You may have had a notion or two about having an aquarium if you adore nature and all of its wonders. Fish are hardy and can live in harsh circumstances, making them excellent pets even for beginners. They are hardier than other fish and do not need constant care. They get along with others in most cases.
In a matter of seconds, the correct fish can be placed in a tiny tank, bringing life to your space. The requirements for the aquarium (temperature and size, for example) will obviously vary depending on the sizes and types of fish. Read through this piece to learn about the finest fish for your aquarium and how to care for them.
Colorful fish would appeal to both beginner and expert fish keepers alike. The following are some of the most common types of fish suitable for a home aquarium:
The Neon Tetra is a tiny, thin, and simple-to-care fish that is probably one of the most well-known freshwater species on this list. Neon Tetra grow only 2.2 cm long and do not grow very long! These creatures are noted for their tranquility and serenity.
They prefer to be maintained in clusters in tanks with rocks, flora, and other hiding places. The blue bodies and bright red stripe down the Neon Tetra’s bodies are immediately distinguishable.
Fire Mouth Cichilid
The Fire Mouth Cichilid is a wonderful fish for beginning aquarists because of its name, which comes from the red tint of its scales during breeding.
They are fairly amicable, despite their tendency to be territorial during breeding season.
We recommend that you keep them on their own, but if you want to combine them with other species, make sure to provide rocks or an upturned plant pot where they can lay their eggs in peace.
The diet of adult Cichlids may include frequent flake food, and they can grow to be about 6 inches long.
Because of their popularity, you can find them in almost every pet shop, and they are frequently very inexpensive, which is another benefit if you’re looking to fill your own tank.
Danios are one of the most beginner-friendly freshwater aquarium fish. They are the ideal fish for beginners because of their toughness. They can live in a range of water qualities, including fresh and salt water.
Danios are generally active and entertaining to watch. Fish flakes will more than satisfy their dietary needs.
The Zebra Danio and the Giant Danio are our two favorite Danios to keep.
When it comes to tank fish, there’s no denying that goldfishes are the most well-known and commonly kept species. In reality, they should be commended for setting the groundwork for fishkeeping as an ornamental activity.
While the Jin Dynasty in China (265 – 420 A.D.) is the earliest mention of a goldfish, today there are over 200 goldfish breeds recognized throughout the world.
The ordinary goldfish, the lionhead goldfish (with a fancy hood), the telescope goldfish (with large protruding eyes), the veitail (with an exquisite tail like a flowing veil) and the pompom (short round body with meaty fins) are among them.
Since they are low-maintenance and simple to care for, goldfish are well-known among aquarists. They may be maintained in a self-contained environment and yet create a stunning fish tank due to their pretentious beauty.
The most common tropical freshwater fish is South American cichlids.
Did you know that other cichlid species from Africa can be found?
Lake Malawi is home to the majority of these colorful cichlids (Blue Mbuna, Bumblebee Cichlid, and African Peacock). Cichlids from Africa are as territorial and aggressive as any other kind. You must make sure the tank is big enough for them to stay away from each other if you are keeping multiple species together.
You should also avoid combining South American and African cichlids.
Although the water quality is comparable, African cichlids are more prone to diseases and parasites than South American cichlids.
The guppy is a vibrant freshwater fish that comes in a variety of colors. They come in a variety of hues. The fact that guppies breed quickly is something to keep in mind.
You may quickly run out of room in a modest tank if you have both male and female fish. Frozen shrimp, daphnia, and bloodworms are all favorites of guppies. Guppies, on the other hand, can survive for days without food and are thus simple to maintain.
Mollies are a popular freshwater species that require little care. They are small and calm. Mollies are omnivorous, meaning they may consume plants and other animals and may grow to be 3 to 4 feet long.
Unlike other fish, this freshwater critter gives birth to its offspring, which is very cool. Mollies, like guppies, are fond of breeding and will breed if you don’t provide them with enough males.
For the community tank, this is a fantastic fish. Platies are a peaceful fish that can coexist with just about any other non-aggressive species. Due to careful breeding, there are numerous options to choose from, each with its own hue.
When it comes to food, platies are not fussy. They’ll devour everything from dry flakes to thawed live meals.
Captivity Breeds Tank Size10-15 Gallons + FamilyBelontiidae TemperamentPeaceful Price$3-$8 Depending on size Scientific NameColisa lalia DietOmnivore Size2″ Max Care LevelModerate Origin
The Dwarf Gourami (Trichogaster lalius) is a peace-loving, retiring fish that originated in South Asia as one of the smaller gourami species. They need to be able to breathe directly from the air, so they’re Labyrinth Fish.
Due to its wide range of powder blue, flame red, and rainbow designs, this breed is in high demand. They have a low mortality rate and can live up to four years or more without the need for assistance. These meat- and algae-based omnivores can survive on a simple diet.
Because of their peaceful nature and ability to quickly acclimate themselves, they are an ideal community fish. They need a 10-20 gallon aquarium and grow only to 2.5 inches. As a result, they may be happy in a dimly-lit tank with enough rooted and floating flora.
They may be vulnerable to a variety of tropical fish illnesses, so it is important to clean their water on a regular basis. They’re hardy, able to withstand both harsh and mild waters.
Platy is a freshwater fish that may be kept in an aquarium and comes from the east coast of Central America and Southern Mexico.
Unless they’re aggressive, they’ll get along well with other species in the tank. When it comes to feeding, platies are fairly easygoing and will consume most types of flakes or even frozen live foods on occasion.
Platies come in a wide range of colors and sizes thanks to selective breeding throughout the years. The Rainbow Platy, with its glittering indigo and silver scales and deep cobalt blue fins and tail, is one of the most stunning; the Mickey Mouse Platy has a black tail on a creamy golden-white body.
A marine Angelfish and a freshwater Angelfish should not be confused.
Cichlids from South America are known as freshwater Angelsfish. They have long, trailing fins and a diamond-shaped body. They’re also known as the “King of the Aquarium” because of this.
Since they are more passive than other cichlid species, angelfish make a great introduction to the Cichlidae family. Other peaceful Cichlids, such as the Discus and Dwarf Cichlid, appreciate them as tankmates.
These fish are unusual among other kinds of fish in that they care for their offspring. After the fry hatch, both parents care for them for up to two months.
You’ll need at least a 30 gallon tank if you want to keep a freshwater Angelfish.
White Cloud Mountain Minnow
This little fish is ideal for a tiny beginner’s tank because it is so small. It’s also low-maintenance and doesn’t require any upkeep. The Mountain Minnow is calm and harmless, especially to the tank’s young ones.
The minnow, on the other hand, prefers to swim in a group. As a result, you’ll need to gather a few of them so they’re content. They eat fish flakes and are able to thrive in cold water.
Another popular freshwater option for aquariums is Betta Fish, often known as the Siamese fighting fish. They are generally easygoing and come in a wide range of lovely hues. The territorial and aggressive nature of betta fish is well-known among other fish, particularly males.
Betta fish may be kept in a huge tank with various species if they are docile enough. Don’t put them in tanks with Guppies, who look a lot like them. They should likewise be placed in their own tanks with flora and substrate.
The Kuhli Loach is an eel-like fish that has made its way into our list of best freshwater fish due to its size, ability to adapt to water changes, and the fact that it is peaceful.
The Kuhli Loach, like all bottom feeders, will devour any left-behind scraps in the tank, including live items like worms and shrimp. General fish pellets should make up the majority of their diet.
They’re a peaceful species that can coexist with most other non-aggressive species, however be sure not to house them alongside anything too large that might mistake them for food.
You should keep at least three of them happy at any given time.
Scientific NameCallichthyidae There are over 177 species in this family, with some reaching 9 inches. Care Level: Easy Temperament: Peaceful Diet: Omnivore Life Span: 5-10 Years Cost $6+
Cory Cats comes from Brazil, South America, and Upper Rio Guapore, and is also known as Catfish (Siluriformes). From 140 options to choose from, they are an aquarium must-have, with prices ranging from $6 to $12 per gallon. They have a cool demeanor and may live up to twenty years, even as bottom-feeding catfish.
They prefer mixed-species communities and thrive in them. They are a very sociable species. They’ll need a 30-gallon aquarium with a soft bottom because of their lively dispositions, although most species only grow to 3 inches long.
When it comes to meticulous tank cleaning, they’re admirable and duty-driven. They’ll regularly pick up discarded food from the gravel. Nevertheless, a well-balanced diet that includes dried, frozen live and flaked foods will have to satisfy their omnivorous appetite further.
Ensure as responsible fish keepers that you provide them with the best catfish food possible, consider their dietary needs. To make it easier for you to provide a well-balanced diet, we’ve reviewed the best.
The Cherry Barb is another low-maintenance fish that grows to be 2 inches when fully grown, and they may take a bit longer to settle than most of the other species mentioned above.
The deep, vivid red color from head to tail gives this stunning fish its name. They have a prominent position among the most attractive kinds of fish for entertainment since to their striking look combined with their extremely active nature.
It’s advised that you put several lively plants and other items in the tank before transferring Cherry Barb to their new habitat since they take some time to get used to their new surroundings.
This provides them with multiple hideouts and a favorable environment in which they may develop at their own speed. Note that these aquarium fish can survive on regular fish food but may take some time to adjust to a new environment.
You should house at least five Barbies at any one time since they like to stay in schools. The Cherry Barb, on the other hand, is an endangered fish species in the wild, and you may have difficulty locating it since it is so popular with aquarists.
Bristlenose Pleco is a species of fish that can be found at the bottom of a Goldfish tank.
The appealing nose bristles that develop on these fish when they are mature are what make them famous. The two sexes may be distinguished by the males’ longer bristles.
A Bristlenose Pleco may assist if your tank has an algae issue.
They’ll eat anything they come across in your tank, keeping it tidy.
Just keep in mind that they prefer a 60-75°F tank with plenty of pebbles and cobbles as the substrate.
In a tank, the black molly is the most gorgeous fish you can have. It has an intriguing appearance due to its deep black. The fish may be transported from tank to tank, yet it will feel comfortable. Mollies, on the other hand, are known to devour their young when they breed.
Golden Dwarf Barbs
For aquarium beginners, the Golden Dwarf Barbs is a lesser-known freshwater fish. They have golden yellow colors and black markings on their bodies, and they may grow up to 1.5 inches in length.
When kept in a tank with plants, Golden Dwarf Barbs are happiest. In a tank, no more than 5 freshwater creatures should be kept.
A dazzling white pearl pattern covers this beautiful iridescent fish.
They are typically the most visible in a tank full of tiny freshwater fish.
Pearl Gouramis are gentle gouramis with a calm demeanor. They prefer a tank stocked with diverse plants and a water temperature of 77-82°F.
Crypts, Anubias, and other leafy plants that can survive being eaten on may be kept with this fish.
Pearls do well in community tanks, but they shouldn’t be housed with barbs or other rowdy fin nippers.
The enormous hump on the male species’ forehead earned the Lionhead Cichlid its name, which is indigenous to Africa. These fish may reach a length of 4 to 5 inches and flourish in moderately warm waters, requiring a 30-gallon tank. They have a typical lifespan of around 7 years.
Although Lionheads prefer to stay with their partner, they are typically so devoted that if their companion passes away, they will stay single. You can feed this variety of fish both flake and live foods like shrimps and worms because they are omnivorous. They like digging, so provide them with appropriate hideouts and a suitable substrate in the tank.
One of the most aggressive South American Cichlids is the Convict Cichlid.
Their black and white prison stripes are well-known.
They come in a variety of colors, including blue and pink. Some are natural, while others are the consequence of genetic modification.
Because of their aggressiveness, these fish are one of the most difficult for beginning fishkeepers to maintain. Each convict must be able to create their own private area in the tank since they are fiercely territorial.
These aggressive fish may be kept in a tank with other cichlids that can defend themselves. Firemouths, Green Terrors, and Jack Dempseys are all excellent examples.