Elephants and emus from Africa and Australia are well-known. Did you know that E- begins with the letters of many animals from North America? Read on to learn about 18 animal species that start with E. that live in North America, including earthworms. Let’s take a look at how many you already knew!
Read on to learn about 18 North American animals, starting with E., from animals that fly in the sky to those that burrow in soils.
Elk or wapiti, which live in mountain meadows, forests, and forest edges across North America, Central Asia, and East Asia, is one of the world’s largest land-dwelling animals.
It’s the second only to the moose in terms of size, being a wild herbivore or cervid. Four of the six North American subspecies are still extant in the wild: Roosevelt’s elk, Tule elk, Rocky Mountain elk, and Manitoban elk. The Eastern and Merriam’s Easter elk subspecies have gone extinct.
Elk is now popular as a hunting game, and its meat, including antlers, are offered in select restaurants and shops. Elk antlers are utilized in novelty products and traditional East Asian medicine. The population of some herds is rising, and the IUCN Red List has designated them as Least Concern. However, certain herds are infected with infectious disease.
The huge pair of pincers at the end of each earwig’s body distinguishes it from other nocturnal creatures. They can be found beneath rocks, in rotting tree bark, and in other damp settings. They may be discovered in the pantry, where they consume foods that haven’t been properly secured.
Other garden pests, such as thrips, aphids, and snails are also eaten by the earwig, but it is an excellent exterminator of crops and garden plants.
The unusual form of the earwig’s hindwing most likely gives it its name, rather than the old wives’ tale that it will crawl into someone’s ear and lay eggs in their brain while they sleep. An earwig, though it is possible that one may be discovered in the ear on rare occasions, is just as likely to be found as any other bug.
Earwigs don’t lay eggs in people’s brains, as far as female earwigs are concerned.
Ermines have beautiful fur that was formerly popular for clothing, and they are sometimes referred to as short-tailed weasels. You may find them as far south as California, despite the fact that they are commonly found in temperate and arctic environments.
They are little, but they have a violent and territorial demeanor that allows them to battle creatures larger than themselves.
Several bird enthusiasts and pet owners adore the wonderfully colored Eclectus parrot. These are medium-sized birds that spend their entire lives in the humid environment of the rainforest, despite the fact that they are a uncommon discovery.
During mating season, females are extremely maternal, and all sexes will form relationships with multiple partners. Males and femen have a crimson tinge to their fussy feathers at the ends, however they are sharply green and red (respectively).
Eastern Box Turtle
The eastern United States is home to the Eastern box turtle, however it may be found in other places. Wet woods, marshy meadows, and open woodlands, such as shallow ponds, are their favorites. Mushrooms, berries, earthworms, snails, slugs, and insects are among the foods they eat.
The Common Water Frog and the Green Frog are two different names for the same species of frog that can be found across Europe. When populations were separated by the ice ages, the Edible Frog was created as a fertile cross between two other European frogs, Pool Frog and Marsh Frog.
Because they are almost always near water, the scientific name of the Edible Frog translates to “mud” and “guardian,” respectively.
Due to the fact that they are now regarded as a culinary delicacy in France, particularly the legs, it was initially described in 1758 and has been given the name “edible” Frog.
In open country near large trees and patchy vegetation, eastern bluebirds may be found in eastern U.S. states. Birdhouses are another favorite nesting spot for them.
They, on the other hand, prefer berries, crickets, grasshoppers, beetles, and mealworms over common bird seed in backyards. These birds are territorial as well, and they are sociable.
The term “Slippery as an eel” refers to the slimy coating of an eel’s body.
The conger is the most venomous eel species. These fish are real fish, despite their snakelike appearances. The word “eel” refers to snake-like fish like electric, ribbon, wolf eels, lampreys, and morays, as well as true eels for a total of 800 species. They are ray-finned fishes in the order Anguilliformes.
The eel fish may grow to be as long as 13 feet or more. Due to human over-consumption, a few freshwater species have become endangered.
Freshwater and saltwater fish such as marine morays are examples of anguilliforms. There are around 800 species in 19 families and 111 genera.
The Actinopterygii Class is a further division of the Phylum Chordata. They are also Teleosts, or 96% of all currently living fish species, and members of the infraclass Teleostei.
Emperor angelfish have brilliant yellow stripes and vivid colors that live in the sea. In the Pacific oceans, especially off the coast of Hawaii, you may find them at depths ranging from 3.3 to 328 feet in coral reefs.
They can grow up to 15 inches long, so they’re also kept in aquariums by people.
The snouted cobra or banded Egyptian cobra are two names for the same snake.
The Egyptian cobra has a massive body, measuring up to 8 feet in length. The forest cobra is the only cobra on the entire African continent that exceeds its size.
The IUCN isn’t worried about conservation because there are over 30 hatchlings per clutch. This cobra will pursue down dangers, striking with massive amounts of poisonous venom if needed.
The scientific name for the Egyptian cobra is Naja haje, which means “snouted cobra” or “banded Egyptian cobra.”
The name has two separate Sanskrit terms that both mean snake. The Reptilia and Elapidae families make up this class.
Earthworms play an important role in aerating soils, which is why they are common across the globe. They help add nutrients to the soil by being decomposers.
Hermaphrodites, or people who have both female and male genitals, are an unusual occurrence. There are approximately 180 distinct earthworm species in North America alone.
The Egyptian Goose is actually a kind of duck that appears in ancient Egyptian art, despite its name.
These birds are native to the Nile River basin, however they have expanded their range outside of Egypt, with specimens as far north as Florida in the United States.
These birds eat plants and insects and are seldom migratory. Mask-like markings are a feature of their signature style. Females deposit five to a dozen eggs on average.
The Egyptian Goose is most frequently found in its natural habitat, which includes both southern Israel and Egypt, where it has the most nests.
These birds may be found as far away as South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the states of Florida, California, and Texas in the United States. They are native to the Nile River region but have populations from escaped pets. These birds swim most of the time in their habitat, although they may roost in trees or forage for food inshore.
Because these birds will stay in the area unless forced out by drought, you may frequently see them all year.
Eastern Hognose Snake
The eastern hognose snake, which is native to North America, is a harmless venomous snake that poses no danger to humans or pets. They boast snouts that are flipped up and bodies that are roughly 46 inches long.
They have been known to flatten their heads and hiss loudly when they are threatened. They prefer sandy soils, grasslands, and open woodland to living in fields.
The Egyptian Mau is a domesticated cat with naturally occurring spots on the tips of its fur that is of small-to-medium size.
It is thought to be the forefather of contemporary house cats as well as one of the quickest. In Egyptian Arabic, the breed name means “cat.”
Friendly, chatty, playful, and active are some of the Egyptian Mau’s characteristics. With qualities of fidelity, keenness, independence, patience, and intelligence, it has a social and balanced temperament. T is the symbol for total, or complete.
His social cat is a free-loving “four on the floor” (all feet on the ground) cat that does not like being held or being a lap cat for half of the time or more, and he finds it physically stunning, strong, regal, and graceful.
It may have a possessive nature and care for someone more than anybody else. It’s skittish due to strange noises and sudden movements.
Eastern Spadefoot Toad
In comparison to typical toads, the wide eastern spadefoot toad has moister and softer skin. From New England to Florida and west through the Mississippi Valley, you can find them all throughout the eastern United States.
They favor river floodplains, as well as loose, sandy soils with consistent rainfall and mild temperatures. Their hind leg’s spade-like projections, which allow them to dig into sandy soils, are the inspiration for their name.
The tawny colors with black markings across the body of the spiral-horned eland make it one of Africa’s largest antelope species.
Their spiral horns are a dead giveaway for identification of this species over other antelope species. Females have the largest horns, up to 27 inches long, between the sexes. This horned animal dwells in a huge, migratory herd of more than 500 animals and is not dangerous.
Taurotragus oryx is the scientific name for the eland. It’s a member of the Mammalia class’s Bovidae family. The common eland and the giant eland are two of the most common subspecies of elan.
Tauros, tragos, and oryx are the three primary words that make up this name. In both Latin and Greek, the meanings are mixed. A bull is referred to as tauros, whereas a goat is referred to as tragos. The Greek word for pickax is “orux,” which comes from late Middle English. The eland’s horns are most likely the source of “oryx.”
A little bat that is a steady and deliberate flier, the evening bat. These indigenous North American bats can be found across most of the eastern and central United States.
Instead of caves, they prefer open areas and roost in barns and attics during the winter. Insectivores, these bats eat mostly beetles and other insects.
Elasmosaurus is a plesiosaur genus that loosely translates to “thin-plate reptile” or “flat-tailed,” although they aren’t actually a dinosaur. They are an extinct reptile species.
Plesiosaurs were originally recognized as the first, and all subsequent forms of plesiosaurs were discovered. While researchers have pieced together what they think this reptile would’ve been like with the influence of related Elasmosaurids, the only specimen that has been officially recorded as an Elasmosaurus (holotype specimen ANSP 10081) is missing a lot.
These lizards had streamlined bodies with legs resembling paddles to maneuver their enormous bodies. They were 34 feet (or 10.3 meters) long in total. The Elasmosaurus possessed flippers instead of legs, which helped them swim in the oceans.
Their flippers had to get them closer to their prey because they didn’t have flexible necks. Their snout was triangular, with a wide jaw holding fang-like teeth in the front and smaller teeth at the back of their mouth. They had around 40 teeth, based on the current specimens available.
Eastern Gray Squirrel
In the mid-western and eastern United States, gray squirrels are abundant and indigenous. They have an essential function in spreading seeds and help support plant development by feeding on seeds, nuts, buds, and flowers.
They’re frequently seen burying their food and, as a result of their exceptional sense of smell, are able to relocate it.
The electric catfish family includes approximately 21 species, each of which has a unique organ that can deliver an electric shock.
Its electrical capacity is particularly well-developed compared to the others, and it is not the only catfish family with an electric organ.
To protect itself and take prey, the catfish may release a shock of up to 450 volts. Their navigation through the surroundings is also aided by the shock.
Gelatinous muscle tissue is placed beneath the exposed skin and makes up the organ. Humans are not known to be killed by this discharge, but it can still harm them. As a hobby, electric catfish are sometimes kept in aquariums.
Eastern Spotted Skunk
Opportunistic feeders, stars on the lookout skunks eat practically anything they can get their hands on. They may be found across Canada, the United States, and northern Mexico.
They favor scrub clumps and rock outcrops in upland grasslands and forest borders, particularly. Their stripes are broken, which gives them the appearance of being spotted.
Elephants seals can hold their breath for two hours and dive more than 5,000 feet into the sea.
How this seal got its name is easy to see because of its trunk-like nose. A northern elephant seal has a nine-year lifespan on average, whereas an elephant seal in Antarctica may live from 20 to 22 years.
A male seal might grow to be over 4.5 tons in weight. Squid, fish, rays, penguins, and certain tiny shark species are the only foods these carnivores consume.
Mirounga is the scientific name for these seals. The Australian indigenous term for seal is Mirounga, or “miouroung.” The Phocidae family and the Mammalia class are both part of the Elephant Seal genus.
Northern (Mirounga angustirostris) and southern (Mirounga leonina) elephant seal species exist.