Spider In Florida

Manatees and roseate spoonbills are just a couple of the amazing animals that can be found in Florida. However, some of its most amazing animals are frequently those that are right in front of our faces. Florida is home to an uncountable variety of spider species.

The state is home to a variety of spider species, including jumping spiders, nursery spiders, and orb weavers. It also provides sanctuary to some of North America’s biggest and most poisonous spiders.

If you live in Florida or want to visit soon, you probably want to know what kinds of animals you can look forward to seeing when exploring the outdoors or organizing your wardrobe. This is the reason we have put together this list of the ten spiders found in Florida to give you an idea of the variety of arachnids found there.

Types of Spiders Found in Florida (with Pictures) – Identification Guide

Let’s take a closer look at some of the spiders that you can see most frequently in a Florida house, garden, or outbuilding.

Southern Black Widow Spider

The black widow spider is the one that instills terror in people’s hearts the most throughout North America. The southern black widow spider is one of these black widows that may be found in Florida.

Its venom damages the nerve system of its target. Although bites seldom result in death in people, they can induce breathing problems, nausea, and muscular pains.

The biggest poisonous spider in Florida is the southern black widow. Females have bodies that are around 1.25 millimeters long and grow to sizes of 3.75 to 5 centimeters.

The females may be distinguished by their characteristic black bodies, the red hourglass pattern on their abdomens, and the expansive webs they spin to catch prey and protect their eggs.

The term “widow spider” refers to the alleged idea that females kill and consume males soon after mating in widow spiders. Although it is seen, this practice is not common.

Golden Silk Orb-Weaver (Banana Spider)

The golden orb-weaver (Nephila clavipes), sometimes nicknamed a banana spider by Floridians, is well known for its spectacular webs and eye-catching colors. The females of this species are often slightly under three inches wide, despite the fact that the males are quite tiny (1/4 inch) (including leg span).

A spider with vivid colors and legs with yellow and black stripes is called a golden silk orb-weaver. They are skilled web spinners who are renowned to construct their three-dimensional, orb-shaped webs utilizing yellow silk in woodland settings, living up to their name.

These spiders seem intimidating due to their bold coloring and size. However, unless the spider bite becomes infected or the victim experiences an allergic reaction, their venom does not damage healthy adults.

Contrary to popular belief, the orb-weaver, commonly known as a banana spider, is not to be confused with the far more hazardous and aggressive Brazilian banana spider.

Pantropic Huntsman Spider

The huntsman spider, or gigantic crab spider as it is known in Florida, is not indigenous to this country. The origin of this species, according to scientists, is Asia.

They are among the largest spiders in Florida, with adults having leg spans up to 5 inches. Similar to the majority of spider species, females are larger than males while having somewhat shorter legs.

Light brown huntsman spiders with dark brown patterns. They seem fuzzy up close and have large spikes on their legs. Egg sacs are carried by females. The egg sac is a hefty object to carry since it may hold up to 200 eggs. Cockroaches and crickets, as well as other big insects, are the huntsman spider’s main food sources.

Wolf Spiders (Lycosidae)

The largest brown spiders in Florida are wolf spiders. The huge bodies, thick fuzzy legs, and occasionally striped legs help to identify the large hairy spiders. Wolf spiders are known for having three rows of eyes, with two large eyes in the middle row.

Wolf spiders may reach sizes of 0.4 to 2 inches (10 to 50 millimeters), with the Hogna genus housing the biggest species. They are typically found in yards beneath rubbish and emerge at night.

Wolf spider species differ in terms of color as well. However, because the majority are brown, they are simple to mistake for brown recluses. Wolf spiders typically use camouflage as a form of defense.

As a result, they could have black, red, yellow, orange, and black patterns on their bodies. The Hogna carolinensis, a kind of wolf spider, is solidly dark brown.

Wolf spiders may be recognized in Florida by their hairy brown bodies and their lengthy, thick legs, which give them the appearance of being bigger.

Golden Silk Orb Weaver

One of the most prevalent spiders in Florida, especially in open woodlands or forests, is the golden silk orb weaver. They may create webs that are about 5 feet in diameter, and hikers and other outdoor enthusiasts sometimes unintentionally step into them.

In the sunlight, their webs take on a yellowish-gold hue, giving them their common name. Even though it may be startling to stroll into a web, getting bitten by a golden silk orb weaver poses no serious harm to you. Since their bite is not toxic, it often only results in minor discomfort and localized edema.

The bodies of female golden silk orb weavers typically range between 4.8 and 5.1 cm in length. The males, on the other hand, are noticeably smaller. Female golden silk orb weavers may be recognized by their huge size, silvery carapace, and brown and yellow striped legs.

Black and Yellow Argiope Spider

The writing spider, also known as the black and yellow argiope (Argiope aurantia), may grow up to an inch in length and is easily recognized by its distinctive silver carapace and yellow-and-black patterns. This spider may be recognized by its huge, zigzagging web and is typically found around the edges of woods.

Normally, argiope spiders dangle upside-down in the middle of their webs. These spiders use their sense of vibration to navigate because they have weak eyesight. These threads are pulled and vibrated when the males of this species try to attract female mates.

While slightly poisonous, argiope venom is not thought to have any significant medicinal effects. Similar to a bee sting, it causes some redness and swelling. Typically, this spider won’t bite unless it feels frightened or cornered.

Cellar Spiders (Daddy Long Legs)

Cellar spiders, sometimes referred to as daddy long legs, are abundant across the country. One of the largest spiders in Florida, they get their name from their lengthy legs.

The body of cellar spiders can grow up to 0.4 inches long, and their legs can be up to 2 inches wide. Small insects like flies and ants are eaten by Daddy Long Legs. They are perfectly safe for humans and are present in the majority of metropolitan areas.

Brown Recluse Spider (Loxosceles reclusa)

A little, tan to reddish-brown Florida spider with long legs and a recognizable black violin form on its cephalothorax, the brown recluse is poisonous.

This brown spider species is about 0.25″ and 0.5″ (6 and 12 mm) long. Instead of the unique eye pattern found in most spiders, brown recluse spiders may be distinguished by the fact that they have six eyes.

Florida is not the natural home of brown recluses. They can be discovered hidden in dark locations like boxes, attics, closets, and clothes, but they are now rather prevalent. The brown spiders are solitary, as their name would imply, and are infrequently observed scampering across floors.

Identification of Florida Spiders: The majority of brown recluse spiders have long tan legs, a light to dark brown body, and a distinctive violin-like marking on their head. Six eyes, grouped in pairs, make up the distinctive eye pattern of brown recluse spiders.

Magnolia Green Jumper

The Lyssomanes viridis jumper, often known as the magnolia green jumper, is the type species of the genus Lyssomanes. Its genus is particularly intriguing for tracing the history of spider morphology since it is believed to be one of the first genera of jumping spiders.

The epithet “magnolia green” refers to the unusual transparent green hue of these jumpers. Males are somewhat shorter than females, measuring 5 to 6 millimeters compared to 7 to 8 millimeters for females.

They have longer legs compared to their body size than other jumpers, although not being able to jump as far as some other jumping spiders can. They still have the distinctively big mouthparts, or chelicerae, that jumping spiders are known for and which are frequently utilized in mating competitions.

They frequently rest on leaves on either trees or shrubs, where they prefer to ambush food and construct their nests.

Widow Spiders

In general, the female widow measures 1.5 inches across, including her legs, making her bigger than the male. The widow’s bite contains enough venom to be deemed medically serious, making it different from the other spiders on our list of the largest spiders in Florida. If you are bitten, you should seek medical assistance as soon as you can.

The only deadly widow is a woman. Males do not possess sufficient amounts of venom to be of medicinal importance.

Given that they frequent buildings and other sites with high levels of human traffic, the southern black widow and brown widow are the two that you are most likely to come across in Florida.

The northern black widow spins its web on low tree branches and is only found in the panhandle region of the state. The red widow spider, on the other hand, loves bushes and solid items on the ground that it may dig under.

The female widow spider has a propensity to consume the male after mating, thus its common name. The reason she does this, according to scientists, is because the male offers a decent supply of protein for her growing young. The practice may possibly be the reason why a female widow lives an average of three years whereas a male widow lives only one to two months.

Brown Widow Spider

The brown widow spider is typically seen in buildings south of Orlando despite not being native to Florida. The brown spider may be recognized by its striped legs, distinctive orange hourglass marking on its brown abdomen, and black and pale brown geometric designs on its body. Brown widows have a length of 0.47″ to 0.6″ (12 to 16 mm).

In warm, humid climates, brown widows are frequently seen near buildings. This is one of the reasons the exotic spider is so successful in southern Florida.

The spiders that weave webs can be found in garages, wardrobes, attics, and below patio furniture. They are not as threatening as the native southern black widow, despite having a terrible poisonous bite.

Identification of spiders in Florida: The white and black striped legs, the bulbous dark brown abdomen, and the light orange hourglass abdominal marking are all characteristics of brown widow spiders. It might be challenging to differentiate the brown widow from a young black widow.

Six-Spotted Fishing Spider

The Pisauridae family of nursery web spiders includes the six-spotted fishing spider. These spiders are most frequently seen in Florida marshes and close to ponds. Due of their propensity to reside close to boat docks, they are also known as dock spiders.

The body length of females ranges from 15 to 20 millimeters, with a maximum length of 60 millimeters. Males, meanwhile, range in length from 9 to 13 millimeters.

Their bodies are gray or brown in color, and the abdomen has two thin lines going along either side of it. Their name comes from the six black patches that are seen beneath their abdomen.

One of the rare spider species that can take down vertebrates is the six-spotted fishing spider. They can grab fish that are five times their size and use their poisonous bite to kill them. They wait at the water’s surface or dive under it to grab food when hunting.

Domestic House Spider (Tegenaria domestica)

In Florida, domestic house spiders frequently hide under baseboards, inside furniture, and in other obscure places. The brown Florida spider has striped legs and an extended brown body with black markings. The domestic house spider is 0.24 to 0.47 inches long (6 – 12 mm).

Brown domestic house spiders may appear dangerous, but they are often not a threat. When threatened, they could bite, although often this doesn’t hurt and doesn’t lead to any issues.

Identification of Florida spiders: House spiders have long, spiny legs, two black stripes on their cephalothorax, and an abdomen that is speckled with brown and beige.

Red-Spotted Ant Mimic

The red-spotted ant mimic is so named because it frequently mimics an ant’s appearance. This unusual spider utilizes its front two legs as antennas and moves on six rather than eight legs like ordinary spiders. Due to its ability to mix in with ants, which mistakenly believe it to be one of them, the spider can ambush the unwary ants.

Male red-spotted ant mimics are shorter than females and range in length from 5 to 13 millimeters. They have a carapace with a white line going down the middle, a reddish-brown belly, and a black body.

Red-spotted ant mimics frequently build their nests adjacent to ant hills in shrubbery, parks, and rural settings. Although its venom is lethal to little insects, it is harmless to people and only causes minor discomfort.

Huntsman Spiders

Actually an Asian invading species, huntsman spiders. They are frequently seen in the southern part of the state, where the environment is suitable for them, and go by the name “big crab spider.” Heteropoda venatoria, a species that may be found in Florida, with a body length of around an inch and a leg spread that can reach five inches. Like many spider species, this one has bigger females than males.

This spider doesn’t create webs as the wolf spider does. Instead, it hunts and dispatches its victim with just sheer speed and the might of its teeth. Despite being venomous, their bite only causes localized discomfort and is too weak to be deemed medically relevant.

Southern House Spider (Kukulcania hibernalis)

Florida is the natural home of the southern house spider. The brown spider may be recognized by its long, thin body coated in velvety fine hairs; its legs are brown with black spines. The abdomen of adult female house spiders may be larger than that of adult males. These enormous brown Florida spiders may reach lengths of up to 2″ (5 cm).

The brown recluse is frequently confused with southern house spiders. The southern house spider is bigger than the other two spider species and has no distinguishing marks on its abdomen. Additionally, this kind of spider doesn’t attack people and is quite harmless.

Identification of Florida Spiders: The southern house spider is recognized by its big size and dark brown body.

Regal Jumper

The royal jumper, also known as Phidippus regius, is a species of jumping spider that lives in Florida. It is the biggest species of jumping spider found in the eastern United States, not because of a royal decree. Males range in length from 6 to 18 millimeters, while females from 7 to 22 millimeters.

While females can range in hue from gray to reddish-orange, males often have a black appearance with white spots and stripes. Three spots that resemble a smiling face are seen on the abdomens of both sexes and are shared by males and females.

A regal jumper is most frequently seen in fields or sparsely forested regions, especially close to trees or structures.

While they love to hunt in broad spaces where they can readily pounce on their prey, they prefer to lay their nests in isolated locations with lots of shelter. Although not dangerous, their bite can nonetheless cause human beings discomfort.

Black and Yellow Garden Spider

Gardens in Florida are frequently home to the unique black and yellow garden spider. The black pointed oval abdomen of the yellow spider has stunning yellow patterns. This spider, despite its size and lengthy legs with black and yellow stripes, poses no threat to people. The garden spider may reach a maximum length of 1.1″ (28 mm).

In southern gardens, you may frequently encounter yellow garden spiders resting in the center of complex webs. There is a noticeable zig-zag pattern in the spider webs. A yellow garden spider’s severe bite feels like a bee sting.

The black and yellow garden spider may be recognized in Florida by its distinctive oval body with black and yellow markings and its grayish-white head.