Horse Breed Chart

In what variety of horses does the world exist? So, what set them apart from the rest of the world? In our extensive horse breeds article, you’ll find answers to these questions as well as more.

According to a new research, all modern horses are descendants of two principal horse kinds, despite the fact that there are approximately 350 horse breeds and ponies across the globe. The Turkoman and Arabian horses are examples of these.

Domestication of horses started about 6,000 years ago in Eurasia and has been going on for over 160,000 years. These creatures have been used as carriers and fighters for a long time.

Horses are nowadays reared as recreational animals, with racing tournaments, hunting, riding, or simply as pets being among their uses.

Horses and ponies are the two broad types of horses. Ponies are horses who are smaller than 56.8 inches tall. Before we discuss each of these categories, let’s understand why people love horses.

List of Different Types of Horses

So, how many horse breeds are there?

So there are roughly 350 horse and pony breeds. Working and racing, as well as equestrian competition and recreational riding, are all distinctive characteristics of each horse breed.

For a variety of different reasons that we will explore later, many horse aficionados will pick one breed over the other. Nevertheless, here are the most prevalent and widespread horse breeds.

Vladimir Heavy Draft

The former Soviet Union is home to the Vladimir Heavy Draft horse. They came from Vladimir and Ivanovo, two settlements north of Moscow, hence their names. Bred from imported draft horse blood, it was originally bred.

In 1946, Vladimir gave a breed its own name. These horses are employed for draft labor and troika sleighs, and are extremely sturdy, calm, and quick-maturing.

Welsh Pony

The Welsh Pony, like the Shetland Pony of Scotland, is a robust and hearty breed. This kind, which originated in England (specifically Wales), has been used for a variety of tasks, from pulling carts to transporting riders.

Welsh Ponies are still bred in England, as well as the United States and Canada today.

American Quarter Horse

The American quarter horse is renowned for its quickness, docility, and athleticism. It is embraced by beginning and professional equestrians all around the globe.

It has the world’s largest breed registry, having been developed in the 1600s from English and Spanish thoroughbreds mixed with native breeds like the Native American Chickasaw horse. On the trail and in the show ring, these horses are dazzling stars.


Newcomers to the horse world are the Knabstruppers. In the mid-1800s, on the Knabstrupgaard estate in Denmark, the first foal was born. The Knabustrupper nearly went extinct shortly after its formation due to inbreeding and a fire that killed 22 breeding horses.

Denmark and the United States are now breeding these horses.


The bloodlines of this German breed date back to the Middle Ages. The Hanoverian was developed from a warhorse and subsequently crossed with horses from Spain and Asia to create a cavalry-type horse.

When King George II (King of England, though he was a German) built his famed stud and training facility in 1735, the breed took off.


Despite its relative youth in the equine world, the Clydesdale is one of the most well-known draft horse breeds (Budweiser anyone?) These draft horses, which were first introduced in Scotland in the 1700s, were almost exclusively used to pull wagons and other vehicles.

During the 1960s, Clydesdales were often seen pulling milk and vegetable carts. Clydesdales are more often born in America than in Scotland, despite the fact that they are still bred there.

Clydesdales were first bred in the River Clyde district of Scotland. The Budweiser Horses are the most well-known of them.

Chestnut coat, white stockings, and a blaze face are part of the common Clydesdale color pattern. They may be bay, black, or gray, with roan as an option.

Size: 16 to 18 hands and over 2,000 pounds


The most popular racing horses in North America are thoroughbreds. The breed is known for its speed, agility, and spirit, making it a “hot-blooded” horse.

Apart from racing, this versatile horse may have a diverse career in other equestrian disciplines, such as dressage and jumping. It may also live a happy life as a riding animal companion.

Appaloosa Horse

Appaloosa is a famous spotted horse that has been around for millennia. In America, it’s quite popular.

Appaloosa is a dedicated, gentle, and loving companion in addition to their obvious beauty. They’re a fantastic breed for equestrians and are typically eager and willing to please.

For warfare, hunting, and transportation, the Nez Perce recreated the Appaloosa. The Appaloosa of today is still a multifunctional horse. Long-distance trail riding, rodeo activities, working cattle, English and Western riding sports, and other uses are all possible with it.

It’s a pleasant, nice, and enjoyable horse to be around because it’s so gentle and friendly.

Physical characteristics include things like height, weight, and eye color. Its speckled skin, coat pattern, striped hooves, and white sclera will all clue you in to what it is.

Any other traits mentioned above, as well as mottled skin or a recognized coat pattern, must be present for the horse to be classified.


The Akhal-Tekes have been around for nearly 3,000 years, according to legend. They are thought to have been developed by Turkoman tribes and originate from Turkmenistan in Northern Iran.

Cavalry members and racehorses have traditionally utilized them. The Akhal-Tekes are well-known for their tenacity, vigor, and ability to live in barren and semiarid situations.

Orlov Trotter

In the late 1800s, a Russian Count created the Orlov Trotter in Russia. The Orlov Trotter was developed specifically for riding and harness racing, unlike many of its equine relatives.

The Orlov Trotter was developed by crossing a range of European mares with Arabian stallions, despite the fact that it is regarded as a Russian horse. Orlovs are now only bred in Russia and the Ukraine today.

Morgan Horse

The Morgan horse breed is highly regarded because of its strength and elegance. The Morgan’s muscle was utilized to clear and till New England fields during colonial times, making it the official horse breed of Vermont. It’s a popular driving and riding horse today. In the show ring, it’s surefooted and dignified.

The versatility of Morgan breed horses is well-liked. Several Western and English competitions utilize this breed.

Several races, such as endurance riding, cutting, Western Pleasure, show jumping, and dressage may be seen with this horse breed, which was initially created in the United States. Morgan horses accounted for over 175,000 in 2005 all around the world.

Morgan horse breeds are friendly and seek to please their owners at all costs. They’re adaptable and maintainable in a variety of situations. The horse can be handled by both expert and amateur horse lovers.

In the 19th century, Morgan horses were quite valuable since they were one of the first breeds of horses in the United States. During the American Civil War, their distinctive qualities saw them utilized as coach horses, riding horses, and even cavalry horses.

Thoroughbred Horses

Racehorses are popular, but thoroughbred horses may also perform other activities such as fox hunting, polo, jumping, dressage, and combined training.

Thoroughbreds are described as “hot-blooded” horses, which means they’re athletic, smart, bold, and energetic. As a crossbreed of local meres and imported Arabian, Turkoman, and Barb stallions, it is of English origin.

In the 1730s, thoroughbred horses were brought to North America for the first time, and they are now found all over the globe.


The Arabian’s roots are hazy and uncertain. Arabians may have lived in the Middle East up to 5000 years ago, according to records. Only mares were ridden into battle until recently, and stallions were reserved for breeding. With breeding farms across the United States, Arabians are immensely popular in America.


The French breed Percheron exists. Nowadays, France is the primary place of breeding; nonetheless, a tiny but thriving population can be found in the United States.

Crossbreeding between European native “Forest Horses” and Arabs, who were brought to Europe by the Moors centuries ago, gave birth to the Percheron. The Percheron has been used to pull everything from stagecoaches to farm equipment in the past, and it was originally used for transportation and draft work.


A horse’s temperament, size, and origin are classified as “hot-blooded,” “warm-blooded,” or “cold-blooded” in equine circles. Warmblood horses with a European ancestry include medium-size horses such as the American quarter horse, Hanoverian, Cleveland bay, and Canadian.

They have a calm demeanor of “cold-blooded” working horses mixed with the temper you get from lithe, “hot-blooded” thoroughbreds or Arabs. That makes for a popular horse because of its balanced temperament.


The stature of a pony makes it a popular breed of horse. They’re less scary, making them a excellent option for beginning horse riders. They were developed as landrace to withstand harsh environmental conditions and come in a variety of breeds.

They have bigger barrels, shorter legs, shorter heads, and thicker necks when compared to other horse breeds. Driving is the only job of some pony breeds, such as the Hackney pony, while riding is the only job of others, such as the Connemara and Australian pony. Both driving and riding are done with Welsh ponies.

Ponies are kind, clever, and maybe deceitful or obstinate. They’re perfect for youngsters who want to learn how to ride. Since they are already quite powerful, adults may also ride bigger ponies.

Due to its small size, people unfamiliar with horses might mistake a pony for a young horse.


Although it is believed that the current version of the Lusitano breed is descended from the Andalusian (or similar breed), its origins are somewhat unknown. The Lusitano was first employed as a cavalry mount in Portugal, as were many of its cousins. In Portugal’s bullfighting rings, they are most recognized for their quick footwork. They are still farmed mostly in Portugal and Spain.

Light horses/Hot blooded

The most frequent breed of horse is the light horse. The majority of light horses are between 15 and 16 hh in height. Riding and dressage, leaping, and other equestrian sports call for light horses. Arabian and Thoroughbred horses are the two most popular light horse breeds.

Grade Horses

The term “grade horse” refers to the mutts of the horse world. It is a term used for horses of no particular breeding. Crosses are the consequence of deliberately created pedigreed horses, which distinguishes them from crossbreeds. Although mature horses may not have a lengthy history, they may be just as adaptable and devoted as any other. Many of the genetic illnesses that purebreds suffer from are also absent in their offspring.

Draft Horses

Several years ago, draft horses were quite popular for handling large loads. They were employed by armies to transport heavily armored soldiers in the heat of battle.

Because of their strong and size, they were also used on farms. You may still see individuals riding tractors, dragging a cart, or assisting on the farm, despite the fact that they have been replaced on the farm.

Draft horses have manes and robust coats that help them cope with the cold. They are huge and towering, and they’re not easily spooked.


In the Netherlands, the Friesian has a rich and illustrious history. This breed is the oldest domesticated breed in Europe and originated in Friesland, Northern Netherlands.

As agricultural labor and transportation became less reliant on literal horsepower, the breed almost went extinct just before World War I. Its numbers are currently increasing again. Although the Netherlands is still the primary location for breeding, there are a few US breeders.

Gaited Breeds

A smooth ride or ambling gait has been selected for certain gaited horses, which are a kind of horse. These horses move in a four-beat pattern and prefer to travel at an intermediate pace. Older riders, people with joint problems, and anyone else seeking a bounce-free ride may choose from breeds such as the Tennessee walking horse, Kentucky mountain saddle horse, Icelandic horse, and Paso Fino.

Tennessee Walker

The even temperament and unusual running walk of a Tennessee walker are its most well-known characteristics. In the Southern United States, the horse was created in the 18th century. Due to its gentle gait and uneven stance, it is still popular today.

Tennessee walkers were developed to offer a horseback riding option that was more comfortable and convenient throughout the day. Their all-day endurance and smooth gait were appreciated by plantation managers, circuit preachers, and country doctors.

They can move quicker because of their unique signature gait and running walk, which allows them to keep one foot on the ground at all times.

The modern Tennessee Walking Horse is beautiful, sophisticated, and well-built. It’s a giant horse with short ears and a long neck.


When King Frederick William I of Prussia decided he needed a new kind of horse for his cavalry in the mid-1700s, the breed as we know it today gained dominance. Trakehners were great competitors in the show ring during the World Wars, but only for a few decades.

But, after WWII, their population almost plummeted. Trakehners are currently on the rise once again. Germany is where they’re most often raised.

Andalusian Horse

The temperament of Andalusian horses is remarkable. They’re just extremely bright. They’re also courageous, sensitive, obedient, and gentle.

They have an insatiable appetite to learn and apply new strategies. This horse adapts quickly to new situations and places with little discomfort.

These horse sorts are simple to train and learn since they are obedient, responsive, and extremely cooperative.

Several equestrians, on the other hand, caution that working with these breeds should be done only by those who have extensive experience. Since they are swift, nimble, and muscular, this is the case.

Driving, bullfighting, classical dressage, and stock horses were originally all used Andalusian horses. Driving, showjumping, and dressage are all done today by Andulasians. In cinema, particularly fantasy epics and historical films, you may also see them.