The African tiny frog lives where its name suggests—in Africa. The species resides in water the most of the time. However, because they lack gills, the frogs occasionally need to surface again. These creatures range in hue from olive green to black and are quite tiny.
In this post, we’ll look at some of the primary traits of the African dwarf frog species as well as what they consume.
African Dwarf Frogs Habits And Biology
A typical frog measures only a few inches (7.5 cm) in length and weighs only a few grams. The average lifespan is five years or so, however there have been instances when some have lived to be twenty.
These days, pet stores all over the world carry these amphibians. However, there can occasionally be some misunderstanding with them. Many pet store proprietors market them as African clawed frogs. Despite significant similarities between the two species, African clawed frogs are larger and more aggressive.
It is important to note that none of the frog species in the Pipidae family have teeth or tongues. They pick up food with their feet and place it in their mouths when they want to eat. Additionally, their legs are essential for swimming and catching prey. The animal may kill its prey before eating them because to its powerful claws.
They don’t have the typical ears; instead, their side is covered with lines. They are able to detect even the smallest movement in the water thanks to their lateral lines. The African dwarf frog has keen senses of smell and touch. The species may pursue live prey and can consume any kind of dead organic debris.
Diet of a Wild African Dwarf Frog
They may be found in the shallows of rivers, streams, and ponds in Africa’s dry seasons. During the rainy seasons, they also live in the forest’s flooded sections.
Black dwarf All-around scavengers, frogs. They will consume anything, whether it is alive or dead, in the wild. They eat organic material that is created when other creatures break down.
The hyobranchial pump is a device that African Dwarf Frogs use to bring food into their mouths. They cram food into their mouths and down their throats using their webbed feet.
They have a special later line system that allows them to detect vibration and movement in the water. They use their small yet strong legs for swimming and lunging at prey. They can rip apart chunks of bigger food using the claws on their feet.
The African Dwarf Frog uses its lateral line system, tiny, sensitive fingers, and excellent sense of smell to locate food.
What Do African Dwarf Frogs Eat As Pets?
Many people who enjoy amphibians maintain African dwarf frogs in their aquariums. They may be paired with many animals and are simple to maintain. The frog may be fed once every few days, unlike many other animals, and you never have to worry about whether they are hungry or not.
Start with food pellets if you have no prior experience with frogs. For this species, there are items available on the market. They have to supply adequate nutrients to meet their requirements each week.
As an alternative, you might offer them brine shrimp, frozen bloodworms, blackworms, and tubifex worms. As frozen food rarely contains microorganisms, it is very healthy for them. As a result, the frog won’t become unwell after consuming these goods. Just remember to defrost and clean the food before feeding it to your pet.
As much food as they can consume in 15 minutes should be provided. Make careful to take out all the leftovers after the frog is full. The animal can consume dead and slowly deteriorating food, but fresh meat is more preferable. You may increase your pet’s lifespan and guarantee its ongoing health in this method.
Frogs respond readily to rewards, much like all other pets. Such meal might be provided to them multiple times each week. For instance, the species adores fish fries, krill, brine shrimp, and mosquito larvae. Of course, each person will have different tastes.
Additionally, some individuals enjoy feeding beef hearts to their African dwarf frogs. But due to its high fat content, this cuisine should only be consumed on exceptional occasions. As a result, giving beef heart more than once per month is not advised.
The frog only need more nourishment while it is young. They’ll need nutrients every day as they’re growing. You can then feed them once every three days after that. You might also feed them every day. If you do, make sure they are satisfied but not overstuffed.
The species is limited to eating little amounts of food. Therefore, take careful to chop it up before offering it to them.
Tadpole bites can be enjoyed by some frogs while being rejected by others, depending on the individual. These creatures are rich in nutrients and serve as an excellent food source for African dwarf frogs. Tadpole bites may also include components like fish oil, beet powder, fish meal, dried brewer’s yeast, different vitamins, gluten, minerals, etc. in addition to their high protein content.
What Should You Feed Your African Dwarf Frog in the Aquarium?
Aquarists need to know what to feed African dwarf frogs in aquariums regardless of what they consume in the wild.
First and foremost, their main food should consist of professionally produced pellets, such as sinking fish pellets. They give the frogs the nutrients they need in a concentrated and stable form, supplying the energy they require more effectively than other forms of diet.
Therefore, you will be doing your African dwarf frog a favor if you use high-quality fish food pellets. Not to mention that they lessen the quantity of food waste in the aquarium, which means you won’t need to do as much cleaning.
Bloodworms and brine shrimp, either frozen or freeze-dried, should also be included in your frog’s diet. They are great snacks and include a lot of protein for your aquatic pet.
Before giving the frozen cubes to your frog, don’t forget to chop them into pieces and thaw them out till they are at water temperature.
As an occasional treat, I also advise using live California black worms. They outlast frozen treats and don’t decay or contaminate the water, which is why I like them. Instead, they continue to live as long as they can to keep feeding your frogs.
Can African Dwarf Frogs Eat Betta Food?
While sometimes feeding your African dwarf frog betta food won’t harm it, it’s not advised because betta fish and African dwarf frogs require different kinds of nutrients.
Yes, betta fish chow will work in a situation and keep your frogs from starving, but it shouldn’t be utilized as the primary food source for too long.
What Time Should You Feed Your Frogs?
These African dwarf frogs are nocturnal in the wild, which means they only emerge to feed at night. Simply said, since fewer predators are out at night, there is a lower likelihood that they will be eaten.
Therefore, feeding them at night is what you want to do if you want to as precisely mimic their natural surroundings as possible.
The drawback of feeding them at night is that you can’t readily monitor how much they eat or spot uneaten food in the tank. Therefore, you should generally continue daytime feeding until you get the hang of it.
The truth is that as long as you follow a consistent feeding plan, it really doesn’t matter when time of day you feed your African dwarf frogs.
Though feeding them in the morning or evening is preferred, any time during the day is OK. Just don’t serve them breakfast one day and dinner the next.
Tips To Feed African Dwarf Frogs
The following are some of the most crucial considerations while feeding your African dwarf frog:
Some owners like providing their frogs with additional food. Unfortunately, this causes fat, and your frog will eventually get dissatisfied and stressed out. A tank with too much food in it could also degrade the water’s quality.
A frog will occasionally not be interested in eating. This might be brought on by stress, anxiety, or a medical condition. If this happens, you should try feeding them with tweezers.
To get their attention, squeeze a tiny amount of food and set it nearly on top of their heads. If the frog trusts you sufficiently and you develop a solid relationship with it, you may also hold the food in your palm. Although the species is benign, they may transmit harmful germs.
You should attempt to mimic the natural feeding procedure for all animals. The optimum time to feed African dwarf frogs is at night because they are nocturnal.
However, since you cannot keep track of how much food the frog has consumed or when to discard the leftovers, this might cause problems. The frog should ideally be fed right before night, and any extra food should be removed after 15 minutes.
It’s crucial to have a regular eating schedule. The animal must eat at the same time every day, even if you just feed them sometimes. This will facilitate its internal functions, including digestion.
The frogs occasionally have trouble finding food. They can help themselves by using tweezers or a terra cotta plate. Alternately, be careful to always put the food in the same location when you feed the animals.
It might be problematic to keep frogs and fish together in the same aquarium. Bottom feeders, African dwarf frogs will eat everything that settles to the bottom of the aquarium. If you have fish, they will eat before the frogs, starving the latter.
A Popular Feeding Method
It’s common practice to feed these little frogs every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. If you do this, feed them a bit more on Mondays to make up for the two weekends when no food was given.
After around 20 minutes of eating, they will feel satisfied, therefore you should feed them accordingly. To avoid overfeeding the African dwarf frogs and to prevent food from spoiling in the tank, remove any uneaten food from the tank after around 20 minutes.
Does The African Dwarf Frog Diet Change By Season?
The four African dwarf frog species may be found in equatorial Africa’s environments in the wild. They are found in the forest’s freshwater rivers, streams, and ponds. They remain in these secure habitats during the dry season, which lasts from late June to September.
During the two rainy seasons, they move into the nearby forest’s flooded sections. These wet seasons are made up of a protracted time from April to early June and intermittent intervals from October to December.
African dwarf frogs need to eat a lot of food during the wet season to survive the dry season. They spend the dry season mostly dormant and wait it out by burrowing into the soggy muck.
These animals must maintain moisture in their skin since they spend the most of their lives in water to prevent dehydration. They can escape this risk in the worst drought circumstances in Africa by remaining below the damp dirt.
How To Tell If I Am Over Feeding?
The issue with African dwarf frogs is that they are the ultimate opportunists due to their cold-blooded nature and dread of predators. Since they are unable to predict when their next meal will be, they will consume everything they come across in order to stay alive.
This is acceptable in the wild because there is little likelihood that they would overeat. Frogs in captivity, however, appear to be always peckish, so if you provide them food, they will consume it. Frogs in captivity will literally eat till they drop dead if given the chance.
Overfeeding your African dwarf frogs is obviously bad since it can make them overweight and have other negative effects on their health.
It’s likely that you are overfeeding your African dwarf frogs if they are acquiring a lot of weight or appear bloated while being fully grown. Even though it’s uncommon, the frog is either not hungry or ill if it doesn’t eat when you offer it food.
Given that you should feed your African dwarf frog twice daily as much as it can consume in 20 minutes, you can be certain that it is overfed if you feed it more. Do not feed it more frequently than every five minutes if you feed it every day.
What Do African Dwarf Frog Tadpoles Eat?
Dwarf African frogs During the tadpole phase, tadpoles consume tiny organic stuff like algae, plankton, or other small debris. Tadpoles develop into bigger insects, worms, and larvae as they become older. They do not cannibalize other species and live in communities.
Amphibian pet owners frequently choose African dwarf frogs. They do not have particular food preferences, and you may purchase a wide variety of food items to meet their requirements. It is much preferable to feed them at night and on a consistent schedule each day.