Hummingbirds in Minnesota

Have you ever wondered why Minnesota is known as “The State of 10,000 Lakes”? It comes as a result of the state’s more than 12,000 lakes. The abundance of birds in Minnesota is another amazing feature. The hummingbirds, a particular kind of bird found in Minnesota, will be the subject of our attention today.

Hummingbirds may be found in 340 different species in the Americas, with 17 of them species being native to the United States.

Seven of these 17 hummingbird species are found in Minnesota. All of the hummingbird species that may be found in Minnesota are covered in this page.

Hummingbird Species In Minnesota

Seven distinct hummingbird species are either frequent visitors to Minnesota or fall into the category of hummingbirds that are said to as accidental or uncommon visitors. Only one of the seven is a year-round resident and a native hummingbird to Minnesota; the other two are frequent residents and unintended visits; and the remaining five are uncommon species.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

In Minnesota, ruby-throated hummingbirds are a popular summertime sight. They often begin to migrate in the spring in April, but primarily in May. Up to one or two weeks before the females, males often arrive.

The fall migration typically lasts from September until Mid-October, however some birds stay around longer.

The male Ruby-throated Hummingbirds have an iridescent red throat, and both sexes have vivid green throats and backs with gray-white undersides. Female Ruby-throated Hummingbirds have white undersides, green backs, and brownish crowns and sides.

The only hummingbird species that breeds in eastern North America is the Ruby-throated Hummingbird, which subsequently migrates farther south to Central America. Some travel across Texas along the coast or over the Gulf of Mexico.

For breeding, they begin to arrive in the deep south in February and may not reach the northern states and Canada until May. In August and September, they begin their southward migration.

These little birds fly from one nectar source to another, catching insects in the air or on webs of spiders. They will occasionally rest on a tiny branch, but because of their short legs, they can only shuffle along a perch.

The best locations to look for them outside in the summer are flowering gardens or woodland margins. They are very widespread in urban areas, particularly around nectar feeders.

Male The aggressiveness of Ruby-throated Hummingbirds may be seen in their protection of feeders and flowers. After mating, they do not stay around for very long; by early August, they may have moved away.

Ruby-throated females construct their nests on slender twigs out of thistle or dandelion down that is bound together by spider silk. They produce 1-3 eggs that are only 0.6 inches in diameter (1.3 cm)

Anna’s Hummingbird

The Anna’s Hummingbird is a California native, but due to its adaptability, it has been able to extend its range north and east while searching for exotic blooms in city gardens.

It bears the name Anna Massena in recognition of the generous supporter of research and the Duchess of Rivoli. The Anna’s hummingbird has been seen consuming gnats and even sand and ashes during the winter, which presumably provides them with vital nutrients.

How to Recognize. The medium-sized Anna’s Hummingbird has a straight, black beak that is about the same size. A red gorget is worn by the masculine. Contrary to Costa’s and Black-Chinned Hummingbirds, Anna’s Hummingbird often hovers with its tail stationary.

Hummingbird Range & Migration Map of Anna. The Anna’s Hummingbird is a frequent resident of California, but it has also expanded its range south to southern Arizona and north to the western coast of Washington. In western Texas, it is an uncommon winter visitor.

Rufous Hummingbirds

Named for its rufous (rust-colored) face, tail, and flanks, which are particularly evident in the males, rufous hummingbirds are little hummingbirds. They also have a white breast, gorget (throat feathers) that are colored red and orange, and green feathers on their backs.

The females’ necks are covered in white, orange, and green feathers, with less color show. They have a black tail with white ends and a rufous base. A little bit less of the male is smaller than the female.

Informational Material. Inadvertent arrivals of the Rufous Hummingbird in Minnesota. They will arrive the first week of May and depart close to the end of September.

The Rufous Hummingbird has a reputation for being a bold, aggressive species that will defend flowers and nectar feeders by chasing other species, larger birds, or rodents away from its feeding grounds.

In order to take advantage of the wildflower season, they migrate over the Rocky Mountain ranges between May and September, covering a distance of around 2,000 miles while doing so. They like spending the winter in Guerrero, Mexico.

Calliope Hummingbird

The Calliope Hummingbirds are shockingly little, even by their standards, despite the fact that all hummingbirds are predicted to be petite in size. These hummingbirds are called after Calliope, a figure from Greek mythology who serves as the inspiration for eloquence and epic poetry.

These are the smallest species of hummingbird found in the US. Only the Bumblebee Hummingbirds, which are not native to the nation but just show up here accidentally as vagrants, are smaller than them.

These birds, which breed in alpine forests, willow and alder thickets, and meadows, are only passing through Minnesota during their migratory season.

The back and head of calliope hummingbirds are glossy green, while the underparts are white. In their throats, males have wine-red stripes that are replaced on females and young by darker streaks.

The ladies’ flanks are washed pink in color as opposed to the males’ green color. While both sexes have black tails, only the female’s tail has a white tip. Although Rufous and Allen’s Hummingbirds and Calliope Hummingbirds are relatively similar, the latter two are much bigger and should not be mistaken with the former.

The Calliope Hummingbird is renowned for its exceptional courtship behavior. The buzzing sound produced by the males’ repetitive wing flapping while wooing the females draws the latter to them. The males’ reputation for promiscuity, which includes mating with many females throughout breeding season, is also well-known.

Mexican Violetear

Mexican Violetears are a rare accidental species found in Minnesota. Non-breeding Mexican Violetears have been observed as far north as Minnesota, although this has only happened very infrequently. Some may travel north into the United States more frequently to Texas.

Mexican Violetears are medium-sized hummingbirds that have violet spots on the sides of their heads and breasts and are metallic green overall.

Though they are identical, males are somewhat bigger and brighter than females.

Mexican Violetears may be found as far south as the highlands of Bolivia and Venezuela. They breed in forests in Mexico, Central America, and Nicaragua.

Learn how to use plants and flowers to entice hummingbirds. how to manufacture your own sugar water is also provided.

Rivoli’s Hummingbird

Rivoli’s hummingbird is named after the Duke of Rivoli, Anna’s husband, much like Anna’s hummingbird is named after a Rivoli family member.

In order to distinguish itself from another species that has a blue gorget as opposed to the purple one that Rivoli’s hummingbird has, this species was previously known as the Magnificent Hummingbird. This particular bird is well-liked for its lengthy body and gorgeous green and purple hues! The hummingbird species it belongs to has one of the longest bills, and its heart rate may go as high as 1,200 bpm!

How to Recognize. The hummingbirds of Rivoli are brilliantly colorful, with splotches of yellow and waves of green, blue, and purple. They are a pretty huge type of hummingbird compared to other hummingbirds that are native to the US, and they are simple to detect because of their quite lengthy, towering statures!

Hummingbird Range & Migration Map by Rivoli. The mountain ranges of western Texas, southeastern Arizona, and south-central New Mexico are where Rivoli’s hummingbirds often breed. The banded birds have traveled hundreds of kilometers in a season, and the males are very migratory.

Colorado (May to October), Alabama (September to February), Arkansas (July), California (April), Georgia (winter), Minnesota (July), Nevada (June), Utah (July), and Wyoming are among the states where this species has been spotted (June to July).

Costa’s Hummingbirds

Adult Costa’s Hummingbirds have glossy green top plumage, straight, long, dull black beak, dark brown to black eyes, dark brown to black feet, and whitish belly plumage with greenish flanks as their primary physical characteristics.

The neck and cap of the adult male are purple and iridescent, making them most distinctive. The female has a mostly white gorget instead of a colorful neck patch or cap.

Informational Material. Costa’s Hummingbirds are uncommon unintentional visitors to Minnesota, with only a few sightings reported in the state.

The smallest bird in the US is the Costa’s Hummingbird. Each year, they migrate from the Pacific Coast to Mexico for the winter, covering a distance of around 5,000 miles in the process.

Although they are little birds, they are territorial, and during the breeding season it’s not uncommon to witness one chasing birds as big as Red-tailed Hawks away from their territory.

Green Violet-Ear Hummingbird

Due to their profusion in Mexico, the Green Violet-ears are also known as “Mexican Violet-ears” in many regions of the United States.

Despite being native to Central America and Mexico, these vibrant hummingbirds travel far with the seasons and may also be seen in Missouri, Georgia, Florida, Minnesota, Kentucky, and California. Some of them even venture to Canada.

The Green Violet-ears resemble their name rather well. The males have iridescent blue heads and backs with grassy green top plumage. They have a dark blue tail with a notch that looks squarish, and their rump and belly are bronze in hue.

The only visual differences between the females and the males are that the ladies are somewhat duller and smaller in stature. The juvenile birds’ olive-green plumage replaces their grassy-green counterparts, and they are noticeably duller than the adults. The Green Violet-ears are energetic singers whose song has a “cheep chut chut, chip cheet”-like sound. They make a loud “chut” as their calling sound.

Green Violet-ears favor the nectar of flowers with a high sugar content in their diet. Once they locate such plants, they fiercely defend it to keep other hummingbirds away. They may also be observed eating while hanging on a bloom.

How to Attract Minnesota Hummingbirds to Your Yard

Would you like to observe more hummingbirds in your yard?

To assist you in doing that, our website has all the information you require. We advise reading our article on luring hummingbirds to your yard first. You’ll now know the fundamentals of what you need to do to draw hummingbirds.

Reading our buyer’s guide to choose the best hummingbird feeder is therefore something we’d advise. The easiest approach to ensure that hummingbirds will visit your yard is to set up one or more hummingbird feeders.

Hummingbirds may be attracted in a variety of various ways, including by purchasing a birdbath and planting hummingbird-friendly native flowers.

Best Nectar Feeders for Attracting Hummingbirds in Minnesota

Hummingbirds may be territorial, therefore it’s preferable to place a few feeders around your property since I believe the more the better. To have hummingbirds flying all over your yard, we have chosen the best hummingbird feeders for you.

Perky-Pet Window Mount Hummingbird Feeder is the best window-mounted hummingbird feeder available.

When the next hummingbird uses this feeder, count its wingbeats!

The First Nature Hummingbird Flower Feeder is the best all-purpose feeder.

This feeder not only feeds several hummingbirds at once, but it is so inexpensive that you want to buy more of them so that your yard is constantly buzzing with hummers.

The Grateful Gnome Hummingbird Feeder is the best ornamental feeder.

In addition to being beautiful, this hand-blown glass feeder draws a lot of hummers.


Seven distinct hummingbirds visit Minnesota, and only one of these is a native to the state. The other is an usual accidental visitor, whereas the other five have only sometimes been seen in Minnesota.

Minnesota is rich with great birdlife, and in addition to hummingbirds, you may observe a variety of amazing species if you keep an eye out. To understand more about the unique bird populations in Minnesota, read this list of 25 more bird species that may be found here.