Freshwater Fish Names

New and experienced aquarists alike choose freshwater fish as a first choice. They are typically chosen for their adaptability and resilience as compared to their saltwater counterparts by the latter, who fall in love with them for their stunning designs and variety of breeds.

The fledgling freshwater aquarist may find it difficult to choose from among the many breeds available, which is why there are so many. That’s where we come in, guys.

To help you choose between the most suitable freshwater aquarium fish for your budget, time, and tank, we’re going to look into the main types and why they’re popular. It’s time to get going.

African Cichlid

The most popular tropical freshwater fish is South American cichlids. It’s worth noting that Africa is home to additional cichlid species.

Lake Malawi is home to the majority of these colorful cichlids (Blue Mbuna, Bumblebee Cichlid, and African Peacock). Cichlids from Africa are as boisterous and territorial as any Cichlid species. You’ll want to make sure the tank is big enough for all the species to stay out of each other’s way if you’re keeping several species together.

You should also avoid combining South American and African cichlids. African cichlids are more prone to illnesses and parasites than South American cichlids, even though the water conditions are comparable.

Rohu – Labeo Rohita

Rohu, a carp species that is extensively used in aquaculture and lives in rivers around the Indian subcontinent. The large silver-colored Rohu fish, which is both farmed and regarded a delicacy in Bhojpur, is an key aquacultured freshwater species.


The goldfish is typically chosen for its hardiness, but it may be more than a starter pet. It is the go-to pet of parents who want to provide their youngsters some responsibility before bringing a bigger animal into the equation.

You can expect your goldfish to grow up to 14 inches long and live for upwards of a decade if it is housed in an appropriately sized tank, which is usually recommended for 20-gallon models.

Goldfish should be near the top of your shopping list if you’re looking to fill your tank on a shoestring budget. They are only available for a few dollars in most pet shops.

Ritha Fish

In West Bengal, Rita is a catfish species. It’s a 150 cm-long species that belongs to the genus. It is captured for human consumption on a commercial basis. Due to its prevalence and lower cost, Rohu is a common fish in the Indian market. Throughout the year, the fish is available.


A marine Angelfish should not be confused with a freshwater Angelfish.

South American cichlids are actually freshwater Angelfish. They have long, trailing fins and a diamond-shaped body. They are known as the “King of the Aquarium” as a result of this.

Since they are more passive than other cichlid species, angelfish make a fantastic first introduction to the Cichlidae family. Other peaceful Cichlids like the Discus and Dwarf Cichlid appreciate them as tankmates.

These fish are the only ones that look after their young. Following their birth, both parents care for the fry for up to two months. You’ll need at least a 30 gallon tank to keep a freshwater Angelfish.

Catla – Indian Carp

Katla, also known as major Indian carp, is one of India’s most popular freshwater fish species and may be found in rivers and lakes across the country. The most important aquacultured freshwater fish in India is the catla, followed by roho labeo and mrigal carp.

Guppy Fish

Guppies are almost as popular among beginning fishkeepers as goldfish because of how easy they are to maintain. Their vibrant hues and hypnotic tails, which are mostly visible in males, may also be attributed to their popularity.

It’s worth noting that guppies, unlike goldfish, are social fish who should be maintained in groups, which may be a challenge if you want to avoid the responsibility of caring for multiple fish.

It is advised that you keep guppies in groups of three, each with one gallon of water. If you are willing to go ahead,

Rani or Pink Perch

Rani fish, also known as Pink Perch, is a kind of Indian freshwater gamefish. The fish is a common sight in India’s rivers and streams. Throughout the year, the fish may be found. Rahu fish may be seen in abundance in India’s softwater ponds.

Betta Fish

When most people think of a pet fish, they picture the Betta. Their long trailing fins, which resemble a lady’s dress, are easily recognized.

Unfortunately, the popularity of these fish has resulted in poor husbandry. A Betta should never be housed in a small novelty tank or bowl. They should have an aquarium that is at least 10 gallons in size and has underwater flora.

You should also avoid keeping more than one of these fish together. It’s important to keep in mind that the Betta can’t swim as well as other species underwater. The tank’s surface should be cleaned as well since they must come to the surface for air.

Pulasa Fish

The finest and most expensive of all the forms of common fish found in India is Godavari river Pulasa fish from Andhra Pradesh. Hilsa, Ilish, and hilsa shad are all names for this species of fish.

It means “It’s worth eating Pulasa Fish even selling the Mangalsutra,” according to a saying in Andhra Pradesh.

Cory Catfish

You should think about buying a Cory catfish or two if you want to create a community aquarium rather than simply keeping one species in your tank.

Cory catfish are calm and non-confrontational, making them the ideal freshwater community fish, despite their sociable nature.

Sinking pellets should be used to feed Cory catfish, who are primarily bottom feeders. Your Cory catfish will likely become weak if you choose to feed it with regular flakes instead, as they will lose each meal to quicker and more active fish.

Magur or Walking Catfish

In rivers in India and Southeast Asia, the Magur is a medium-sized walking catfish. In the Indian states of Assam, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh, the walking catfish is considered a delicacy. Due to its availability and lower price, Rohu is a popular fish in the Indian market. Rahu fish may be found in abundance in India’s softwater ponds.

Bristlenose Pleco

A Bristlenose Pleco is likely to be what you saw if you ever spotted a specky catfish at the bottom of a Goldfish tank.

The gorgeous nose bristles that develop on these fish when they reach maturity are the species’ most well-known feature. It is simple to distinguish between the sexes because the males have significantly longer bristles.

A Bristlenose Pleco may help if your tank has an algae problem. They’ll help to keep your tank clean by eating any algae they come across. Just keep in mind that they favor a 60-75°F tank with substantial pebbles and cobbles for substrate.

Tilapia – Cichlid Fish

Tilapia, which live in shallow waters, rivers, lakes, and even brackish water in India, are predominantly freshwater fish. Tilapia, along with carp and salmon, is one of the most widely eaten fish in the world.


Because the killifish has no desire to start fights with other fish in your tank, you can be sure that your tank will be peaceful as long as you only have one male killifish (they may become quite aggressive during mating season).

The killifish is one of the simplest aquarium species to breed, and it needs significantly less precise circumstances than other fish species.

The killifish’s colorfulness is what attracts people to it, aside from its toughness and ease of breeding. Even the most pedantic of aquarists will have no trouble finding a killifish that matches their tank’s color scheme, with 700 species to choose from.

Cardinal Tetra

Any aquarium can be colorful with Cardinal Tetras. Against a bright red background, these dazzling little fish feature icy blue lateral lines.

When they are maintained with other brilliant tetras, a school of 6 to 8 of these fish adds a lovely accent to any biotope. You’ll create the most colorful tank you’ll ever see if you add Rasboras and Zebra Danios. When these fish are combined with Java ferns and other low-light plants, they truly stand out in a beautiful way.

Cardinal Tetras may bite at fins on fish in rare circumstances. If you’re thinking about adding tetra Gouramis to your tank, keep this in mind.

Rani – Pink Perch

The freshwater gamefish Rani fish, sometimes known as Pink Perch, can be found across India. In India, the little fish is commonly sold as a freshwater fish.

Neon Tetra

The neon tetra, sometimes known as the incandescent blue stripe across its body that makes it visible even in darkness, is a classic freshwater aquarium species. It has long been a popular choice among beginners.

This is good news for American aquarists since neon tetras are a particularly sociable fish, with about 1.5 million imported each month. Since smaller groups may feel threatened despite their own calm nature, it is recommended that you keep at least five neon tetras in your tank at once.

Even when fully grown, neon tetras seldom grow bigger than 2 centimeters, so you won’t have to worry about them taking up all the space in your tank.

To provide this lovely little fish some company in your aquarium, see what kind of fish can live with Neon Tetras in this roundup.

Clown Loach

The Clown Loach is the next best option since clownfish aren’t freshwater creatures.

Sumatran Clown Loaches have brilliant red fins and are of two different species. They come from two different nations.

Borneo Clown Loaches have black fins.
Interestingly they have no scales on their head.

Pleco catfish and other loaches make ideal tank companions, but some of the more sluggish cichlids are also compatible.

Calbasu – Labeo Calbasu

The labeos calbasu fish is a freshwater fish species that is one of India’s most important carp species. In appearance, the labeos calbasu resembles a freshwater shark.

Cherry Barb

As long as you have an appropriately sized tank, the cherry barb is a relatively easy fish to care for. The typical cherry barb will grow to be about 2 inches long and will need at least 25 gallons of water when cultivated.

If you’re planning to go with a cherry barb, as it is one of numerous fish species that like to hide themselves away even when not in danger, you should also add some plant displays to your aquarium.

You can find dozens of photos of a brilliant red fish if you search for a picture of the cherry barb on Google, which is what gives it its name. It’s worth noting, though, that the cherry barb is silver in hue throughout most of its life cycle, with only male fish turning cherry red during spawning.

Convict Cichlid

One of the most aggressive South American cichlids is the Convict Cichlid. Their black and white jail stripes are well-known. They come in a variety of colors, including blue and pink. Some are natural, while others are the consequence of genetic modification.

Because of their aggressiveness, these fish are one of the most difficult for beginning fishkeepers to maintain. Each convict must be able to establish their own personal territory in the tank, since they are fiercely territorial.

These aggressive fish can be kept with other cichlids in a tank, where they can defend themselves. Firemouths, Green Terrors, and Jack Dempseys are all excellent examples.

Tengra – Mystus Tengara

Tengra, also known as Tengna, is a small catfish that may be found in Bengali Tangra Macher Jhal recipes. The Tengra fish is found in the rivers of Bihar, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and Bengal.

Oscar Fish

The oscar can develop a nice connection with humans, despite being quite antagonistic when it comes to its relationships with other distinct species of fish, and the capacity for what seems to be love is traced back to its greater intelligence.

The oscar is unsuitable for communal aquarium housing because of its aggressive nature, and should only be kept with other Oscars. Many fishkeepers are turned off by the oscar’s aggressiveness, which is exacerbated by its increased waste production and frustratingly particular diet.

The Oscar, of course, has its allure. The typical oscar may be taught to respond to its name and may even learn a couple of tricks throughout the course of its two-decade projected lifespan because of its intelligence.

Cory Catfish

For small tanks, the Corydoras is a great catfish. During the day, this timid little fish likes to hide at the bottom of the tank. They’ll come out to feed after nightfall. Panda, Green, Bronze, and Peppered are just a few of the colors available for Corys.

They are commonly kept in community Nano tanks because they only require a 10 gallon tank. Little nano fish such as Rasboras and Tetras get along swimmingly with Corys. They need a very clean tank, so every week you should expect to do a partial water change. In a Cory tank, nitrates must be closely watched as well.

Just keep in mind that some species (such as Bronze Cory) may be venomous.

Karimeen- Green Chromide

Karimeen is a green chromide cichlid fish that may be found in Kerala’s backwaters. It is also known as Pearl Spouts. Green chromide is found in river deltas and coastal habitats in India.

Bristlenose Pleco

The Bristlenose should be removed from your list if you’re thinking about breeding your fish; it’s definitely not what you want.

The Bristlenose pleco, a catfish species, is known for being difficult to breed. Even the most skilled and dedicated aquarists have had little luck in their attempts.

Read our care guide for the: Bristlenose Pleco

This fish is particularly fond of feasting on the algae that forms in a tank, so it can be relied upon to clean the aquarium in which it is kept. It requires little typical fish food.

The Bristlenose may be quite entertaining to watch, even if it is a bottom feeder, since it has a tendency to catapult itself into the water (don’t house one in an open tank).

Discus Fish

One of the biggest cichlids in South America is the Discus. They’re also the quietest creatures around. Together with the Angelfish, this colorful cichlid holds the title “King of the Aquarium.”

The Discus is one of the few cichlids that travels in a group, and most cichlids are aggressive to their own kind. You’ll need at least a 55 gallon tank to house them all since they’re content in a shoal of at least 5 others.

They may be difficult to keep, despite their peaceful nature. Every time you do a water change, the water must be dechlorinated, and discus are very sensitive to changes in water quality.

Although they are not territorial, discus may bully fish for food and territory within their school. You’ll have to make sure that every fish in the group is fed.