Birds North Carolina

The state of North Carolina is home to a wide variety of wild bird species; in this article, we’ll look at some of the most recognized and well-known species.

Some of these species spend the entire year in North Carolina, while others are migratory and only visit the state occasionally. We’ll look at 25 backyard birds in North Carolina and discover a little bit about each one below.

Following that, I’ll demonstrate how to draw birds to your yard, give you a crash course in the ten various kinds of bird feeders you may use to do so, and even name a few prime locations for birding in North Carolina.

In North Carolina, how many distinct types of wild bird species are there?

Finding a precise figure for the number of bird species present in North America, the United States, or even the state of North Carolina, is challenging. However, North Carolina is home to at least 470 different bird species, according to Wikipedia.

Regarding the number of bird species in North America, one source lists 2,059 species whereas an earlier source lists just 914. Consequently, I’m not sure how much I can rely on these figures, but they do help us estimate how many species are present on the continent.

Having said all of that, for the sake of this post, we’ll only focus on a few of our favorite species that may be found in North Carolina.

25 Backyard Birds in North Carolina

We’ll look at 25 backyard bird species in North Carolina below, some of which are year-round inhabitants and others of which aren’t. Although obviously not all or even nearly all of the species found in the state, these are some of the more notable and recognizable backyard birds in North Carolina. Let’s look right away, without further ado!

Northern Cardinal

The most often observed birds in North Carolina are northern cardinals, which spend the entire year there. They are listed in 57% of the winter checklists and 63% of the summer checklists that the state’s bird watchers have submitted.

A male Northern Cardinal with its vivid red body and black face is an amazing sight, especially when set against a white winter landscape. Their beaks and crests are similarly crimson.

With their brown coloration, distinct brown crest, red accents, and red beaks, females are likewise a bit flashy.

Northern Cardinals dwell throughout the Eastern part of the US and certain states in the south as far west as Arizona.

Northern Cardinals can be seen hunting for seeds, fruit, and insects in areas with thick foliage. During the breeding season, Northern Cardinals will occasionally attack their own reflection in an effort to zealously protect their territory.

Eastern Bluebird – Sialia sialis

Hue and markings: The color of these adorable tiny thrushes varies according on the gender. The males have short blue tails with black accent markings and long, deep blue wings with black tips.

Their breast and neck are a dark red hue, and they have white underbellies. They have short, gray bills that have a little curvature, and their faces are similarly blue. The red colour on females is considerably more modest, and they have gray heads with some white on the neck.

These birds have wingspans ranging from 9.8 to 12.6 inches and are between 6.3 and 8.3 inches in length.

Habitat: These birds prefer meadows, but they also enjoy nesting boxes, thus you may frequently encounter them in suburban areas.

Eastern bluebirds will come to your feeder, but they won’t be coming for the usual seeds and suet. They may be enticed to visit your feeder by mealworms.

American Robin

They naturally occur everywhere, from woods to tundra, and they may be found in a broad variety of settings. However, these thrushes are used to being around humans and are frequently seen in backyards.

Due to the fact that they don’t consume seeds, American Robins, while being widespread, seldom frequent bird feeders. Instead, they eat fruit and invertebrate animals like worms, insects, and snails. For instance, I regularly observe robins sifting through the grass in my garden for earthworms.

These birds often build their nests close to people. Look for an open cup-shaped nest with three to five gorgeous, recognizable sky blue-colored eggs.

Tufted Titmouse

Within their area, these little birds are frequently seen at feeders and in yards. They have a little mohawk, similar to Cardinals, that makes it easier to identify them from other birds. Titmice have a black patch immediately above their beaks and are silver-gray on top and paler on bottom.

All year long, the Tufted Titmouse may be seen in North Carolina.

Titmice will visit the majority of seed feeders; provide them with black sunflower seeds and assorted seed mixtures.

Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)

The northern mockingbird is a bigger bird, growing up to 11 inches/28 cm in length. They will be 40-58 grams/1.4-2 ounces in weight. They have been reported to survive up to 20 years in captivity but only up to 8 years in the wild.

The gray colour on their bodies mixed with their white breast and belly make these birds easy to identify. Their wings have black and white bars on them. They are particularly notable for their very long legs and small tail, which together make them stand out. Additionally, they have lengthy, black bills that have a small decurve.

The borders of forests and open spaces are preferred by northern mockingbirds over woodlands. They may also frequently be seen in parks, on farms, in urban areas, and on the side of the road.

Berries, fruits, seeds, and insects are their preferred sources of food. Even little lizards are occasionally eaten by them.

You are less likely to observe these birds congregating at your bird feeder because of their diverse diet. Nevertheless, they continue to cherish their seed, so keep a look out for their visits.

In North Carolina, northern mockingbirds live all year round and are fairly numerous in the southern part of the country.

Carolina Chickadee

The common and year-round inhabitants of North Carolina are Carolina Chickadees. They are listed in 55% of winter checklists and 44% of summer checklists, respectively.

Small birds called “Carolina Chickadees” have huge heads, black crowns and necks, white cheeks and bellies, and silky gray backs, wings, and tails. They also have black tails.

They interbreed when their ranges intersect because they have a very similar appearance to the Black-capped Chickadee.

All year long, Carolina Chickadees can be seen in backyards, parks, and wooded regions of eastern and southeastern US states.

Black oil sunflower seeds, nyjer seeds, suet feeders, or peanuts will all draw Carolina Chickadees to your backyard feeders. They will consume food from the majority of feeders, including platform feeders, suet cages, and tube feeders. They will also build their nests in nest tubes or boxes.

Eastern Screech Owl – Megascops asio

Color and markings: Master camouflage artists, these birds have brown dots on their grey breasts and underbellies. They were able to practically disappear into the tree limbs and crevices because to these patterns. They have noticeable brown tufts on both sides of their heads, banded brown ear tufts, and a brown triangle on their forehead.

The size of these owls is comparable to a pint glass. They range in size from 6.3 to 9.8 inches, with wingspan ranging from 18.9 to 24 inches.

If you are fortunate and hear some trilling at night, you could have a Screeh Owl in your backyard! Habitat: These birds adore trees and don’t care if they are in a forest or the suburbs.

Diet: You might be interested to discover that you can still entice them into your yard with a birdbath or a nesting box even if you won’t be able to offer them with their typical live diet. The only alternative is to raise more rodents and insects, which are consumed by these birds.

The nesting box and birdbath are likely to be your finest attracting tools, but you could also build a woodpile.

Blue Jay

The Blue Jay is yet another popular bird in North America and the US. On top of their heads, they have a huge blue crest that is primarily blue on top and white on the bottom. They also wear what seems to be a necklace-like black ring around their necks. Their wings have white, blue, and black bars on them.

Another year-round dweller of the whole state of North Carolina is the blue jay. They frequently frequent feeders and backyards.

Platform feeders, peanut feeders, and feeders with big perches are all favorites of blue jays. Offer them peanuts, mixed seeds, and black sunflower seeds.

White-Breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

The body length of the white-breasted nuthatch is similarly on the diminutive side, at around 5.1-5.5 inches/12.9-14 cm. They may weigh between 0.6 and 1.6 ounces/17 and 45.3 grams, and their wingspan can be 7.9 to 10.6 inches.

The white feathers on the side of the head, as well as on their underside and breast, help bird observers identify these birds. They have a black stripe on top of their heads, and their wings range in color from gray to black.

Coniferous and deciduous forests in temperate areas are ideal for white-breasted nuthatches.

These birds are among the species that use birdfeeders the most. They like removing seeds and nuts from the feeders and returning them to a tree. They will then bury the seeds or nuts under the bark. They will then peck, or “hatch,” them out of their shell using their long, pointed beaks.

Try mixing peanuts, sunflower seeds, and mixed seeds in your feeder to entice white-breasted nuthatches. They want blocks of suet as well. All year long, these birds may be seen in North Carolina.

Carolina Wren

The non-migratory Carolina Wren is regularly seen in North Carolina. They appear in more than half of the state’s bird watchers’ checklists.

The timid birds known as Carolina Wrens have a dark brown upper body and a lighter brown underside. They sing a loud “teakettle” song and have a white eyebrow stripe and erect tail.

All year long, Carolina Wrens live in the eastern and southeastern US States.

They may be found in forests or regions with a lot of vegetation, and they will come to backyard feeders.

Use suet feeders, hulled sunflower seeds, or peanut hearts in big tube feeders or on platforms to draw Carolina Wrens to your backyard feeders.

Wrens are sometimes neglected in favor of more showy birds, but take the time to get to know them in North Carolina.

Pileated Woodpecker – Dryocopus pileatus

With a black underside and breast and a white crescent beneath each wing that extends slightly across the upper breast, these woodpeckers are particularly remarkable. Apart from this, they have long black tails and black bodies with a hint of gray. They have long, black bills and a crimson gash running from bill to cheek on their faces.

The bird’s face is white underneath and above this cut, with a stripe running down each side from the cheek to the shoulder. A black “bandit’s mask” crosses this bird’s eye, and above it, there is a thin white stripe and an exquisite red crest.

Dimensions: This huge woodpecker has a length of 15.8 to 19.3 inches and a width of 26 to 29.5 inches.

Almost any sort of forest may be home to these birds, although they prefer places with big dead trees. As long as there are other trees around, they do enter residential areas.

Diet: If you have suet, these birds will flock to your feeder, so stock up and maybe you’ll attract a Pileated Woodpecker!

Mourning Dove

Doves, which are about the size of a robin and frequently rest on telephone lines or in groups in trees, are particularly abundant in backyards.

They occasionally appear on my tray feeder, but the majority of the time I observe them moving about on the ground. Mourning Doves have a gray base color with black markings on top and a light peach tone underneath.

All of North Carolina, the other lower 48 states, Mexico, and parts of Central America are home to mourning doves.

Doves frequently visit seed feeders, although they prefer searching the ground for dropped seeds. Try a ground feeder filled with a variety of seeds, or just throw some seeds on the ground.

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

One of the biggest birds on this list, American crows have a body length of 15.8–20.9 inches (40.1–53 cm). Their wingspan, which is 33.5-39.4 inches/85-100.3 cm, is twice that of their body length. They can be 317.5–620.8 grams/11.2-21.9 ounces heavy. They have a 14-year life span.

Due to their size and all-black bodies, these birds are quite simple to identify. Additionally, they have a really unique caw-like call. They often utilize this call to alert their family members to danger, and they may even band together to fend off larger birds like owls and hawks.

They love to sit at the tops of trees where they can see everything from a great height. They stick together in vast flocks because they are sociable animals with exceptional intelligence.

Given their size, you won’t typically see them congregating at your bird feeder. However, you may try scattering seeds for them to consume. Crows are intelligent enough to recall the faces of people who treat them well. They will occasionally send you small gifts as a sort of thank you.

North Carolina is home to American crows all year round.

Red-bellied Woodpecker

In North Carolina, Red-bellied Woodpeckers are frequent year-round and are noted in 34% of summer checklists and 39% of winter checklists.

Due to their red hats, Red-bellied Woodpeckers might be confused for Red-headed Woodpeckers, despite the fact that they are much smaller. Female Red-bellied Woodpeckers only have red on the rear of their heads; they do not have the red crown.

They might be difficult to detect because to their extremely pale red bellies, but they do have the classic black and white woodpecker patterns on their backs.

The eastern US states are home to Red-bellied Woodpeckers, which do not migrate.

Red-bellied Insects, spiders, seeds from grasses, fruit, and nuts are all consumed by woodpeckers. They will occasionally devour nestlings as well. They may reuse the same nest year after year and build their nests on dead trees. On a bed of wood chips, they lay four to five white eggs.

Red-bellied Particularly if you live close to forested regions, woodpeckers can frequently be spotted at bird feeders. Because of their characteristic booming rolling cry, you frequently hear them before you see them.

Although certain woodpeckers are simpler to identify than others, with this guide, you can recognize every woodpecker seen in North Carolina.