Grassland Biome Animals

Millions of plants, animals, and insects make their homes in grassland environments all over the earth. Human development for housing, cities, and farmland threatens the homes of animals that live in grasslands.

Grasslands, often known as prairies, savannahs, or steppes, are frequently too arid for many trees to survive and are consequently covered in drought-tolerant grasses. Several herbivorous animals feed on these grasses, as well as the predators that consume them.

We’ll be discussing nine famous animals that dwell in grasslands across the globe in this article.


These are small or medium-size rodents that belong to the Sciuridae family of rodents. Tree squirrels, ground squirrels, chipmunks, marmots (including groundhogs), flying squirrels, and prairie dogs are all members of the squirrel family of rodents.

Humans brought squirrels to Australia after they were introduced to the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa.


From Canada to Mexico, and virtually every state in the United States, these iconic creatures formerly roamed the plains. Unfortunately, Europeans converted many grasslands into farmland and hunted the bison nearly to extinction when they settled in the Americas.

The American Bison Society was founded by Teddy Roosevelt in 1905, and it has worked tirelessly to save our national bison from extinction. Although the biggest herd is found in Yellowstone National Park, Bison, also known as buffalo, are now found in all 50 states.

Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus)

The Long-billed Curlew has a wide beak! This plump North American bird is recognized for its football-shaped body and long, thin curved beak. It is dressed in a light cinnamon wash. In drier grassland environments, long-billed Curlews use these bills to peck at insects. Outside of their breeding season, they may also forage for worms and shrimp in wetlands or mudflats.

They must breed in places with thin, short grasses and mixed-grass meadows, despite the fact that they are known as shorebirds. They stride across their open landscape, bobbing their head with bouncy steps, and they are proud and original in every way.


The caracal is a nocturnal cat that originated in Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. It has a stocky build, long legs, a short face, long tufted ears, and big canine fangs.

The ventral sections are lighter with small reddish patterns, and its coat is uniformly reddish tan or sandy. It weighs 8–19 kg (18–42 lb) and grows to 40–50 cm (16–20 in) at the shoulder.

Spotted Hyena

The spotted hyena, commonly known as the laughing hyena, is the largest member of the hyena family. Matriarchal creatures, which may include as many as 100 separate creatures, lead the pack and are led by a female. Surprisingly, the highest-ranking male hyena has a lower social rank than the lowest-ranking female.

Hyenas are known to hunt alongside lions in African grasslands. Lion cubs that are unaccompanied are frequently murdered by hyenas. From birth, hyena cubs are shovelling for supremacy, and they do it almost as soon as they are born.

African Elephant (Loxodonta africana)

Elephants are experts at standing out. On the face of the Earth, they are the world’s biggest land animals. Elephant families have a matriarchal head, despite the fact that males may weigh up to 6 tonnes. African elephants may be highly social and generous creatures as well. In reality, ecosystem engineers are how they’re called.

To maintain grasslands, the elephants use their tusks to dig up dry riverbeds, break small trees and bushes, and distribute plant seeds. Roots, grasses, fruit, and bark are all available for them to feed on in the savannas of Sub-Saharan Africa.


Burrowing rodents in the Geomyidae family include pocket gophers, also known as gophers. Their huge cheek pouches, which give them the term “pocket,” are one of their most defining characteristics.

With a tail 2.5–5 cm (1–2 in) long, gophers weigh around 200 g, about 15–20 cm in body length. Pocket gophers have a maximum lifespan of around five years and average lifespans of one to three years.

The color of the soil in which most gophers live is frequently matched by their fur, which is brown. Their propensity to ruin farms and gardens is well-known, as are their extensive tunneling operations.

Maned Wolf

Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina are among the countries where the maned wolf may be found. Fruits, veggies, small rodents, and insects are among the foods they consume.

The maned wolf, unlike other wolf species, is monogamous and mates for life. They raise their cubs together and have an average of two to five per year. Due to habitat degradation, these lovely creatures are increasingly endangered and in imminent danger of extinction.

Black-Footed Ferret (Mustela nigripes)

Ferrets are adorable, but they’re serious about their work. Ferrets are a lively and agile medium-sized member of the weasel family whose eponymous black feet have made them famous. They are called a “business” by a group of ferrets.

They hunt their primary source of food, prairie dogs, in temperate grasslands in North America. They certainly blend in with grassland vegetation and flora.

They may sleep up to 21 hours each day, being most active at dawn and dusk. They get up at night to hunt, eat, and care for their babies, known as kits. In litters of three to five, black-footed ferrets typically give birth to furry kits.

Kits are taught to go on hunting expeditions at around 90 days old, despite the fact that they are born blind and reliant on their underground shelters.

Brown hyenas

The brown hyena (Hyaenabrunnea) is now the only surviving species of hyena, with Strandwolfis as its scientific name. The long shaggy dark brown coat, pointed ears, and short tail distinguish brown hyenas from other species.

Namibia, Botswana, western and southern Zimbabwe, southern Mozambique, and South Africa are all home to this hyena species. IUCN places the brown hyena population in the range of 4,000 to 10,000 throughout the world, and it has listed it as a near-threatened species on its Red List.


Badgers live in grasslands and belong to several species. The American badger, honey badger, and European badger are the three primary species. Little rodents, birds, lizards, fish, and insects are the main sources of food for all three.

The badger is a hunter who adapts to his environment. Even if they aren’t hungry, they’ll frequently capture prey they encounter. They store the food for future use if this occurs.

Badgers are largely solitary creatures, although they do mate once a year. There are three kits per average litter.

Plains Zebra (Equus quagga)

Plains zebras and you share a lot in common if you’re a gourmet who enjoys traveling! They’re hungry herbivores that travel a lot! In reality, for food, they’ll travel up to 2,900 kilometers. Most of it is red oat grass.

Plains zebra graze on a wide range of grasses for two-thirds of the day. They can be found in small family groups known as harems across the savannas of over 15 African countries. A male or stallion, multiple females, and their offspring are commonly found in these.

They are sociable and protective of others, which is without a doubt. Plains zebras are known to stay close to their biological family members, despite the fact that they may go in large groups. The males follow the foal and female zebras, prepared to protect their family from predators while they run.

Black-footed Ferrets

Black-footed ferrets have been reintroduced after being thought extinct globally. Black-footed ferrets have had a second chance for survival over the last thirty years thanks to concerted efforts by a number of state and federal agencies, zoos, Native American tribes, conservation groups, and private landowners.

The black-footed ferret population has been restored to almost 300 animals in North America thanks to recovery efforts. Even so, this extremely vulnerable species is still threatened by habitat destruction and disease.


The vision of mustangs galloping across the plains may pop into your mind when you think of American heritage. These magnificent creatures are the result of Spanish explorers bringing horses to the Americas. They are technically feral, despite the fact that we think of them as wild.

The BLM or Bureau of Land Management is currently in charge of mustangs, which may be found across most of the United States. The capacity of these creatures to self-regulate reproduction is a point of contention between the BLM and animal rights activists.

Most herds are rounded up and thinned out on a regular basis in order to avoid overpopulation and starvation. The BLM allows the public to adopt the animals removed from the herds.

Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)

The swiftest hoofed animal in North America, the graceful and watchful pronghorn antelope can reach speeds of up to 60 miles per hour.

Grasslands provide these herbivores important nutrients for their diets, in addition to providing them with free, open land for running. They also provide them with sage, forbs, and other prairie plants. To conceal their offspring while foraging, female pronghorns seek shelter in the vegetation of grasslands.

Mothers of pronghorn often stay within 2 miles of them. These young pronghorns, on the other hand, should not be underestimated. The tiny pronghorns can travel, forage, and outrun a human being in a matter of days after their birth. Grasslands, on the other hand, provide a nice habitat for the fawns!


Jaguars can only survive in large swaths of tropical rainforest and riverbanks. Swimming and climbing are two of their strong skills. The survival of these magnificent cats is threatened by hunting and habitat destruction caused by deforestation.

WWF has helped to safeguard huge areas of Amazon woodland for jaguars in Brazil by collaborating with the government. To better understand the habitat needs of jaguars, WWF keeps a eye on them in Peru.


The bustards are a group of Old World terrestrial birds that prefer to live in the steppes and grasslands. The great bustard, lesser florican, and blue korhaan are just a few of the 26 bustard species recognized.

Insects, lizards, seeds, fruit, leaves, and buds of plants are all foods for these birds. They are part of bigger same-sex groups that come together to breed. They dwell in medium-sized same-sex groups. The females will typically lay two eggs, and each male will mate with several females.

Przewalski’s Horse (Equus ferus przewalskii)

The only wild horse species left in the world is Przewalski’s horses. Mongolia, China, and Kazakhstan’s steppes are home to them. Mongolian steppes are a fantastic habitat for their nomadic diet, which is mostly made up of grass and other shrubbery. In reality, these steppes are home to the world’s biggest expanse of unaltered grasslands.

These little and stocky horses may find refuge there. Przewalski’s horses have a zebra-like mane and swish a black plumed tail, as well as being muscular and pony-like. The name “takhi” in Mongolian means “spirit,” and these uncommon dune-colored horses are known as “takhi.”


With one or two nose horns, the Rhinoceros is quick-paced and has thick skin. Mammal Rhinoceros weigh from 2,400 to 5,000 pounds and range in height from 3 1/2 feet to 6 1/2 feet at the shoulder. Rhinos are in danger of extinction because they are hunted for their horns.

They eat grass and other materials and are mostly herbivores. Black and white rhinos are two different African rhino species. The hooked upper lip of white and black rhinos is the most notable difference. The white rhino, with its square lip, is distinguished from them.

Saiga Antelope

The Eurasian steppes are home to Saiga antelopes, which are a quirky-looking species. These creatures have evolved to thrive in the harsh environment they call home, and are renowned for their enormous horns and bulbous snouts.

The saiga antelope’s nose is thought to perform many roles. It warms the air during the harsh winters and filters dust and other debris from the dry summers.

Poaching and climate change are posing a serious threat to these fascinating creatures. In 2015, a normally benign bacterium killed over 200,000 animals in a massive die-off.

Saigas, which consist of one guy and 30-50 females, normally dwell in huge social groups. They have either a single kid or twins when they breed once a year.

Swift Fox (Vulpes velox)

The Great Plains’ short and mixed-grass plains are home to swift foxes. They are quick and agile, despite being small creatures weighing only 4 to 6 pounds. They are able to reach speeds of 25 miles per hour, as predicted. To detect predators and hunt, they rely heavily on open plains with short grasses.

Swift foxes roam from the habits of coyotes and other foxes to build their own dens on short and mid-grass plains, which they use year-round. Animals may occasionally take over abandoned badger dens or prairie dog burrows, however they are not always successful.


Eurasia, Africa, and Madagascar are all home to these species. Insects, crabs, earthworms, lizards, birds, rats, venomous snakes, eggs, and carrion are among the foods they consume.

Mongooses have a unique chemical that protects them from snake venom. These mutations are found in one of four known mammalian species.


Wombats are another Australian animal. Wombats are marsupials that weigh between 40 and 80 pounds, and they are cuddly. Dingos, Tasmanian devils, foxes, and wild dogs are the only real predators of these animals. Their primary defense against predators is to crush their skulls with their rump when they are threatened.

Wombats eat grasses and roots and are herbivorous. These animals are very reclusive and live a solitary existence. They only meet once a year to breed.

Wombats give birth to single babies that are only a gram in weight. Before coming out and learning to live independently, they spend about 7-10 months in their mother’s pouch.

Greater one-horned rhino or “Indian Rhino” (Rhinoceros unicornis)

The greater one-horn rhino is the biggest of three Asian rhinos, with a single black horn and a leathery hide. These rhinos are literally built for the wild, with a body armor-like appearance and a weight of up to 6,600 pounds. These grazers may be found in Northern India and Nepal’s tall grasslands.

Its horn is useful for both self-defense and cultivating rich plains for leaves, fruits, and grasses. Even so, even gigantic creatures get tired eventually. They search for water to immerse themselves in the heat of the afternoon after foraging during the chilly mornings.