Hummingbirds In Ohio

The state of Ohio, known as the “heart of it all,” offers a wealth of opportunities for breathtaking getaways and complete escapes to nature, including the Old Man’s Cave, Whispering Cave, and Brandywine Falls. The spectacular kinds of hummingbirds that periodically visit Ohio are undoubtedly a part of its allure.

There are 443 native bird species in Ohio, but none of them come close to hummingbirds in terms of beauty. These little guys are well-known for their vivid colors, long bills, and extremely quick wingbeats. But just one species of hummingbird—the Ruby-throated hummingbird—regularly inhabits the state.

However, uncommon or stray hummingbirds from North America such the Mexican Violetear, Rufous hummingbird, Anna’s hummingbird, Allen’s hummingbird, Black-chinned hummingbird, and Calliope hummingbird occasionally stop at this location.

Let’s examine at each hummingbird on this list independently so you can recognize them on your own.

Types of Hummingbirds in Ohio

We’ve compiled a list of hummingbirds that may be observed in the state of Ohio based on the range maps provided by reliable websites like and You can discover the name of the species, images of what it looks like, details regarding appearance, and information on where and when you might be able to spot it for each species on this list. The two more widespread species will be listed first, followed by the three rarer ones.

For advice on luring hummingbirds to your yard, read on. You can also check this article to learn when hummingbirds will be returning to your state.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird – Archilochus colubris

Male and female Rufous Hummingbirds may be easily distinguished by coloration and markings. The males have a little white patch under their neck and a magnificent coat of blazing orange.

Their iridescent feathers may also include traces of green. Females, on the other hand, have duller coats that are white, rust-colored, and light and dark brown in hue. Females frequently have a little orange patch on their necks. You might be able to make out a pattern of brown patches on the female’s head if you look attentively.

These hummingbirds are between 2 and 5 grams in weight and 7-9 cm tall. 11 cm are the size of their wingspans.

Habitat: Parks, clearings, meadows, and backyards are frequent habitats for rufous hummingbirds. These birds may be seen in Ohio, but they are also known to flourish up to 12,600 feet above sea level in high elevation situations!

Diet: Rufous Hummingbirds like to consume a variety of insects in addition to nectar from blossoming flowers and feeders. They have a reputation for munching on gnats and other little insects.

The Rufous Hummingbird in More Detail.

The extensive migratory routes of these hummingbirds are well recognized. They move to Mexico during the winter after reproducing in Alaska. Each year, a few Rufous Hummingbirds are seen in Ohio, however they are not very frequent. Even in the winter, several of these species venture thus far north.

You could see a Rufous Hummingbird if you remember to keep your feeders filled throughout the winter. They may be aggressive over a good food supply, much like other hummingbirds can be. Even when interacting with larger species, a Rufous Hummingbird could display aggressive behavior!

Mexican Violetear (Colibri Thelassinus)

Mexican violetears have bluish-green tails, emerald to metallic green breasts, and violet spots on their faces. This species’ female hummingbirds are a little bit smaller and duller than the males.

Additional Information:
Native to tropical highlands and wooded Mexico to Nicaragua, the Mexican violetear is a medium-sized hummingbird. These little birds are uncommon, non-breeding visitors to Ohio.

Mexican violetears are known to be quite vocal, and while courting in their territories, they will sing a jerky, metallic, chipping sound. In order to attract females, the male Mexican violetear also flies in an intriguing u-shape pattern.

You’ll see that while foraging in mid-level canopies, these lovely birds almost always browse alone. They do, however, occasionally congregate in open spaces with blooming trees, particularly Coffee-shade Inga.

For what it’s worth, in the spring, around late April, when these little gentlemen struggle to locate enough food sources in the wild, you may set up a feeder. Even though Mexican violetear hummingbirds aren’t very numerous, ruby-throated hummingbirds are the most often encountered species.

Further Information on the Mexican Violet-Ear Hummingbird
These birds, as their name implies, are common year-round inhabitants of Mexico and the surrounding Central American nations.

Nevertheless, it is known for this hummingbird to go far enough north to reach the United States and even southern Canada. It would be unusual but not unheard of to see one in Ohio. They are uncommon to observe in Ohio, but their population is steady. These hummingbirds have evolved to survive in deforested areas and prosper in suburban and urban areas.

Anna’s Hummingbird

These birds have very little sexual dimorphism; both males and females have a large proportion of green and grey feathers on their bodies.

The biggest distinction between the sexes is that the males additionally have distinctive pink feathers on their necks. These birds use gardens frequently, but you may also find them in open wooded settings.

Hummingbirds from Anna’s species are not monogamous throughout the breeding seasons and do not form long-term breeding couples.

However, men continue to utilize elaborate courting rituals to entice females. They will occasionally sing a wooing song when they conduct swooping dives as part of these displays.

Only a very little portion of America’s eastern border is covered by this bird’s range. But outside of their mating seasons, they have been seen in Ohio. The center and eastern regions of the state have seen the most sightings of this species.

Anna’s Hummingbird Information
Don’t anticipate seeing one of these species at your feeder since they are another unintentional visitor to Ohio. This very noisy species has a reputation for putting on a show to entice possible mates.

Males soar above 100 feet before plummeting to the ground with a shower of feathers and a commotion. Particularly in California, where the birds serve as essential pollinators, the Anna’s Hummingbird is a significant component of the environment.

Calliope Hummingbird

Rare hummingbird visitors to Ohio include calliope hummingbirds. They are white from below and have green backs and crowns. The black tails of Calliope hummingbirds have white tips, while the females and juvenile birds have pinkish sides. Males, on the other hand, have black tails, red stripes across the neck, and green flanks.

The wingspan of a calliope hummingbird is 11 cm, and its length is between 7 and 10 cm. They are indigenous to high altitude regions with open bushes and a bleed-friendly environment. They are ranked among the tiniest American migratory birds.

To gain an edge, they depart from their nesting areas early in order to consume nectar from late-summer blooms. They sip floral sap using their large, extendible tongue. They also consume tiny insects as food.

A male will show up sooner to stake out a nesting area. They hover with faster wing flapping during courting, making a buzzing noise. To entice and appeal to a female, various feathers are flapped, sending various signals. In Ohio, a few have been seen in the spring and fall stopping by a bird feeder.

Further Information about the Calliope Hummingbird
This species has the name of Calliope, Homer’s muse. The Illiad and the Oddesy are claimed to have been influenced by Calliope. The last time one of these little birds was spotted in Ohio was in 2017.

The Calliope Hummingbird has even been observed chasing off birds as big and strong as Red-Tailed Hawks, displaying the sprightliness that most hummingbirds are known for.

Rufous Hummingbirds

When it comes to sharing feeders and driving other hummingbirds away, rufous hummingbirds are renowned for being particularly “feisty.” Males have an orange-red throats and a white patch on their upper breasts. Females have a speckled throat, rusty spots, and a green body.

They fly across the Rockies on their way back down in the fall after spending the summer in the Pacific Northwest and Canada. They migrate up via California in the spring. Although the rufous hummingbird is regarded as a native of the western United States, it is likely that ruby-throated hummingbirds are more frequently spotted in the east.

In Ohio, reports of rufous hummingbird sightings have been made. Although they’re not as numerous as ruby-throated hummingbirds, several are seen by dedicated hummingbird watchers in the state each year. In Ohio, they are mostly visible in the late fall and winter.

Rough-legged Hummingbird Information
The extensive migratory routes of these hummingbirds are well recognized. They move to Mexico during the winter after reproducing in Alaska. Each year, a few Rufous Hummingbirds are seen in Ohio, however they are not very frequent. Even in the winter, several of these species venture thus far north.

You could see a Rufous Hummingbird if you remember to keep your feeders filled throughout the winter. They may be aggressive over a good food supply, much like other hummingbirds can be. Even when interacting with larger species, a Rufous Hummingbird could display aggressive behavior!

Black-chinned Hummingbird- Archilochus alexandri

You might find it difficult to accept that the male and female Black-chinned Hummingbirds belong to the same species due to their different colors and markings. The males have magnificent purple collars and black heads. Their body is an understated blend of white, light brown, gray, and a smattering of mild green. The females are covered in a grayish-white front and a golden-green cloak with brown-tipped wings.

Size: These hummingbirds have a wingspan of around 9 cm and weigh between 2 and 5 grams. Usually, they have 11 centimeter wingspan.

The Black-chinned Hummingbird can adapt to a variety of habitats. This bird, which dwells in deserts, mountains, and cities, has been often observed throughout the west coast of the United States.

Diet: Hummingbirds frequently visit backyard feeders. They like chowing down on nectar and tiny insects like gnats and spiders.

Further Information on the Black-chinned Hummingbird

The most recent addition to the list of hummingbirds seen in Ohio is this one. In actuality, the first sighting was claimed in 2020. Although this species of hummingbird usually stays in Mexico and the Western United States, it is possible for them to make “accidental” trips to other places.

Allen’s Hummingbird (Selasphorus Sasin)

Male Allen’s hummingbirds have rust-colored bellies, tails, and eye patches together with green bodies and iridescent coppery-orange throats. The females resemble one another but lack the neck patch’s color.

In addition, the backs of both sexes are coppery green. In addition, young Allen’s resemble female Rufous hummingbirds, making it difficult to distinguish between the two.

Additional Details:
A little species of hummingbird related to rufous hummingbirds is the Allen’s hummingbird. Allen’s hummingbirds, which are indigenous to coastal California, wind up in Ohio by mistake after getting lost outside of their usual area.

Males Typically territorial and violent, Allen’s hummingbirds even hunt other, larger birds. Charles A. Allen, a well-known bird collector from California, is responsible for the Allen’s hummingbird’s well-known name.

Allen’s hummingbirds eat native plants and nectar-rich blooms in their natural habitat. They do, however, occasionally take pleasure in hopping from feeder to feeder.

Details Regarding the Allen’s Hummingbird

Due to their similar coloring, the Allen’s Hummingbird and the Rufous Hummingbird are sometimes mistaken for one another. The form of the tail feathers is where the distinction is seen, though. The tail feathers of the Rufous Hummingbird feature a unique notched tip. Spottings have occurred, but not recently (within the last ten years), and are thought to be an unintentional visitor to Ohio.

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

One of the hummingbirds you’ll regularly encounter in Ohio sipping on the local nectar is the broad-tailed hummingbird. The broad-tailed is a medium-sized species in the genus, with a length of 10 cm and a wingspan of 13.3 cm.

When compared to male species, females are somewhat bigger. They have a back that has an iridescent green tint, white around the eyes, and a black tail with a rounded tip. The female has a paler coloring than the male, who has a red neck patch.

To communicate, broad-tailed hummingbirds beat their wings and make noise. Males and females may hear the male’s loud wing thumping during courting displays from 50 and 75 meters away, respectively.

It reproduces in central Montana before moving on to other regions. It is an unintentional guest in Ohio.


The sole common species in Ohio is the Ruby-throated hummingbird, but there are five others to watch out for; ideally, your bird feeders will provide you the chance to photograph any of the other uncommon, visiting species.

Here is a nice article about 26 well-known birds in Ohio if you’re curious to learn more about birds in Ohio.