From black bears to enormous brown bats, Georgia is home to a wide variety of flora and animals. It has mountain ranges and coastal plains, both of which are teeming with uncommon and widespread species. There are several varieties of spiders that may be found in the Peach State.
Georgia is home to a wide variety of spiders, including invasive orb weavers and poisonous black widows. Ten distinct types of spiders that may be found in the state are listed below.
One of Georgia’s most dangerous spiders is the brown recluse. It possesses necrotic venom, which can occasionally result in death and cause vomiting, pains in the muscles, skin necrosis, and necrosis of the skin. Fortunately, it seldom bites people until cornered, and only very young infants or those with compromised immune systems often die from its bite.
The majority of brown recluses are between 6 and 20 millimeters long. They got their name because the color of their bodies normally ranges from light brown to dark brown or grey.
They have a black line that resembles a violin emerging from the cephalothorax. They also known by the titles fiddleback spider, brown fiddler, or violin spider because of its violin-shaped pattern.
Although brown recluses weave asymmetrical webs, they do not use them to trap prey. Instead, they emerge from their webs at night to engage in active insect hunting.
Black widow spiders have a striking crimson hourglass shape on their back and are glossy and dark in color. They typically hang around near woodpiles and may easily enter your house by riding on your firewood.
They can also be discovered in public areas surrounding your house, such as eaves, empty boxes, and even pairs of shoes that are kept in storage but are never worn. If bitten, black widows can be dangerous to people. Males rarely bite, but females can be hostile, especially when they are defending their eggs.
The signs of a black widow bite include fever, high blood pressure, nausea, and sweating. Death from a black widow bite is rare, especially if medical attention is sought right away. In fact, it has been more than 10 years since there was a black widow-related mortality in the United States.
East Asian Joro
The East Asian Joro spider stands out because it resembles the ideal Halloween horror monster. Even though it is relatively new to Georgia, this spider has already established itself as a favorite there.
First of all, it’s much larger than most native spiders, with females growing up to 3 to 4 inches long overall, including their leg spread.
The females feature neon yellow and blood red patterns on their abdomens, which contrast with the jet black colouring on most of the remainder of their bodies. They also have yellow-orange stripes on their legs and some bluish-green coloration on their backs.
It resembles an enhanced ordinary garden spider, to put it briefly. Sorry to break it to you, fellas, but the male form of the species is dull as dishwater, being significantly smaller and solidly brown in hue.
The Joro spider, which is endemic to Japan, Korea, China, and Taiwan, is notable for spinning gigantic, multi-layered webs of gold-colored silk, in addition to its outward appearance.
The Joro prefers to weave its webs higher in the air than the average garden spider, yet groups of females frequently dwell together in large web structures that are frequently observed on trees, power lines, and maybe your yard. Once you’ve seen one of these structures, it’s difficult to forget and immediately apparent.
Southern House Spider
The crevice weaver spider family Filistatidae includes the southern house spider. In addition to being extensively dispersed throughout the southern United States, it is one of the most prevalent spiders in Georgia. It can be found as far south as Argentina outside of the US.
Due to their similar appearance, southern house spiders are sometimes mistaken for the more hazardous brown recluse. However, southern house spiders lack the unique violin-shaped marking that distinguishes the brown recluse, so you can tell them apart.
Males are approximately 8 to 12 millimeters long, and females are typically 12 to 18 millimeters long. Both sexes have a brown coloration, while females have a darker appearance than males and males have longer legs.
Female southern house spiders construct non-sticky silk radial webs in order to capture food. They build their webs to ensnare victims for a sufficient amount of time for the females to deliver a lethal bite.
Common House Spider
House spiders come in a variety of hues, but the majority have extended abdomens and a yellow to brown tint. They are typically found inside homes (thus their name), generally in closets, basements, garages, and crawlspaces. They are also frequently discovered beneath furniture and in ceiling corners.
When outside, they are frequently spotted around light sources, beneath eaves, and next to windows. They don’t represent a threat to people, but they might be an inconvenience to have about the house.
House spiders are becoming less prevalent in homes and more likely to be found in garages, sheds, barns, and warehouses due to the low humidity and lack of insects in modern dwellings.
Joro spiders, commonly referred to as East Asian Joro spiders, are orb-weaving spiders that are invasive. These spiders are native to a number of East Asian nations, including China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, and South Korea, yet you may also locate them in South Carolina and Georgia.
The largest spiders in Georgia are joro spiders. Males are 7 to 10 millimeters long, whereas females are between 17 and 25 millimeters long. They feature a red spot close to the back of their abdomens, along with yellow and dark blue stripes.
Joro spiders produce far stronger silk than the majority of other spiders do. Their webs also differ from the webs of other orb weavers in appearance, with an uneven layer behind and in front of the center orb. They seldom show aggression against people, yet their bite is still fairly severe.
Wolf spiders often have dark brown bodies with light stripes or patterns. Most of them have hair on their bodies, and their legs are lengthy and spiky. Wolf spiders like to stay on or near the floor while they are indoors, especially along walls and beneath furniture.
They frequently carry firewood inside. They frequently hide in these areas throughout the day and are typically discovered outside behind stacks of firewood, leaves, yard waste, and stones.
Even though wolf spiders can bite, this seldom happens and doesn’t constitute a serious risk to people. Wolf spiders are distinctive in that they pursue down their prey using their speed rather than capturing it in webs.
This kind of the widow family is also an invasive species, however it is less poisonous than its black relatives. However, it is still worth being cautious of because its bite can still produce potent symptoms.
It is known as the button spider in Africa, where it originated, and is actually driving some black widows out of their natural environment.
The belly of the Brown Widow has a distinctive hourglass form, just like its southern black widow relatives. The hourglass form of the brown widow is generally orange or pale red as opposed to blood red. It has multiple black bands encircling its light-brown legs. Around two inches is the maximum size for female brown widows (bod
while the male is typically smaller than the female (legs and everything),
The brown widow, like its cousins, prefers to remain hidden and hangs out in dark, uninhabited areas like woodpiles, eaves, boxes, etc. The brown widow makes chaotic, tangled-looking webs like other widow spiders do.
The spider frequently hangs upside down in the middle of the web, making the distinctive hourglass shape on its abdomen readily visible.
The brown widow will protect itself or its egg sac if you touch it, so wear gloves and use insecticide to get rid of it. Because the spider prefers to flee from humans rather than attack them, brown widow bites are still quite uncommon.
Additionally, a brown widow’s bite is less painful than a black widow’s. If you’ve been bitten and are experiencing severe pain, cramping, or nausea, get to the hospital as soon as possible.
Southeastern Wandering Spider
The Ctenidae family of wandering spiders includes the southeastern wandering spider. These spiders are widespread throughout the southern United States, including Georgia.
The size range of Southeastern wandering spiders is considerable, ranging from 5 to 40 millimeters. Due to their resemblance to wolf spiders, people frequently mistake them for wolf spiders. Their lengthy, multiple-jointed legs curve upward.
They have a bright stripe along the middle of their carapaces and abdomens, and the majority of their bodies and legs are pale orange or tan with dark mottling.
Instead of making webs, Southeastern wandering spiders actively engage in ambush hunting of their prey. They snooze in earth and plant-based burrows when not out hunting. Despite being toxic, their bite is not thought to have any serious medical effects.
In fact, brown recluse spiders and crevice spiders are frequently confused for one another due to their similar forms and coloration. They do not have the distinctive violin-shaped markings that the brown recluse does, although having the same light to dark brown colour and a comparable body form.
Their name derives from the fact that they are frequently discovered in cracks and corners; they are commonly found around window frames, along baseboards, and in corners of ceilings.
As they consume typical domestic pests including flies, roaches, beetles, and wasps, they can be useful to homes. They do not constitute a serious threat to people, despite the fact that they have been known to bite when threatened.
Twin-Flagged Jumping Spider
The twin-flagged jumping spider, also known as Anasaitis canosa, is a tiny member of the Salticidae family of jumping spiders. These spiders may be found not just in Georgia but also in states bordering the Gulf of Mexico.
The majority of specimens are just slightly bigger than males, averaging between 5 and 6 millimeters in length on average.
Their two flag-shaped patterns on the underside of their cephalothorax give them their name. They have sparkling scales on their abdomens and cephalothorax that range in color from white to green to pink, as is typical of other Anasaitis species. Their carapaces, meanwhile, are mostly black with two white spots.
Twin-flagged jumping spiders use their quickness and sharp vision to capture prey. When hunting ants, they approach the victim straight before leaping upon it to pierce its head or thorax with their chelicerae.
Yellow Garden Spider
The yellow garden spider is a large, black and yellow spider that is renowned for its ability to weave enormous circular webs. Females have vivid yellow spots on their abdomens and are mostly black. The abdomens of males are less yellow-colored and smaller.
They often inhabit bright outdoor spaces with vegetation on which they may build their webs (hence their name). Garden spiders don’t pose a threat to people (aside from the possibility of tripping over one of their occasionally quite large webs), but they do produce venom that is safe for people while aiding in the immobilization of prey such as flies, bees, and other flying insects that become entangled in the web.
Orb weaver spider
Another species that resembles the brown recluse but is very harmless is this one.
These spiders have enormous abdomens, hairy or spiny legs, and come in a variety of colors, some of which are quite vivid. They expand to a diameter of around one inch (legs and body included). They spend much of the night out.
These spiders are famous for making unusual sheet webs with an escape tunnel at the back that may grow up to three feet in diameter. The orb weaver works at night to build and repair webs.
If cornered, they will bite, however the orb weaver’s bite is no more dangerous to people than a bee sting.
White-Banded Fishing Spider
The Pisauridae family, sometimes known as nursery web spiders, includes the white-banded fishing spider. It is widespread over the country, especially close to ponds and streams.
Male and female white-banded fishing spiders are almost equal in size at 18 and 23 millimeters, respectively. They come in a variety of colors, although the majority seem brown. Some look pale green with black mottling. Their white band, which spans the area below and around their mouths, gives them their name.
One of the few spiders in Georgia that hunts tiny vertebrates is the white-banded fishing spider. They will seek for tadpoles or tiny fish under the water’s surface in addition to collecting insects.
They can trap air in a bubble on their abdomens to dive below the surface thanks to their unique hairs, which also allow them to sprint on the water’s surface.
The lynx spider has a vivid green hue, similar to the hue of a plant leaf. On occasion, they will also have black spots and orange patches on their legs. Long black spines covering their legs. They can leap great distances to get their prey because they move so quickly.
They frequently inhabit wide areas, particularly those with surrounds covered in thick grass. The lynx spider may be very helpful in managing agriculture. Although they do not constitute a serious threat to people, they will bite if they feel threatened.
Ravine Trapdoor Spider
One of the rarest and most distinctive-looking spiders in Georgia is the ravine trapdoor spider, Cycloscosmia truncata. As suggested by its name, it frequently opts to construct its burrow in ravines. It belongs to the genus Cyclocosmia, which means “adorned with a circle” in Greek.
The disk of a female ravine trapdoor spider is about 16 millimeters broad and around 28 millimeters long. Their unique disk-shaped abdomen is referenced in their scientific name.
Their disks are made up of a circle of grooves on the exterior that join to produce an asymmetrical shape in the center. The disk is light grey, the remainder of their body a glossy light or dark brown.
The hobo spider has an oblong abdomen that is oblong in shape and is light to medium brown in color. Hobo spiders weave funnel-shaped webs, one end of which opens outward into a wide sheet with a little bend.
Males are more likely to come into touch with people than females during the breeding season, which lasts from June to October. As a result of this increased interaction with humans, male hobo spiders bite more people than females do.
However, their bites do not seriously endanger people. There are hobo spiders in practically every ecosystem. They frequently inhabit areas with cracks, fissures, and holes. They can’t climb well, thus they are rarely encountered above ground. They favor damp, dark locations like window wells, basements, and crawlspaces.
Let’s get this out of the way: grandaddy long legs are not a super-venomous spider that cannot bite you, unlike certain urban beliefs. They can bite, in truth, but it’s so uncommon as to be essentially unheard of. Additionally, while they are not poisonous, if they do bite, it will just leave the tiniest red mark.
Granddaddy longlegs are an amusing species of arachnid known as harvesters or harvestmen, so named because they are most frequently observed during the harvest season.
With legs that may grow up to 2-3 inches long and a small cephalothorax, longlegs are one of Georgia’s most easily recognized spiders. Instead of making webs, they catch their prey with those very long legs.
Most people would want to keep spiders out of their houses as little as possible, regardless of whether they are harmful to humans.
Eliminating any places where spiders may hide is the greatest approach to keep them from moving into your home. As they move indoors in search of food and warmth throughout the fall and winter, spiders are more prevalent during those seasons. Keep your basement, attic, and garage organized and clutter-free.
Avoid leaving garments or shoes on the ground. Up and around your home, fill in any cracks and fissures. If necessary, consider enclosing your crawlspace.
Also, remove any cobwebs that you see. Always call a reputable pest control firm if you think you might have a spider problem so they can help you identify the species of spiders you have and provide you a comprehensive examination, treatment, and prevention plan.