Are you looking for a solution to upgrade your betta fish tank? Try using live aquarium plants. Aquatic plants not only assist clean the water of your fish’s waste, but they also provide your betta a lovely, natural habitat.
Betta splendens are frequently seen in the wild in tropical wetlands and fields of rice that are covered in dense foliage. Because of this, aquarium plants provide great enrichment for your betta to explore, barriers to limit your betta’s line of sight in case he gets possessive, and sleeping spots at night.
You may relax knowing that the majority of the plants on our list of the top 10 are beginner-friendly varieties that just require little lighting and a thorough liquid fertilizer like Easy Green.
Our List Of The Best Betta Fish Plants
When it comes to Betta fish plants, there are a ton of alternatives available. However, we’ve created this organized list using our own expertise as well as the knowledge of some of the top Betta owners we know.
Each of the plants on this list is simple to maintain and can enhance your tank’s general health (and fishes).
Because of its long, thick leaves and easy maintenance requirements, java fern is one of the most popular plants in the aquarium hobby. Numerous variants of this slowly expanding plant exist, including the trident, the Windelov (or lace) Java fern, and the needle leaf.
Its rhizome, a thick, horizontal “stem,” generates roots at the bottom and leaves at the top. Rhizome plants are unique in that they don’t require any substrate or gravel to thrive; all you need to do is use super glue gel to stick them to a rock or piece of driftwood and position it wherever you desire in the aquarium.
Java ferns reproduce in an intriguing way as well. Your java fern may begin sprouting tiny plantlets right off their leaves, or you can divide the rhizome in half to divide the plant into two.
Before removing a plant and replacing it somewhere in the tank, wait until it is larger and develops a substantial number of roots. Read our complete post here for additional details on java fern maintenance.
The Amazon Sword is a favorite among Betta fish due to its wide leaves. Having said that, you should be aware of the Amazon Sword’s special maintenance needs.
First, depending on the species, the Amazon Sword can reach a height of up to 3 feet. It is therefore probably not the greatest option for a five gallon tank. Betta tanks that are at least 10 gallons in capacity or bigger are better suited for these plants.
The large leaves of the Amazon Sword easily capture current and siphon hoses, therefore it is necessary to root it several inches deep into the substrate for it to stay fixed.
Amazon Swords are betta fish plants that require a lot of nutrients. As a result, if you intend to retain these plants, selecting a high-quality aquarium substrate is essential. These plants’ wide leaves convert them become little theatres for fish performances, eaters of algae, and even reproductive grounds for some fish and snail species.
Pygmy Chain Sword Plant
Aquascaping aficionados sometimes utilize the Pygmy Chain Sword plant as a carpet plant in tropical tank arrangements.
By spreading out runners under the substrate, the plant self-produces. New sword plants are sprouting up throughout the whole length of the runners. When these young plants reach maturity and expansion, a lovely “lawn” of lush plants is eventually developed along the aquarium’s floor.
The Pygmy Chain Sword plant can withstand a broad variety of temperatures and pH levels, making it reasonably simple to grow. To promote development and spread, the plant does require strong light levels and a nutrient-rich substrate.
Because betta fish aquariums are frequently on the smaller side, this species makes an excellent foreground plant. Therefore, it will be simple for you to maintain lighting that is bright enough for the Pygmy Chain Sword plant.
In order to restrict the spread of the runners on these plants, you might need to occasionally pinch away part of the growth.
One of the greatest live plants for betta fish is hornwort, which is also arguably our favorite aquatic plant overall. It will be difficult to keep this section brief because there is so much to admire about this plant!
First off, this plant is quite lovely. Its thin, whispy leaves and excellent, deep green color provide your tank a calm, flowing appearance. This is appealing to us since it well complements the glistening beauty of Betta fish.
The maintenance of this plant likewise takes very little experience. It is incredibly resilient and adaptable to a variety of water conditions. Even if you wanted to, it would probably be difficult to kill it.
You may choose to root it or let it float, much like Java moss. Whichever you select, it will act as a cozy hiding place and interesting thing to look at. One of the best methods to extend the life of your Betta fish and ensure their happiness is to keep stress levels low.
Another genus of rhizome plants that comes in a variety of forms, dimensions, and textures is Anubias. Anubias barteri, anubias nana petite, and anubias coffeefolia are a few of the more well-known varieties.
They may be affixed to different aquarium decorations and hardscape accents, just as java fern. Plants with rhizomes can also be inserted into the substrate, but you must be cautious not to bury the rhizome otherwise the plant will perish.
The anubias with its plastic pot can alternatively be put straight inside an Easy Planter ornament. If you want to modify the appearance of your betta fish tank, you may easily move the imitation rock around because it has a highly realistic appearance.
Marimo Moss Balls
One of the greatest alternatives for anybody wishing to add a distinctive plant to their Betta fish tank is Marimo Moss Balls.
Contrary to popular belief, these unusual spherical balls are actually a sort of good algae. They are spherical because they are constantly being molded by sluggish currents on lake bottoms in Japan and Northern Europe.
Marimo Moss Balls love colder aquariums—even ones that aren’t heated—but they can survive in any environment that is below 75 degrees. Additionally, they need indirect illumination and high-quality water with low fertilizer or pollutant load.
Additionally, Betta fish, shrimp, and other animals enjoy marimo balls. These moss balls have been reported to be used by bettas as resting areas or even as toys. Remember that your Marimo Ball may flatten out over time owing to the absence of current in many smaller tanks.
If you’re searching for a conversation starter for your betta fish tank, we strongly recommend this species.
Glossostigma elatinoides is a popular selection of plant for experienced aquarists that wish to design their betta tank in the Japanese aesthetic.
These tiny aquarium plants are native to Australasia, where they thrive in bogs and along lake and pond shorelines. The plant barely reaches a height of a few inches, making the species perfect for usage in the foreground.
Glossostigma elatinoides is difficult to grow. There must be plenty of light for the plant. If the aquarium’s illumination is too dim, the plant grows upward and toward the light rather than bushing out and spreading out. Make sure that this species is not overshadowed by other plants or decorations when you plant it.
Glossostigma is best utilized in shallow tanks where there is an abundance of light. The species is therefore ideal for a betta tank. Divide each pot into numerous smaller bunches to encourage the plant to grow and create a carpet on the bottom of the tank. Utilizing CO2 and keeping the water on the soft side can also accelerate development.
Cuttings, runners, separating the plant, and detaching daughter plants from the main stem are all methods of propagation.
Anacharis is another easy-to-care-for plant that is beneficial for Betta fish. Maintaining this plant will not be difficult, even if it is your first tank.
Having a low-maintenance plant is usually practical because most aquarists like to spend the bulk of their time thinking about the fish in their tank.
Anacharis may be used in a variety of ways and doesn’t require much light to live. It’s good that you can root it or float it (floating is really our preference).
This plant may be a fantastic hiding spot for the Betta fish in your aquarium because it grows fast and becomes rather dense. Depending on how big your aquarium is and how many species you keep, even one plant may prove to be more than enough.
It is also stunning. The vivid green of Anacharis may astound you in the proper lighting. This color is simply another element that makes this coupling so wonderful, along with the inherent beauty of a Betta.
Cryptocoryne plants, or “crypts,” are renowned for their easy maintenance requirements and capacity to survive in low to high light environments. Cryptocoryne wendtii, one of the most prevalent forms, is available in a wide range of colors, including green, bronze, tropica, and red.
Betta fish frequently relax on top of or beneath their large, wavy-edged leaves. Contrarily, Cryptocoryne parva, one of the tiniest crypts, is frequently employed as a foreground plant with moderate growth. It has deep green, narrow leaves.
Cryptocorynes like to be planted in substrate that includes nutrients, such as root tab fertilizers, since, unlike the majority of the other plants on this list, they prefer to receive their nutrients from the ground rather than the water column.
Additionally, if your brand-new cryptocoryne plant starts to wilt shortly after purchase, don’t throw it away because “crypt melt” is probably what is happening. If you just leave it in the tank, it will quickly heal and begin to produce new leaves that are used to the water’s conditions.
These underwater ferns make excellent Betta fish aquarium plants. Because Bettas frequently linger around among the forest of leaves, many Betta fish aficionados refer to Water Sprite as a “Betta fish playground.”
Although they may survive in low-light conditions, they prefer high-light settings. They also have a propensity to grow quickly, which makes them excellent nutrition sponges but also a little annoying.
Water Sprite is a fantastic alternative since it can either be planted or allowed to float freely on the surface. Floating plants make excellent cover for a Betta aquarium and may even inspire your Betta to construct bubble nests.
Water Sprite is one of the simplest plants to trim even though it has a reputation for growing extremely fast. To stop the leaves from spoiling in your tank, just clip them off at the base of the stem and throw them away.
Remember that Water Sprite, like most floating plants, may blanket the surface, absorbing all available light and preventing plants from sprouting below the water.
Water Sprite is an excellent starter plant that blends in nicely with any Betta tank because to its lovely look and simplicity of maintenance.
Bolbitis Difformis Baby Leaf Fern
A little, fine-leaved species of dwarf fern known as Mini Bolbitis is also known as Bolbitis heteroclita difformis. Although it originates from the Philippine island of Negros, the plant was just recently identified as a suitable aquarium plant.
Although the underwater portion of the plant grows extremely slowly and has smaller, parsley-like leaves than the portion of the plant that has emerged, the plant may grow submerged or immersed. Until the roots gain control and begin to build an anchor, the plant can be grown twine-attached to rocks or driftwood.
The plant is about three inches tall, dark green in color, and has delicate, pinnate leaves. Bolbitis heteroclita difformis will eventually grow into a thick carpet if the correct circumstances are present.
By severing daughter plants from the parent stem or using cuttings, you may very readily multiply the plant. Rhizomes will be produced by the plant to spread, but it grows extremely slowly.
No matter what kind of tank you have, Vallisneria is a good all-around choice. Although we’ll be considering it from the perspective of a Betta fish owner for our purposes, you may surely use it for other reasons as well!
This plant requires about the least amount of upkeep possible. Your sole responsibility after proper planting will be to occasionally prune it. That’s actually how easy it is.
If left unmanaged, the long, thin leaves of vallisneria can become fairly large. This implies that even with only one or two plants, you may significantly alter the appearance and atmosphere of your tank.
Keep in mind that a really dense Vallisneria bed might be a touch too dense for Betta fish to maneuver through. It’s a terrific Betta fish plant as long as you keep it up and keep things from going out of control.
Pogostemon stellatus ‘Octopus’
Another excellent background plant that will rapidly fill your betta fish tank with lush greens is this unusual stem plant. The term “octopus” refers to the fact that each node on the stem produces a number of long, wispy leaves that resemble octopus legs swaying in the stream of the water.
It may get rather tall in a short period of time, as is true with most stem plants. Simply cut off the plant’s top half and replant it in the substrate to propagate it. In little time at all, the plant cutting will grow new roots and leaves, transforming into a lovely jungle gym for your betta to play in.
The adaptable aquarium plant pennywort may grow on, below, or above the water’s surface. It is a well-liked plant for Betta tanks since it is simple to maintain and has little lighting requirements.
The plant has spicy overtones reminiscent of black pepper and is even edible for humans if you’re so inclined.
In order to absorb light, pennywort rises to the surface naturally at a rate of up to an inch per week, where it provides excellent shelter for Bettas. It tends to cover the surface rapidly, so keep trimming it to prevent the surface from being overgrown (this can be dangerous for Bettas since they often breath from the surface).
Pennywort is a fascinating and attractive plant that is ideal for most Betta aquariums, provided you don’t let it take over your tank.
An aquatic plant called duckweed is exceedingly simple to produce and is ideal for giving your betta’s tank a genuine, marshy feel.
The plant also provides the ideal environment for bubble-nesting and is quite good at absorbing extra nutrients from the water. Duckweed is a fish favorite! It offers protection and shelter to weak fry and is a great hiding place for timid species.
Duckweed has have a drawback, too, in that it spreads quickly and can be hard to control once it has established itself in the tank.
Any flow rate may be tolerated by duckweed, and it spreads horrifyingly quickly. In just one day, a single plant may reproduce three times!
If the water surface is completely covered by duckweed, your betta won’t be able to feed or breathe when he needs to.
Additionally, the weed will prevent plants at the setup’s lower levels from receiving essential light, which will slow their growth. Using a ring of plastic tubing to limit the surface area that the plant may cover is a straightforward and hassle-free method of controlling duckweed.