an inch in size.

Both the spiders’ bites and their level of aggression are not particularly dangerous to humans. In addition to causing swelling and pain in the bitten region, bites can occasionally give people headaches. Other than that, their bites aren’t particularly dangerous.

Typically brown in color, these creatures have a light-colored band around most of their carapace, a dark pattern on their cephalothorax, a light region right behind their eyes, and a black stripe down the middle of their abdomen.

In order to stay warm during the winter, these spiders live in houses, barns, and other structures. Since they are not acclimated for the cold, they cannot tolerate it very well. However, their unexpected arrival in a person’s house is certain to cause fear.

Even though Mississippi’s largest spiders aren’t very harmful, some dangerous species do exist. For instance, two of the country’s most poisonous spiders, the black widow and brown recluse, may be found here.

They are joined by the brown widow and the yellow sac spider, both of which have venomous bites. You should be secure as long as you give these animals the room they require.